GEO Exam Review 1

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ballinbc14
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GEO Exam Review 1
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2011-02-07 01:10:28
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Geography exam review Dan
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GEOG 1700 Exam Review from Dan in flashcard form
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  1. the growing interconnectedness of people and places through converging process of
    economic, political, and cultural change
    Globalization
  2. Firms and corporations that have a base in one country, but operate and have subsidiaries in other countries
    Transnational Firms
  3. Military action between a superpower using strategies dependent on high-tech weapons and the low tech and guerrilla tactics used by small insurgent groups
    Asymmetrical Warfare
  4. A highly inflated economy that cannot be sustained. Result normally from a rapid influx of international capital into a developing country (Ex. WWII Germany, barrel full of money for bread)
    Bubble Economy
  5. Cultural and political forces that pull away from and weaken a nation-state
    Centrifugal Forces
  6. Cultural and political forces that promote political unity in a nation-state
    Centripetal Forces
  7. Established rule over a local people by an imperialist government with aspirations of expanding their boarders literally and economically.
    Colonialism
  8. A conceptualization of the world into two economic spheres. The developed countries of Western Europe, North America, and Japan form the core, with less developed countries making up the periphery. CORE GAINED WEALTH AT THE EXPENSE OF THE PERIPHERY
    Core-Periphery Model
  9. The active promotion of one cultural system over another. (Ex. European Colonialism)
    Cultural Imperialism
  10. A process of protecting, either formally or informally, the primacy of a certain cultural system against influences from other cultures
    Cultural Nationalism
  11. The process in which immigrants are culturally assimilated into the larger society
    Cultural Hybridizing
  12. Learned and shared behaviors by a group of people empowering them with a “distinct way of life”; it includes both material, and immaterial components
    Culture
  13. The process of a former colony’s gaining independence over its territory and establishing an independent government
    Decolonialization
  14. A four-stage model of population change derived from the historical decline of the natural rate of increase as a population becomes increasingly urbanized though economic development
    Demographic Transition
  15. The annual rate of expansion of GNI
    Economic Growth rate
  16. A religion closely identified with a specific ethnic or cultural group, often to point out a defining characteristic of the group. DO NOT seek converts
    Ethnic Religion
  17. GNI divided by total population (remember GNI = GDP + the net income from abroad)
    GNI per Capita
  18. An agreed upon common language to facilitate communication on specific topics
    Lingua Franca
  19. A relatively homogenous cultural group with its own national territory
    Nation-State
  20. rapid growth of a city, most often because of in-migration, exceeds ability for the city to provide jobs, housing, food, water, transportation and sewage.
    Over urbanization
  21. (RNI) the standard statistic used to express natural population growth per year for a country, region, or the world based upon the difference between birth and death rates. RNI does not consider population change from migration. CAN BE NEGATIVE!
    Rate of Natural Increase
  22. Temporary housing developed on land not owned by urban migrants, typically in unoccupied open spaces
    Squatter settlement
  23. Crude factories in developing countries in which workers perform labor-intensive tasks for extremely low wages
    Sweatshop
  24. The average number of children that will be born by women of a hypothetical, statistically valid, population
    Total Fertility Rate
  25. A religion, usually with an active missionary program, that appeals to a large group of people regardless of local culture and conditions. (Ex. Christianity and Islam)
    Universalizing Religion
  26. An objective for human-caused change to a natural system (Ex. Carbon emissions from cars ---> global warming)
    Anthropogenic
  27. A spatial region of local plants and animals adapted to a specific environment
    Bioregion
  28. A region of similar climatic conditions. (Ex. Marine West Coast in the Western USA)
    Climate Region
  29. Graph of average annual temperature and precipitation data by month and season
    Climograph
  30. The spread of desert conditions to semiarid areas owing to improper management of the land
    Desertification
  31. The natural process of lower atmospheric heating that results from the trapping of incoming and reradiated solar energy by water moisture, clouds, and other gases
    Greenhouse Effect
  32. Term applied to the development of agricultural techniques used in the developing countries that combine new, genetically altered seeds that provide higher yields than native seeds when combined with high inputs of chemical fertilizer, irrigation, and pesticides
    Green Revolution
  33. An extensive area of grassland in North America. In more humid eastern populations, grasses are longer than in the drier western areas in the shadows of the CO Rockies.
    Prairie
  34. Semiarid grasslands found in many parts of the world. Short and dense grasses
    Steppe
  35. Harmful form of precipitation high in sulfur and nitrogen oxides. Caused by industrial and auto emissions, very harmful to aquatic and forest ecosystems in North America and Europe
    Acid rain
  36. coniferous forest found in high altitude or mountainous environments in the northern hemisphere
    Boreal forest
  37. A simplified description of urban land use: a well defined central business district is surrounded by concentric zones of residential activities, with higher income groups living on the urban periphery
    Concentric zone model
  38. The degree to which different locations are linked together through transportation and communication infrastructure
    Connectivity
  39. The movement of people out of urban environments to suburban or rural environments
    Counter-Urbanization
  40. What is the same as Cultural hybridizing?
    Cultural Assimilation
  41. The uneven inequitable access to the internet and to computer technology based on wealth and education
    Digital divide
  42. A shared cultural identity held by a group of people with a common background or history, often as a minority group in a larger whole
    Ethnicity
  43. Political system in which a significant amount of power is given to individual states; (Ex. Distribution of power in India)
    Federal State
  44. A process of urban revitalization in which higher income residents displace lower income residents in central city neighborhoods
    Gentrification
  45. A collection of powerful countries that confers regularly on key economic and political issues. (USA, Canada, Japan, Great Britain, Germany, France, Italy, and Russia)
    Group of Eight (G-8)
  46. Various influence that explain why an economic activity takes place where it does
    Location Factor
  47. Metropolitan Area in the Eastern USA that includes Washington DC, Baltimore, New York, Philadelphia, and Boston
    Megalopolis
  48. An agreement made in 1994 between Canada, the United States, and Mexico that established a 15-year plan for reducing all barriers to trade among the three countries
    NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
  49. Evolution of a labor force from being highly dependent on the primary sector to being oriented around more employment in the secondary, tertiary, and quaternary sectors.
    Sectoral transformation
  50. Arctic region with a short growing season in which vegetation is limited to low shrubs, grasses, and flowering herbs
    Tundra
  51. A political system in which power is centralized at the national level
    Unitary State
  52. The process in which cities are spread out over a larger geographical area
    Urban Decentralization
  53. A simplified description of urban land use, especially descriptive of the modern North American city. Features a number of dispersed, peripheral centers of dynamic commercial and industrial activity linked by sophisticated urban transportation networks.
    Urban realms model
  54. What was the woman in the video smuggling across the United States boarder?
    Cigarettes
  55. Places that are tied together by a common connection form what?
    Nodal Regions
  56. A _____ map is weighted by one distinct characteristic.
    Cartogram
  57. What was a popular sport for the young boys in the video?
    Professional Wrestling
  58. The General Assembly at the United Nations tends to focus on what international issue?
    Economic Growth & development
  59. Generally, globalization is expected to ______ economic growth.
    Increase
  60. The DVD showed life for people living in a ______.
    Garbage Dump
  61. Remittances are _____ sent home.
    Wages and money
  62. In general, global population is increasing. True or false?
    False. Population is generally decreasing
  63. Christianity has become a popular religion in what communist Asian country?
    China
  64. A cultures source is called what?
    Hearth
  65. Name a widespread tropical disease in the Amazon.
    Malaria
  66. Where has there been a recent boom in Mayan population?
    Guatemala
  67. The video about the arctic described _______?
    Melting of the polar ice caps
  68. The inhabitants of Tuvalu may be forced to migrate because of what?
    Rising tide and flooding
  69. The largest of the Great Lakes is ______?
    Lake Superior
  70. Deforestation has become a major issue in what Latin American country?
    Brazil
  71. Land that has undergone deforestation is known as _____?
    Barren
  72. The largest economy after the United States belongs to _____?
    China
  73. The ancient super continent was called _______?
    Gondwanaland
  74. The Grameen Bank specializes in what kind of banking?
    Micro banking
  75. Urban change has almost destroyed the US City of ______?
    Detroit, MI
  76. How many provinces are in Canada?
    10

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