Katrina's Articulation Exam 1 Cards

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Katrina's Articulation Exam 1 Cards
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Katrina's Articulation Exam 1 Cards
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  1. Speech sound production: Rules for combining speech sounds.
    Phonology
  2. Speech sound production: Acoustic properties
    Phonetics
  3. Type of Phonetics: Sounds change over time
    Historical Phonetics
  4. Type of phonetics: Analysis of physiological movements and acoustic properties with instrumentation.
    Experimental Phonetics
  5. Type of Phonetics: How physiological systems work to produce sound.
    Articulatory Phonetics
  6. Type of Phonetics: Properties of sound waves.
    Acoustic Phonetics
  7. Type of Phonetics: Sound awareness, sound interpretation. (Discrimination)
    Perceptual Phonetics
  8. Type of Phonetics: Application, the study of speech disorders.
    Clinical Phonetics
  9. A category of Sounds
    Phoneme
  10. Minimal meaningful unit of sound
    Morpheme
  11. Study of sound differences in a language
    Phonemics
  12. Variation within a phonemic class
    Allophone
  13. Letters and letter combos that represent the same sound
    Allographs
  14. The ability to define the # of syllables in a word
    Syllabication
  15. Lengthening the vowel into a diphthong changes the meaning.
    Phonemic Difference
  16. Lengthing the vowel into a dipthong does not change the meaning.
    Phonetic Difference
  17. Contrastive
    Phonemic
  18. Non Contrastive
    Non Phonemic
  19. Same manner and place, but differ in voice.
    Cognate Pairs
  20. Glides: Semi vowels: Sonorants: May also be called.
    Approximants
  21. Change in configuration of the vocal tract due to sounds preceding or following the target.
    Adaptation
  22. Perceptual Change: the affected sound takes from characteristics of neighboring sounds
    Assimilation
  23. Study of rules that govern the production of sounds in combination of morphemes.
    Morphophonemic
  24. Repertoire of all speech sounds a client produces
    Phonetic Inventory
  25. List of phonemes used contrastively also phonotactics
    Phonemic Inventory
  26. Articulation disorders are ____ in nature.
    phonetic
  27. Phonological disorders are _____ in nature.
    linguistic
  28. vowel like sounds; but not true vowels
    Vocoids
  29. Consonant like sounds: but not true consonants
    Contoids
  30. Phonetically Consistent Forms, Vocables, Quasi-Words
    Proto-Words
  31. Factor in which the child actively selects words containing sounds that are important or remarkable to them.
    Salience Factor
  32. Factor in which children avoid words that contain sounds not in their inventory.
    Avoidance Factor
  33. Resonated in the nasal cavity
    Nasal
  34. Produced at the front
    Grave
  35. Produced with vocal fold vibration
    Voice
  36. Produced at the back
    Diffuse
  37. Sounds forcing the air stream through a small opening with intense noise.
    Strident
  38. Incomplete point of constriction and continuous air flow.
    Continuant
  39. Omission of one or more syllables from a polysyllabic word.
    Unstressed syllable Deletion (USD)
  40. Total or partial repetition of a syllable from a target word.
    Reduplication (redup) (doubling)
  41. Addition of /i/ or consonant + /i/
    EX: doggy; Bookie
    Diminutization (Dim)
  42. Insertion of an unstressed vowel, usally a schwa between two consonants or after a final voiced stop.
    Epenthesis
  43. Omission of a final single consonant or deletion of all memers of a final consonant cluster.
    Final Consonant Deletion (FCD)
  44. Omission of consonants in the word initial position.
    Initial Consonant Deletion (ICD)
  45. Deletion or substitution of some or all members of a cluster AKA cluster simplification.
    Cluster Reduction (CR)
  46. Partial or total deletion of one or more members of a cluster.
    Ex: Straw becomes Ta
    Cluster Deletion
  47. Replacement of one or al members of a cluster by another sounds.
    EX: Straw becomes Stwah
    Cluster Substitution
  48. Substition of stops for fricatives, usually in word initial position.
    Stopping
  49. Replacement of an affricate by a stop or fricative.
    EX: Chair becomes Share
    Deaffrication
  50. Replacement of velars by sounds made in a more anterior position.
    Velar Fronting (VF)
  51. Substitution of an alveolar fricative for a palatal fricative.
    EX: Sheep becomes Seep
    Depalatalization (Dep)
  52. Substitution of sounds with a posterior place of articulation for sounds with an alveolar place of articulation.
    Backing
  53. Substitution of a vowel w/ a syllabic liquid.
    Liquid Gliding (LG)
  54. Non-Labial becomes a Labial
    Labial Assimilation
  55. Non-Velar becomes a velar
    Velar Assimilation
  56. Non-Nasal becomes a Nasal
    Nasal Assimilation
  57. Non-Alveolar becomes an Alveolar
    Alveolar Assimilation
  58. Voiceless sound preceding a vowel becomes voiced.
    Prevocalic Voicing
  59. Voiced obstruent following a vowel becomes voiceless or devoiced.
    Prevocalic Devoicing
  60. Assimilation:
    Features of two sounds combine to form one "ing"
    Coalescence
  61. Inverstion of two sounds "Ask" becomes "Aks"
    Metathesis
  62. Insertion of a sounds "warmth" becomes "warmPth"
    Epenthesis
  63. Unstressed vowels move toward the schwa, spelling reflects original pronunciation.
    Vowel Reduction
  64. Vowel reduced until the syllable is lost.
    Syllable Reduction
  65. Difference between the child and the adult become limited to certain sounds.
    Limitation
  66. Substitutions that appear random become more ordered.
    Ordering
  67. The child stops one or more of the phonlogical processes while moving to the adult model.
    Suppression
  68. Identifying words that begin with certain sounds.
    Alliteration
  69. Identifying which words sound alike.
    Rhyming
  70. Where a specific sound occurs in a word.
    Phoneme Isolation
  71. Blending two or more sounds that are separated by a few sounds.
    Sound Blending
  72. Being able to Identify the number of syllables in a word.
    Syllable Identification
  73. Breaking down a word into its individual sounds.
    Sound Segmentation
  74. Spelling words "phonetically"
    Ex: Kat
    Invented Spelling
  75. Metalinguistics of phonology: using language to talk about sounds.
    Metaphonological

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