Brain and Behavior Exam Game

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pisaac22
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64374
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Brain and Behavior Exam Game
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2011-02-05 22:18:49
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Brain Behavior Exam Game
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  1. What are the two major sets of
    structures in the brain?
    Forebrain and Brainstem
  2. Posterior to the central sulcus you
    will find this lobe. What is its name and what is its function?
    Parietal Lobe – Goal-directed behavior
  3. Name the subdivisions of the
    nervous system? The most complete answer wins!
    • Central Nervous System
    • - Brain and spinal cord
    • Peripheral Nervous System
    • - Somatic Nervous System
    • - Autonomic Nervous System
    • ---->Sympathetic Nervous System
    • ---->Parasympathetic Nervous System
  4. What relationship did Aristotle
    believe the mind had with the brain?

    What relationship did Charles
    Darwin believe the mind had with the brain?

    What were these two explanations
    called?
    Aristotle: Mind and Brain were separate >Mentalism

    Darwin: Mind and Brain are inseparable >Materialism
  5. What are the implications of
    natural selection on brain and behavior?
    • Both the brain and behaviour
    • changed bit by bit in animals that evolved to greater complexity
  6. What are the different animal
    kingdoms?
    - Monera (bacteria)

    - Protista (single cells)

    - Plantae (plants)

    - Fungi (fungi)

    - Animalia (animals)
  7. Among animalia,
    what types of nervous systems have evolved?
    - Nerve Net

    - Segmented nerve trunk

    - Ganglia

    - Chordate system
  8. What are the three main regions of
    the brainstem?
    Hindbrain

    Midbrain

    Diencephalon
  9. What do all chordate nervous
    systems have in common?
    • - Bilaterally symmetrical and
    • segmented

    • - Brain and spinal cord encased in
    • cartilage/bone

    • - “Crossed” organization – Brain hemisphere receives info and controls the opposite side of
    • body

    • ***- Spinal cord lies behind the heart
    • and gut***
  10. These primates evolved 5 million
    years ago, walk upright and include all forms of humans
    Hominids
  11. This refers to the nervous system's
    potential for physical or chemical change that enhances its adaptibility
    to environmental change and its ability to compensate for injury
    Neuroplasticity
  12. What is the meninges and what are
    its three layers?
    • Brain's three layers of protective
    • tissue

    - Dura mater

    - Arachnoid layer

    - Pia Mater
  13. This “little
    brain”
    is involved in the coordination of motor and possibly other mental processes
    Cerebellum
  14. What are the areas of the nervous
    system predominately composed of cell bodies and blood vessels?
    Gray Matter
  15. There are four of these cavities in
    the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid. What are each called?
    Ventricles

    - left and right lateral

    - Third and fourth
  16. These are the bumps on the folded
    surface of the brain

    These are the grooves of the cortex
    Gyri & Sulci
  17. What are large collections of axons
    coursing together OUTSIDE the CNS called?

    What are large collections of axons
    coursing together WITHIN the CNS called?
    Nerves

    Tracts
  18. This part of the cortex lies at the
    back of the brain. What is it called and what is its main function?
    Occipital Lobe – Visual processing begins here
  19. What are the names of the parts of
    the hindbrain?
    - Cerebellum

    - Reticular Formation

    - Pons

    - Medulla
  20. What main structures make up the
    forebrain?
    • - Neocortex
    • (or cerebral cortex)

    - Basal Ganglia

    - Limbic System
  21. What are the principal structures
    of the limbic system?
    Amygdala

    Hippocampus

    Cingulate Cortex
  22. What is the law of Bell and Magendie?
    Sensory fibers → Dorsal

    Motor fibers → Ventral
  23. This cortex is anterior to the
    central sulcus. What is it called and what is its function?
    Frontal Lobe – Executive functions, decision making
  24. Who were two of the first
    scientists to try to explain what a neuron is?
    Golgi and Cajal y Ramon
  25. What are the three basic
    subdivisions of the neuron?
    - Dendrites

    - Cell body (soma)

    - Axon
  26. Describe the information flow in a
    neuron (as a list)
    Dendrite > Cell body > Axon > End Foot
  27. Name the three basic types of
    neurons
    - Sensory Neurons

    - Interneurons

    -Motor Neurons
  28. What are the types of glial cells?
    - Ependymal cell

    - Astrocyte

    - Microglial cell

    - Oligodendroglial cell

    - Schwann cell
  29. What are the main organelles
    important for protein production within the neuron?
    - Cell membrane

    - The Nucleus

    - Endoplasmic reticulum

    - Golgi Bodies

    - Microtubules
  30. What are the functions of the hypothalamus?
    - Hormone function

    - Feeding

    - Sexual behavior

    - Sleeping

    - Temperature regulation

    - Emotional behavior
  31. These proteins, imbedded within the
    cell membrane, allow chemicals to move between the intra and intercellular
    fluid
    Channels, gates and pumps
  32. What is it called when a gene pair
    contains either two identical or two different alleles for the same trait?
    Homozygous and heterozygous
  33. What are some approaches to genetic
    engineering?
    - Selective breeding

    - Maintaining spontaneous mutations

    - Directly manipulating genetic expression

    - Cloning

    - Chimeeric animals

    - Transgenic animals

    - Knockout technology

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