Card Set Information
Keeping Republic American Government
Federalism an the U.S. Constitution
What is the executive branch?
The branch of gov responsibility for putting laws into effectt/
Gov in which the executive is chosen independently of the legislature and the 2 branches are separate.
What is the parliamentary system?
Gov in which the executive is chosen by the legislature from among it's members and the 2 branches are merged
Define judicial power
Power to interpret laws and judge whether a law has been broken.
Power of the Supreme Court to rule on the constitutionality of laws
An alternative to judicial reviews, the acceptance of legislative acts as the final law of the land.
Separation of Powers
The institutional arrangement that assigns judicial, executive, and legislative powers to different persons or groups, thereby limiting the powers of each.
Checks and Balances
The principle that allows each branch of the gov to exercise some form of control of the others.
Fusion of Powers
An alternative to separation of powers, combining or blending branches of gov.
Enumerate Powers of Congress
Congressional powers specifically named in the Constitution (Article 1, Section 8)
Necessary and Proper Clause
Constitutional authoritarian for Congress to make any law required to carry out its powers
Constitutional declaration (Article VI) that the Constitution and laws made under its provisions are the supreme law of the land
Powers that are shared by both the federal and state gov
Federal system under which the national and state gov are responsible for separate policy areas
The federal system under which the national and state gov share responsibilities for most domestic policy areas
Define Unitary System
Gov in which all power is centralized
Gov in which local units hold all the powers
McCulloch v. Maryland
Supreme Court ruling confirming the supremacy of national over state government
Gibbons v. Ogden
Supreme Court ruling that established national authority over interstate business
Declaration by a state that a federal law is void within its borders
Transfer of powers and responsibilities from the federal gov to that states
Federal funds provided for a specific purpose, restricted by detailed instructions, regulations, and compliance standards
Federal funds provided for a broad purpose, unrestricted by detailed requirements and regulations
Federal order mandating that states operate and pay for a program created at the national level
Provision for the Constitution to be changed, so as to adapt to new circumstances
Citizen petitions to place a proposal or constitutional amendment on the ballot, to be adopted or rejected by majority vote, bypassing the legislature.
An election in which a bill passed by the state legislature is submitted to voters for approval
Votes to remove elected officials from office