Nutrition Cha 8 Minerals

Card Set Information

Author:
plwtn
ID:
64798
Filename:
Nutrition Cha 8 Minerals
Updated:
2011-02-07 20:01:50
Tags:
Nutrition Cha Minerals
Folders:

Description:
Nutrition Cha 8 Minerals
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user plwtn on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Of the 117 known minerals ______ are essential to human life?
    25
  2. There are ______ major minerals?
    7
  3. Name the major minerals.
    • 1. Calcium (Ca)
    • 2. Phosphorus (P)
    • 3. Sodium (Na)
    • 4. Potassium (K)
    • 5. Magnesium (Mg)
    • 6. Chloride (Cl)
    • 7. Sulfur (S)
  4. Name the 2 key players (minerals) that play a role in water balance.
    • Sodium
    • Potassium
  5. Name the 2 key players (minerals) that play a role in bone building?
    • Calcium
    • Phosphorus
  6. Thyroid peroxidase in thyroid cells use ________ to make thyroid hormone.
    Iodine
  7. The body needs > 100mg/day of this type of mineral.
    Major
  8. Bone and tissue formation
    Blood clotting
    Muscle and nerve action
    Absorption of B12, Secretion of Insulin
    Calcium (Ca)
  9. Deficiencies include:
    Tetany, Osteoporosis, Rickets.
    Calcium (Ca)
  10. The major food source of Calcium is ________.
    Milk
  11. Bone and teeth formation
    Energy metabolism
    Acid Base Balance
    Phosphorus (P)
  12. Water balance
    Muscle action
    Acid Base Balance
    Nutrient absorption.
    Sodium
  13. Major extracellular fluid control is this minerals main function.
    Sodium
  14. Sodium is needed for __________ to be absorbed.
    • Glucose
    • Galactose
  15. Does Potassium raise or lower blood pressure?
    Lower
  16. The heart muscle can weaken to the point it could stop beating if you have extremely high ____________ levels?
    Potassium
  17. Digestion
    Hydrochloric acid secretion
    Respiration
    Chloride (Cl)
  18. The only known development of toxicity of chloride is _______________?
    Severe dehydration.
  19. General metabolism
    Protein synthesis
    Muscle action
    Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
    A. Influences secretion of thyroxine
    Magnesium (Mg)
  20. Hair, Skin, and Nails
    Vitamin Structure
    Collagen structure
    Sulfur (S)
  21. This is gluelike and adds tensile strength body structures. Skin, ligaments and bones.
    Collagen
  22. Hemoglobin synthesis
    General metabolism
    Antibody production
    Drug detox in liver
    Collagen synthesis
    Carotene to Vitamin A
    Iron
  23. 70% of the bodies iron occurs where?
    In hemoglobin
  24. The genetic condition enabling the body to retain more iron than is needed.
    Hemochromatosis
  25. Controls the BMR?
    Thyroxine

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview