emt-b chapter 18

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Anonymous
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642
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emt-b chapter 18
Updated:
2009-10-30 13:43:42
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enviromental emergencys
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brandon
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  1. What are the four factors affecting exposure?
    • physical condition
    • age
    • nutrition and hydration
    • enviromental conditions
  2. WHAT ARE THE 5 WAYS WE LOOSE BODY HEAT?
    • CONDUCTION
    • CONVECTION
    • EVAPORATION
    • RADIATION
    • RESPERATION
  3. wHAT IS CONDUCTION?
    TOUCHING A COLD OBJECT
  4. WHAT IS CONVECTION?
    CIRCULATING AIR
  5. WHAT IS EVAPORATION?
    SWEATING
  6. WHAT IS RADIATION?
    RADIENT ENERGY
  7. WHAT IS RESPERATION?
    LOOSING HEAT THROUGH BREATHING
  8. WHAT IS HYPOTHERMIA?
    BODY TEMPRATURE LESS THAN 95
  9. WHAT IS FROSTNIP?
    SKIN IS FROZEN WHILE DEEPER TISSUE IS UNAFFECTED
  10. WHAT IS EMMERSION FOOT?
    FOOT IMERSED IN COLD WATER FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME
  11. WHAT IS FROST BITE?
    THE TISSUES ARE COMPLETLY FROZEN
  12. WHAT IS HYPERTHERMIA?
    BODY TEMPRATURE OVER 101
  13. WHAT ARE THE THREE HEAT INJURIES?
    • HEAT CRAMPS
    • HEAT EXHAUSTION
    • HEATSTROKE
  14. WHAT ARE HEAT CRAMPS?
    MUSCLE SPASMS THAT ACCURE AFTER EXERCISE
  15. WHAT IS HEAT EXAUSTION?
    THE LOSS OF WATER AND ELECTROLITES DUE TO SWEATING
  16. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HEAT EXAUSTION
    • DIZZYNESS
    • WEAKNESS
    • NAUSEA
    • HEADACHE
    • COLD CLAMMY SKIN
    • RAPID PULSE
    • DIASTOLIC PRESSURE MAY BE LOW
    • FAINTING
  17. WHAT ARE THE 5 THINGS TO DO FOR A PATIENT WITH HEAT INJURIES?
    • MOVE THE PATIENT OUT OF ENVIRONMENT
    • TURN OPN A/C
    • REMOVE PATIENT CLOTHING
    • APPLY COLD PACKS
  18. WHAT IS DROWNING?
    DEATH FROM SUFFOCATION AFTER SUBMERSION IN WATER
  19. WHAT IS NEAR DROWNING?
    SURVIVAL AT LEAST TEMPORARILY (24 HRS) AFTER SUFFOCATION IN WATER
  20. WHAT ARE THE SIX STEPS OF DROWNING?
    • SOMETHING GOES WRONG
    • PANIC
    • INEFFICENT BREATHING
    • DECREASED BOUYANCY
    • EXHAUSTION
    • CARDIAC OR RESPIRATORY ARREST
  21. WHAT IS DIVING REFLEX?
    JUMPING INTO WATER MAY CAUSE HEART RATE TO DROP
  22. WHAT IS DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS OR "BENDS"
    BUBBLES OF GAS ESPECIALLY HYDROGEN OBSTRUCT BLOOD VESSELS. ACCURES FROM TOO RAPID ASCENT
  23. WHAT IS AIR EMBOLISM?
    IT IS A AIR BUBBLE THAT MOVES THROUGH THE BODY
  24. WHAT IOS BREATH HOLGING SYNCOPE?
    A LOSS OF CONCIOUSNESS CAUSED BY DECREASED STIMULUS FOR BREATHING
  25. WHAT ARE THE 3 TYPES OF LIGHTNING STRIKES?
    • MILD- LOSS OF CONCIOUSNESS, AMNESIA, CONFUSION, TINGLING
    • MODERATE- SEIZURES, RESPIRATORY ARREST, ASYSTOLE THAT RESOLVES, BURNS
    • SEVERE- CARDIOPULMONARY ARREST, MOST DONT SURVIVE
  26. WHAT KIND OF VENOM DOES A BLACK WIDOW HAVE?
    NEUROTOXIN
  27. WHAT KIND OF POISON DOES A BROWN RECLUSE HAVE?
    CYTOTOXIN

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