Protein Synthesis Vocabulary
Home > Preview
The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
organic polymer that stores information for the production of proteins which is involved with the transmission of this inherited information
deoxyribo nucleicacid; Central nucleic acid with the code of proteins. Major component of chromosomes in eukaryotes and found primarily in the nucleus of eukaryotes although a small amount is found in the mitochondria and chloroplasts. Known as the template of the genetic code.
- monomers that make up nucleic acids; made of phosphate, sugar, and N-base
- group made of 1-phosphorous atom bonded to 4- oxygen atoms; (-) charge due to
- oxygen atoms with extra electrons. Bond
- to the 5th-prime carbon of the sugar. Make up the backbone of a DNA strand
- alternating with the sugars
- DNA it is deoxyribose, in RNA it is the regular ribose sugar. Both are pentose, 5 carbon sugars. The 1’ Carbon is bonded to the N-base
- compound. The 3’ Carbon is where the new
- nucleotides would be added. The 5’
- Carbon is where the phosphate is attached
1. There are 5 different N-base compounds. In DNA: Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, and Guanine. In RNA: Adenine, Uracil,
- Cytosine, and Guanine. They make up the
- center of the DNA and the order is the code for the proteins. They are divided into two groups depending on
- their structure: Purines and
These N-bases are made of two carbon rings and are larger than the others. The examples are: Adenine and Guanine.
- N-bases are made of only 1 carbon ring and are smaller than the others. The examples are: Thymine, Cytosine, and Uracil
Base Pairing Rule
- A purine must bond by weak H-bonds to a pyrimidine. The bonding is very specific, ex: A=T and C=G for DNA & A=U and C=G
- for RNA!
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview