dixon end of 2nd ch

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dixon end of 2nd ch
2011-03-14 17:38:45
dixon end 2nd

dixon end of 2nd ch
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  1. Dry socket
    pain bad taste odor
    rinsce w peroxide
    Alveolar Osteitis
  2. Condensing Osteitis
    mand. 1st Molar most common tooth affected
    dense bone with little marrow or CT
    usually associated with carious tooth or large restoration
    young adults
    no treatment
    Focal Sclerosing Osteomyelitis
  3. usually only 1 tooth affected
    radiographically – round to ovoid RL area in central portion of RO
    INternal root resorption
  4. appears as slight raggedness or blunting of the apex and can proceed to severe loss of tooth root structure
    Generalized root resorption associated with Ortho
    External root resorption
  5. most common cyst in oral region
    most a symptomatic – found on x-ray
    well circumscribed RL at site of tooth extraction
    Radicular (PA) Cyst
  6. characterized by Epithelial rests of Malassez
    localized mass of chronic granulation tissue forming at opening of pulp canal at apex of a non-vital tooth root
    Periapical granuloma
  7. composed of a purulent exudates (pus) surrounded by CT containing neutrophils and lymphocytes
    tooth associated with abscess is painful and can be slightly extrudedestablish drainage
    Periapical abscess
  8. excessive proliferation of chronically inflamed dental pulp tissue
    large carious lesions
    young children
    red or pink nodule of tissue that often fills the entire cavity in the tooth
    Pulp polyp
  9. Responses caused by caries or trauma
    • inflammation
    • infection
    • chronic hyperplastic pulpitis (pulp polyp)
    • necrosis of dental pulp
  10. increase in bulk of the free/attached gingiva, especially the interdental papilla; no stippling and rounded margins
    local irritants – plaque/calculus
    hormonal changes
    drugs – Dilantin (phenytoin); Procardia(CCB) and cyclosporin
    biopsy to rule out leukemia
    gingivectomy to treat
    Gingival Hyperplasia
  11. form of denture stomatitis
    palatal mucosa is covered by multiple erythematous papillary projections
    associated with a denture or partial or orthodontic appliance
    surgical removal
    Papillary Hyperplasia
  12. caused by an ill-fitting denture and is located in the vestibule along denture border
    elongated folds of tissue
    excise and form a new denture
    Epulis Fissuratum
  13. FIBROMA”
    broad based, persistent exophytic lesion composed of dense, scar-like CT occurs as result of chronic trauma
    most < 1cm
    most common mass on gingival
    removed surgically
    Irritation Fibroma
  14. bone lesion identical to CGCG with patients who have hyperparathyroidism
    Brown lesion
  15. occurs in bone of max./mand. – children/young adults Excise
    destructive – displacement of teeth
    central GCG
  16. occurs on gingival or alveolar process, women Excise
    Peripheral GCG
  17. lesion containing multinucleated giant cells/vascularized CT
    occurs only in jaws
    Giant Cell Granuloma
  18. common occurring intraoral lesion characterized by proliferation of CT containing blood vessels/inflammatory cells
    response to injury
    ulcerated, soft to palpation, bleeds easily, deep red to purple
    sessile or pedunculated
    occurs on gingiva, develops rapidly
    occurs in pregnant women – pregnancy tumors
    surgical excision
    Pyogenic granuloma
  19. occurs as a result of an obstruction of a salivary gland duct or infection
  20. benign condition of gland characterized by painful swelling/ulceration in area
    Usually at junction of hard/soft palate
    Necrotizing Sialometaplasia
  21. mucocele in floor of mouth (frog’s belly)
  22. results from obstruction of duct (older than 50 years)
    mucous retention cysts
  23. lesion that forms when a salivary gland duct is severed and the mucous secretion spills into the adjacent CT
    cyst-like structure
    inc and dec in size of time
    lower lip most common site (bluish in color if close to the surface)
  24. degeneration of tissues of lips due to over exposure to sun
    may also be derived “Angular Cheilitis” at corners of mouth
    strong link to basal cell carcinoma/squamous cell carcinoma
    use Sunblock
    Colar Cheilitis
  25. flat, well-circumscribed brown lesion of unknown etiology
    oral melanotic macule
  26. flat, bluish-gray lesion resulting from entrapment of amalgam particles into the tissue
    most commonly found on gingival or edentulous ridge
    can see particles on x-ray
    Amalgam tattoo
  27. lesion caused by injury to a peripheral nerve
    most commonly found at mental foramen surgical excision is treatment
    Traumatic Neuroma
  28. hyperkeratosis associated with use of chewing tobacco
    “snuff dipper” – mucobuccal fold
    inc risk of cavities, perio disease, attrition, and staining
    Tobacco Chewers
  29. benign lesion on hard palate associated with smoking – usually pipe or cigar
    heavy smoker
    hyperkeratinosis with presence of raised red dots seen at openings to minor salivary glands
    Nicotine Stomatitis
  30. ? – chronic rubbing or friction against mucosa resulting in a thickening of the keratin on the surface
    opaque – white appearance and represents a protective response
    same thing as a callous on the skin
    • Frictional Keratosis
    • “hyperkeratosis”
  31. persistant trauma can lead to a hard, raised lesion
    traumatic granuloma
  32. results from some form of trauma
    persistant trauma can lead to a hard, raised lesion – traumatic granuloma
    healing in 7 – 14 days (if trauma removed)BIOPSY if not healed in 2 weeks (rule out cancer
    Traumatic Ulcer
  33. lesions located at midline of hard palate varying from ulcers to keratotic to exophytic reactive lesions
    Cocaine use
  34. cavity – sterilizing /cauterizing agent (endo)
    causes whitening of area/ulcer if not removed quickly
    Phenol burn
  35. occurs when patient places aspirin beside a tooth with a toothache
    tissue becomes necrotic/white, sloughes off leaving ulcer
    ulcer heals in 7 – 21 days
    Aspirin burn