Normal Values

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nursing1
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64192
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Normal Values
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2011-04-03 17:42:30
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Normal Values
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  1. Room Temp
    68*-74*
  2. Serum Na+
    • 135-145 mEq/L; fx in H20 retention
    • <135 is hyponatremia
    • >145 is hypernatremia

    Serum Osmolality: 275-295mOsm/kg
  3. Serum K+
    • 3.5-5.0 mEq/L; fx in electrolyte balance
    • <3.5 is hypokalemia
    • >5.0 is hyperkalemia
  4. Glucose
    • indicates the amt of sugar in the blood, good indicator of diabetes
    • fasting- 65-110mg/dL
    • prediabetes or an impaired fasting glucose- 100-125mg/dL
  5. Prealbumin
    • 10-40 mg/dl
    • also an indicator of protein status
    • preferred in short term or acute conditions bc it has a t1/2 of 2 days
  6. Albumin
    • Indicates body protein status
    • 3.5-4.8 (>3.5)
    • does not detect early changes in nutritional status as it has a t1/2 of 21 days
  7. RBC
    • 4.7-6.1 for males
    • 4.2-5.4 for females
  8. Hgb
    • 12-16 for females
    • 14-18 for males
  9. HCT
    • 42-52% for males
    • 37-47% for females
  10. Platelet
    150-400
  11. WBC
    • 4.5-11.0
    • *this value increases with acute infection and decrease in certain viral or overwhelming infections
    • <4.5 is leukopenia
    • >11 is leukocytosis

    • WBC w diff:
    • when the WBC are broken down to show % of each type of WBC
    • Neutrophils- 55-70% increased in acute infection, decreased in overwhelming bacterial infection
    • Lymphocytes- 20-40% increased in chronic bacterial and viral infections, decreased in sepsis
    • Monocytes- 5-10% increased in protozoan, rickettsial and TB infections
    • Eosinophils- 1-4% increased in parasitic infections
    • Basophils- 0.5-1.5% normal during infection
  12. Blood PH
    7.35-7.45
  13. PaCO2
    35-45
  14. PaO2
    80-100
  15. SaO2
    95-100%
  16. Pulse
    60-100 beats per min
  17. Respiratory rate
    12-20 breaths per minute
  18. BP
    120/80
  19. Body temp
    • 36-38*c
    • 96.8- 100.4*f
  20. Ideal Body Weight
    (IBW)
    • Female- 100lbs + 5lbs for each inch over 60
    • Male- 106lbs + 6lbs for each inch over 60
  21. Body Mass Index
    (BMI)
    • 18.5-24.9 is Healthy
    • 25.0- 29.9 is Overweight
    • 30 or above is Obese
    • shows weight corrected for height
  22. Cholesterol
    160-200 mg/dl
  23. LDL Cholesterol
    Low Density Lipoprotein
    <130
  24. VLDL Cholesterol
    Very Low Density Lipoprotein
    200-400
  25. HDL Cholesterol
    High Density Lipoprotein
    >35
  26. ESR
    • (Erythrocyte sedimentation rate)
    • <15mm/hr for men;
    • <20mm/hr for women;
    • increased in the presence in infection
  27. Iron Level
    60-90g/100ml; decreased in chronic infection
  28. Food Guide Pyramid
    • 6-11 servings of bread/cereal/rice
    • 3-5 servings of vegetables
    • 2-3 servings of milk/cheese/yogurt
    • 2-3 servings of meat/fish/poultry
    • fats/oils/sweets are to be used sparingly, limit to 30% of calories
  29. nl elimination frequency
    2-3h
  30. Urinalysis
    • pH: 4.6-8
    • Protein: up to 8mg/100ml or (-)
    • Glucose: (-)
    • Ketones: (-)
    • Blood: up to 2 RBC's or (-)
    • Specific Gravity: 1.010-1.025
    • WBC: 0-4 w low power field
    • Bacteria: (-)
    • Casts: (-)
  31. nl urinary output
    • 200-300ml/void
    • 1500-1700ml/24h
    • > 2000ml/24hr is polyuria
    • < 400ml/24hr is oliguria
    • 30ml/hr with an indwelling catheter
  32. Urine Specific Gravity
    • 1.010-1.025
    • measures the concentration of urine as compared to distilled water
    • <1.010 reflects the kidney's inability to concentrate urine or an insufficient secretion of ADH
  33. BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen)
    10-20mg/dL; indication of kidney fx
  34. Creatinine
    0.5-1.2; also indication of kidney fx
  35. Serum Ca++
    • 8.5-10.5mg/dL (ionized 4.5-5.5mg/dL); fx in strengthening bones and teeth
    • < 8.5(4.5) is hypocalcemia
    • <10.5(5.5) is hypercalcemia
  36. Serum M++
    • 1.5-2.5mEq/L; fx in muscle & nerve impulses
    • < 1.5 is hypomagnesemia
    • >2.5 is hypermagnesemia
  37. Serum PO4-
    • 2.8-4.5mg/dL; fx in cell process
    • < 2.8 is hypophosphatemia
    • > 4.5 is hyperphosphatemia
  38. Serum Cl-
    • 95-105mEq/L; fx in fluid balance
    • < 95 is hypochloremia
    • > 105 is hyperchloremia
  39. Serum Osmolality
    275-295mOsm/kg; calculate Na x2+BUN/3+Glucose/18

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