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multidisciplinary study of how people change and remain the same over time.
What is the nature vs nurture issue?
degree to which genetic or hereditary influences (nature) and experiential or environmental influences (nurture) determine the kind of person you are.
What is the continuity vs discontinuity issue?
weather development represents a smooth progression throughout the life span or abrupt shifts
Describe the Universal vs context-specific development issue
weather development follows one path or several
What are the four basic forces in the biosychosocial framework?
development is determined by how well people resolve conflict at different ages
Who proposed that personality development is determined by the interaction of internal maturation plan and external societal demands?
Erik Erikson - psychosocial theory
What is the epigenetic principle?
Each pyschosocial strength has its own special period of particular importance (Erikson's 8 stages)
Who studied operant conditioning?
BF Skinner - consequences of a behavior determine weather a behavior is repeated in the future
consequence that increases the future liklihood of the behavior that it follows
consequence that decreases future liklihood of the behavior that it follows
what is negative reinforcement?
rewarding by taking away something unpleasant
learning by watching how others behave
What was Piaget's cognitive development theory?
children try to make sense of their surroundings
Information processing theory
proposing that human cognition consists of a mental hardware and software
human development inseparable from environmental contexts in which a person develops
ways in which different generations experience the different framworks of development in their respective historical concepts
watching people and recording what they do or say
people are observed as they behave in a real life situation
researcher creates a setting that is likely to elicit the behavior of interest
people's answers to questions about the topic of interest
extent to which a measure provides a consistent index of a characteristic
weather something really measures what you want it to measure
broad groups of people of interest
small subset of population of interest
looking at relations b/t variables as they exist naturally in the world
an expression of the strength and direction of a realtion b/t two variables
factor being manipulated
behavior being observed
Developmental Psych Ch 1