Science Terms

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Science Terms
2009-10-30 23:44:17
Chapter 13- energy

For vocab quiz
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  1. energy
    the ability to do work, or cause change
  2. kinetic energy
    Energy that an object has due to its motion
  3. potential energy
    Stored energy that results from the position or shape of an object
  4. gravitational potential energy
    Potential energy that depends on the height of an object
  5. elastic potential energy
    the energy pf stretched or compressed objects
  6. mechanical energy
    kinetic or potential energy associated with the motion or position of an object
  7. thermal energy
    the total potential and kinetic energy of the particles in an object
  8. electrical energy
    the energy of moving electrical charges
  9. chemical energy
    A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds between atoms
  10. nuclear energy
    the potential energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
  11. electromagnetic energy
    a form of energy that travels through space as waves
  12. energy transformations
    the process of changing one form of energy to another
  13. law of conservation of energy
    the rule that energy can't be created or destroyed
  14. matter
    anything that has matter or occupies space
  15. fossil fuel
    a material such as coal that forms over millions of years from the remains of ancient plant and animals
  16. combustion
    a rapid reaction between oxygen and fuel that results in fire