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2011-02-17 13:38:13
NBCE Boards principles

Part II principles
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  1. who is th founder of chiropractic
    Daniel David Palmer (D.D)
  2. what is the foundation of chiropractic according to DD
  3. what are the short levels that DD used
    Spinous and TP's
  4. what are the causes of subluxation according to Nerve Compression theory (DD. Palmer)
    • Chemical (toxins)
    • Mechanical (trauma)
    • Psychic (thought)
  5. Who coined the term "innate from christianity
    DD Palmer
  6. from where was chiropractic learned from
    Eastern European Bone setters
  7. what is chiropractic philosophy based on
    principle of Structure (Spinal column) to function (nervous System for healing)
  8. who is the deveoper of chiropractic
    Barlette Joshua Palmer
  9. what was B.J's theory
    Cord compression theory
  10. what were some of his contributions
    • Meric Chart of Nerve tracing
    • HIO -> only C1-C2 capable to subluxating
    • Vitalism-> suggests that the body requires something greater than physical and chemical process to function.
  11. Carver
    Sublux caused by ABNORMAL BIOMECHANICS caused by MUSCLE IMBALANCE in weight bearning spine.
  12. Carvers model
    Pelvic distortion model (basic distortion of spine atarts in the pelvis)
  13. Gillet/Faye
    fixation theory of joint Hypomobility
  14. Illi
    • joint hypermobility
    • descovered and tested SI ligaments
  15. Kirkaldy/willis
    • 3 phase model of instability -> Dysfunction, Unstable, Stabilization;
    • breaking up spinal adhesions on an injured segment
  16. Korr
    Segmental facilitation Theory
  17. Langworthy
    Wrote the first Chiropractic textbook 1906
  18. Selye
    General Adaptation Syndrome
  19. Still, Andrew, Taylor
    Founder of Osteopathy; utilized circulatory system
  20. In order what is the five component model of vertebral sublux complex (faye)
    • Neuropathophysiology
    • Kinesiopathophysiology
    • Myopathology
    • Histopathology
    • Pathoohysiology
  21. name the three forms of dysfunction of neuopathophysiology
    (faye- vert sublux complex)

    Irritation - results in facilitation. ant horn exhibits hypertonicity or spasm of muscles, when affecting the lateral horn will cause sensory changes

    Compression- leads to degeneration, muscle atrophy, anethesia, and sympathetic atonia

    Decreased Axoplasmic transport- alters development, growth, and maintenance.
  22. Acute irritation - Posterior horn
  23. Acute Irritation - Anterior Horn
  24. Acute Irritation - Lateral horn
  25. Chronic Compression - Posterior Horn
    Anesthsia (hypo)
  26. Chronic Compression - Anterior Horn
    Atonia/ Flaccidity
  27. Chronic Compression - Lateral Horn
    Sympathtic Atonia
  28. Kinesiopathophysiology
    (faye- vert sublux complex)

    Directly affected by chiropractic adjustment (Cornerstone Model)

    Described as hypomobility, diminished or absent joint play, or segmental hypermobility due to compression
  29. Myopathology
    • (faye- vert sublux complex)
    • may incl spasm or hypertonicity of muscles as a result of compensation, facilitation, Hiltons Law , or any combination
    • SPASM: Acute Condition
    • ATROPHY: Chronic Condition
  30. 5 signs of Inflammation
    • Redness (rubor)
    • Heat (calor)
    • Swelling (tumor)
    • (pain (dolor)
    • Loss of function (functio laesa)
  31. Histopathology
    (faye- vert sublux complex)

    damage on the sellular level via subluxation , this relates to inflammation
  32. Substances released for histopathology
    • Histamines
    • Prostoglandins
    • Kinins
  33. Pathophysiology
    • (faye- vert sublux complex)
    • abnormal function of the spine and the body via sublux
    • long term effects on the rest of the body and its systems
    • end result of VSC
    • DIS-EASE
  34. Neurological Reflex Models
    (Chiro Theory)
  35. All reflex arcs must involve the spinal cord. A reflex arc is where sensory meets motor. Reflex arc are named by "CAUSE then EFFECT"
  36. "GATE" Control theory of pain
    (Chiro Theory)
    Within substanctia gelatinosa ( lamina II of the gray matter), several factors area able to block or facilitate the transmission of pain- producing impulses to the thalamus.
  37. Vascular Insufficiency Models
    (Chiro Theory)
    Vertebral art -> Basilar Art -> Cranium are major blood supply to the brain stem

    VBAI theory states a cervical intervertebral subluxation may cause deflection or compression of the vert art, altering cerebral circulation
  38. Causes of VBAI
    • inj to cervical spine
    • congenital anomilies
    • spondylosis
    • atherosclerosis
    • subluxation of cervical vertebrae
  39. Signs and symptoms of VBAI
    • ataxia
    • diplopia
    • dizziness
    • diarrhea
    • dysphagia
    • falling to the side
    • nausea
    • numbess
    • nystagmus
    • visual disturbance
    • vomiting
  40. MC location for a VBAI
    compression of vert art over the posterior arch of C1
  41. what causes the most compression of vert art (VBAI)
    Rotation and extension of C1 and C2
  42. Subluxations may interfere with the normal transmission of nerve energy... which theory is this

    Who developed this theory
    Nerve Compression Theory

    DD Palmer