Theory II

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sthomp88
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64677
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Theory II
Updated:
2011-02-15 23:30:09
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chapter seventeen key words
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week four
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  1. not made up of or containing cells
    acellular
  2. attachment of one substance to the surface of another; the action of a substance in attracting and holding ohter materials or particles on its surface
    adsorption
  3. heterotrophic microorganism that can live and grow in the presence of free oxygen; some are obligate, others facultative; adj. aerobic
    aerobe
  4. heterotrophic microorganisms that lives and grows in complete (or almost complete) absence of oxygen; some are obligate, others facultative; adf. anaerobic
    anaerobe
  5. matrix-enclosed bacterial populations adherent to each other, and/or to surfaces or interfaces
    biofilm
  6. formation of calculus
    calculogenesis
  7. adjective applied to dental biofilm that is conducive to the formation of calculus
    calculogenic
  8. develpment of dental caries
    cariogenesis
  9. adjective to indicate a conduciveness to the intitiation of dental caries, such as a cariogenic biofilm or a cariogenic food
    cariogenic
  10. able to live under more than one specific set of environmental conditions; contrast with obligate
    facultative
  11. the collective organisms of a given locale
    flora
  12. the various bacteria and other microscopic organisms that inhabit the oral cavity. The mouth has an indigenous flora, meaning those organisms that are native to that area of the body. Certain organisms specifically reside in certain parts, for example, on the tongue, on the mucosa, or in the gingival sulcus
    oral flora
  13. the forcefulc wedging of food into the periodontium by occlusal forces
    food impaction
  14. not self-sustaining; feeding on others
    heterotrophic
  15. material present between bacteria in dental biofilm; derived from saliva, gingival exudate, and microorganisms
    intermicrobial matrix
  16. invasion and multiplication of a microorganism in body tissues
    infection
  17. white blood corpuscle capable of ameboid movement; functions to protect the body against infection and disease
    leukocyte
  18. white or cream-colored cheesy mass that can collet over dental biofilm on unclean, neglected teeth; it is composed of food debris, mucin, and bacteria
    materia alba
  19. stage or process of attaining maximal development; become mature
    maturation
  20. the microspcopic living organisms of a region
    microbiota
  21. minute living organisms, usually microscopic; includes bacteria, rikettsiae, viruses, fungi, and protozoa
    microorganisms
  22. pleomorphic, gram-negative bacteria that lack cell walls; many are regular oral cavity residents; some are phathogenic
    mycoplasma
  23. ability to survive only in a particular environment; opposite of facultative
    obligate
  24. plan or animal that lives upon or within another living organism and dreaws its nourishment therefrom; may be obligate or facultative; adj. parasitic
    parasite
  25. disease-producing agent or microorganism; adj. pathogenic
    pathogen
  26. assumption of various distinct forms by a single organism or within a species; adj. pleomorphic
    pleomorphism
  27. any organism, such as bacteria, that lives upon dead or decaying organic matter
    saprophyte

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