remainging occupied and involved is necessary to a satisfying late-life
gradual withdrawal from society and relationships serves to maintain social equilibrium and promote internal reflection
the elderly prefer to segregate from society in an aging subculture sharing loss of status and societal negativity regarding the aged.
personality influences roles and life satisfaction and remains consistent throughtout life. Past coping patterns recur as older adults adjust to declines
age stratification theory
society is stratified by age groups that are the basis for acquiring resources, roles, status, and deference from others.
function is affected by ego strength, mobility, health, cognition, sensory perception, and the environment. competency changes one's ability to adapt to environmenal demands
the elderly transform form a materialistic/rational perspective toward oneness with the universe. Successful transformation includes an outward focus, accpeting impending death, substantive relationships, intergenerational connectedness and unity with the universe
human needs theory
five basic needs motivate human behavior in a lifelong process toward need fulfillment
personality consists of an ego and personal and collective unconsciousness that views life from a personal or external perspective. Older adults search for life meaning and adapt to functional and social losses.
life-course/life span development theory
life stages are predictable and structured by roles, relationships, values, and goals. Persons adapt to changing roles and relationships.
selective optimization with compensation theory
individuals cope w/ aging losses through activity/role selection, optimization, and compensation. critical life points are morbidity, mortality, and quality of life.
Zone of proximal development-distance between the actual and potential dev. Level. Children are pulled towards new learning through their interaction w/ others and the environment. The guidance giving by others is referred to as “scaffolding”