pharm test 1

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Anonymous
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64142
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pharm test 1
Updated:
2011-02-04 17:13:14
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pharm
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pharm test 1
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  1. DRUG
    a chemical that affects a living process
  2. pharmacology
    basic sciences about drugs
  3. clinical pharmacology
    study of drugs in humans
  4. therapeutics
    • Use of drugs to diagnose, prevent, or
    • treat disease or prevent pregnancy
  5. what are the top 3 classes for med errors?
    • -
    • -
    • -
  6. the 3 most important properties of a drug are?
    • -safeness
    • -effectiveness
    • -selectiveness
  7. T/F In contrast to the early 1900s, all of the drugs used in modern medicine are safe?
    False
  8. In
    most cases, we want drug effects to be reversible. T/F
    True
  9. what are some properties of an ideall drug?
    • -safe
    • -effective
    • -selective
    • -easy to administer
    • -reversible
    • -predictable
    • -no interactions
    • -low cost
    • -chemically stable
  10. Knowing
    that every drug has potential for harm,
    what are some reasons medications are given in such high numbers?
    the benefit outweighs the harm
  11. Pre clinical trials are done on who?
    animals
  12. The clinical trials are done on?
    humans
  13. what are the 4 phases of the clinical testing?
    • •Phase
    • I – healthy subjects, initial trial

    • •Phase
    • II – limited controlled evaluation

    • •Phase
    • III – extended clinical trials

    • •Phase
    • IV – Post marketing evaluation
  14. What are the limitations to new drug development procedures?
    • •Many
    • adverse effects not seen until Phase IV

    • •Limited
    • info about women, children, those with co-morbid conditions

    • •Not
    • all adverse events reported

    • •Black
    • box warnings and medication guides
  15. What is a voluntary way of reporting adverse events to the FDA?
    MEDWATCH
  16. What are the 6 rights of med administration?
    •Medication

    •Patient

    •Dose

    •Route

    •Time


    •Documentation
  17. What are the steps in the nursing process?
    • -assessment
    • -diagnosis
    • -Plan
    • -implement
    • -evaluate
  18. What is included in the assessment?
    • •Baseline
    • Data:

    • •Interview
    • and observation

    • •Self
    • care capacity

    • •Physical
    • exam/lab tests

    • •Medical
    • history

    • •High
    • risk patient/ high risk medication

    •Contraindications/precautions

    • •Drug
    • history

    •Genetics

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