EMT-I

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abnrml101
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6484
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EMT-I
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2010-02-09 13:14:43
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A&P TEST
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EMT-I
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  1. WHAT IS THE ANS?
    • AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
    • CONTROLS UNCONCIOUS BODY FUNCTION
    • CONTROLS SYMPATHETIC AND PARASYMPATHETIC RESPONSE
  2. WHAT IS EMBRYOLOGY?
    STUDY OF DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGES
  3. WHAT IS MENT BY FORM FOLLOWS FUNCTION
    WHAT A STRUCTURE CAN DO DEPENDS ON ITS FORM
  4. WHAT IS THE INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM?
    • SKIN
    • SWEAT GLANDS
    • OIL GLANDS
    • HAIR
    • NAILS
    • PROTECTS AND SYNTHASIZES VITAMIN D
  5. SKELETAL SYSTEM
    • BONES
    • CARTILADGE
    • LIGAMENTS
    • PROTECTS
    • SUPPORTS
    • PROVIDES FRAMEWORK FOR MUSCLES
    • BLOOD CELL FORMATION
    • STORES MINERALS
  6. MUSCULAR SYSTEM
    • MUSCLES AND TENDONS
    • MOVEMENT
    • EXPRESSIONS
    • POSTURE
    • PRODUCES HEAT
  7. NERVOUS SYSTEM
    • BRAIN
    • SPINAL COLUMN
    • NERVES
    • FAST ACTING CONTROL SYSTEM
    • RESPONDS TO STIMULI
  8. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
    • HEART
    • BLOOD VESSELS
    • PUMPS BLOOD
  9. LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
    • RED BONE MARROW
    • THYMUS
    • SPLEEN
    • LYMPH NODES
    • LYMPHATIC VESSELS
    • RETURNS FLUID TO BLOOD
    • FILTERS WASTE
    • HOUSES WBC
  10. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
    • NASAL CAVITY
    • PHARYNX
    • TRACHEA
    • BRONCHI
    • LUNGS
    • O2 SUPPLY
    • CO2 REMOVAL
  11. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
    • ORAL CAVITY
    • ESOPHAGUS
    • STOMACH
    • SMALL INTESTINES
    • LARGE INTESTINES
    • RECTUM
    • ANUS
    • LIVER
    • BREAKS DOWN FOOD
    • ABSORBS NUTRIENTS
    • ELIMENATES FECES
  12. URINARY SYSTEM
    • KIDNEYS
    • URETERS
    • BLADDER
    • URETHRA
    • ELIMENATES NITROGENOUS WASTE
    • REGULATES WATER ELECTROLYTE AND pH
  13. WHO COINED THE TERM CELL?
    ROBERT HOOKE IN 1665
  14. WHAT IS THE CYTOPLASM?
    • CONSISTS OF CYTOSOL (FLUID PORTION OF CYTOPLASM)
    • ORGANELLES (FUNCTIONAL PART OF THE CELL)
  15. WHAT IS CELL MEMBRANE?
    MADE OF LIPIDS AND PROTIENS
  16. WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE PROTIENS IN CELL MEMBRANES?
    • TRANSPORT IN AND OUT OF CELL
    • RECEPTORS
    • CELL ADHESION
    • CELL RECOGNITION
  17. WHAT IS THE CYTOSOL COMPRISED OF?
    • DISOLVED NUTRIENTS
    • IONS
    • PROTIENS
    • WASTE
  18. WHAT IS ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM?
    • A NETWORK OF TUNNELS THROUGHT THE CYTOPLASM
    • CONSISTS OF ROUGH ER (RIBOSOMES)
    • AND SMOOTH ER (NO RIBOSOMES)
  19. WHAT ARE RIBOSOMES?
    THE SITE OF PROTIEN SYNTHESIS
  20. WHAT IS GOLGI APPARATUS?
    PACKAGES PROTIENS
  21. WHAT IS MITOCHONDRIA?
    • CELL POWERHOUSE
    • MADE OF 2 MEMBRANES
    • INNER MEMBRANE IS CALLED CRISTAE
    • ATP IS PRODUCED ON THE CRISTAE
  22. WHAT IS THE NUCLEUS?
    • CONTROL CENTER OF CELL
    • CONTAINS DNA
    • CONTAINS 35,000 GENES
    • RBC DONT HAVE A NUCLEUS
  23. WHAT ARE THE 4 KINDS OF TISSUE?
    • EPITHELIAL
    • CONNECTIVE
    • MUSCLE
    • NERVOUS
  24. WHAT IS EPITHELIAL TISSUE?
    • COVERS BODY
    • LINES CAVITIES TUBES DUCTS AND VESSELS
    • COVERS ORGANS
    • PROVIDES PROTECTION AGAINST PHYSICAL CHEMICAL AND MICROBIAL INVASION
    • CONTAINS RECEPTORS THAT RESPOND TO STIMULI
    • FILTERS SECRETES AND REABSORBS MATERIALS
    • SECRETES SEROUS FLUIDS TO LUBRICATE STRUCTURES
  25. CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    • MOST ABUNDENT
    • CONNECTS BINDS AND SUPPORTS
    • PROTECTS AND CUSHIONS
    • INSULATES (FAT)
    • TRANSPORTS (BLOOD)
  26. MUSCLE TISSUE
    • BONES OF THE SKELETON AND HOLLOW ORGANS
    • MOVEMENT
    • POSTURE
    • HEAT
    • EXPRESSIONS
    • PUMP BLOOD
    • PERISTASIS
  27. NERVOUS TISSUE
    • MAIN COMPONET OF NERVOUS SYSTEM
    • REGULATES AND CONTROLS BODY SYSTEM
    • GENERATES AND TRANSMITS NERVE IMPULSES
    • SUPPORTS INSULATES AND PROTECTS IMPULSE GENERATING NEURONS
  28. WHAT ARE THE 5 STAGES OF MITOSIS?
    • INTERPHASE
    • PROPHASE
    • METAPHASE
    • ANAPHASE
    • TELOPHASE
  29. SQUAMOUS EPITHILIUM
    • TYPE OF EPITHELIAL TISUE
    • ONE CELL THICK
    • STRATIFIED
    • FORMS EPIDERMIS
  30. CUBOIDAL EPITHELIUM
    • TYPE OF EPITHELIUM
    • ONE CELL THICK
    • CUBE SHAPED
    • LINED DUCTS IN KIDNEYS
  31. COLUMNAR EPITHELIUM
    • ONE CELL THICK
    • LONG AND NARROW
    • LINES DIGESTIVE TRACT
    • PSEUDOSTRATIFIED GIVES THE APPEARANCE OF MORE THAN ONE LAYER OF COLUMNER CELLS
  32. ADIPOSE
    • TYPE OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    • HONEYCOMB LIKE
    • STORES ENERGY
    • INSULATES
    • SUPPORTS AND PROTECTS
  33. BONE
    • TYPE OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    • TREE RING LIKE APPEARANCE
    • SUPPORTS AND PROTECTS
    • MINERAL STORAGE
    • FAT STORAGE
    • BLOOD CELL PRODUCTION
  34. HYALINE CARTILAGE
    • TYPE OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    • SUPPORTS WHILE PROVIDING FLEXABILITY
    • ABSORBS COMPRESSION BETWEEN JOINTS
    • HOLDS OPEN RESPIRATORY PASSAGES
    • MOST ABUNDENT TYPE OF CARTLIAGE
  35. SKELETAL MUSCLE
    • STRIATED
    • MULTINUCLEATED
    • PROVIDE MOVEMENT
    • PROVIDES HEAT
  36. NEURON
    • NERVOUS TISSUE
    • BRANCHING CELL WITH LONG "ARMS"
    • LARGE NUCLEUS
    • TRANSMITS IMPULSES
  37. WHERE IS THE VOMER BONE
    IN THE NASAL PASSAGE
  38. WHERE IS THE ZYGOMA BONE
    CHEAK BONE
  39. WHERE IS THE MASTOID PROCESS
    BONEY PROJECTION BEHIND THE EAR
  40. WHERE IS THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS
    SOFT SPOT BEHIND EAR
  41. WHAT IS THE MIDLINE SUTURE?
    SAGITTAL
  42. WHAT IS THE SUTURE THAT RUNS FROM ONE TEMPLE TO THE OTHER
    CORONAL
  43. WHAT SUTURE RUNS FROM THE TEMPORAL TO OCCIPATAL PORTION
    SQUAMOUS
  44. SUTURE BETWEEN PARIETAL AND OCCIPTAL
    LAMBDOID
  45. WHERE IS THE ISCHIUM?
    INFERIOR TO THE ILLIUM LATERAL TO THE PUBIS
  46. WHAT IS THE EPIPHYSIS OF THE BONE?
    END OF THE BONE
  47. WHAT IS THE DIAPHYSIS
    SHAFT OF THE BONE
  48. EPIPHYSEAL PLATE
    AREA MADE OF CARTILAGE ALLOWING FOR GROWTH OF THE BONE
  49. STRUCTURE OF THE BONE
    • PERIOSTEUM-HARD OUTER COVERING
    • COMPACT BONE-HARD STRONG LAYER
    • SPONGY BONE- HAS SMALL OPEN SPACES
    • MARROW CAVITY- HOLLOW AREA IN THE MIDDLE OF LONG BONES
  50. WHAT IS RED BONE MARROW
    • PRODUCES BLOOD CELLS AND CLOTTING FACTORS
    • YELLOW MARROW STORES FAT
  51. WHAT ARE THE 3 TYPES OF BONE CELL
    • OSTEOCYTES-MATURE BONE CELLS
    • OSTEOCLASTS-BREAKS DOWN BONE CELLS
    • OSTEOBLASTS-FORMS NEW BONE CELLS
  52. HOW MUCH OF THE BODY WEIGHT IS MUSCLE?
    50%
  53. WHAT ARE THE 3 TYPES OF MUSCLE
    • SKELETAL-STRIATED MULTINUCLEATED
    • CARDIAC-STRIATED 1-2 NUCLEI CONTAINS GAP JUNCTIONS
    • SMOOTH-UNSTRIATED 1 NUCLEI
  54. WHAT ARE THE 3 LAYERS OF HEART MUSCLE
    • EPICARDIUM
    • MYOCARDIUM
    • ENDOCARDIUM
  55. WHAT ARTERYS FEED THE HEART
    • RIGHT CORONARY ARTERY
    • LEFT ANTERIOR DESCENDING
    • LEFT CIRCUMFLEX
  56. COMPONETS OF CONDUCTING SYSTEM OF THE HEART?
    • SA NODE
    • AV NODE
    • BUNDLE BRANCHES
    • BUNDLE OF HISS
    • PURKINJE FIBERS
  57. WHAT IS THE ABSOLUTE REFRACTORY PERIOD?
    CARDIAC MUSCLE COMPLETLY INSENSITIVE TO STIMULATION
  58. WHAT IS RELATIVE REFRACTORY PERIOD?
    CELL HAS REDUCED SENSITIVITY TO STIMULATION
  59. HOW TO TELL WHICH NODE IS FIRING
    • SINUS RYTHM 60-100 SA NODE
    • JUNCTIONAL RYTHM 40-60 AV NODE
    • VENTRIC RATE 20-40 NO SA OR AV
  60. WHAT IS A SARCOMERE?
    THE FUNCTIONAL UNIT OF A MUSCLE FIBER
  61. HOW DO YOU FIGURE CARDIAC OUTPUT
    • SV*HR=CO
    • CARDIAC OUTPUT IS AMOUNT OF BLOOD PUMPED IN 1 MINUTE
  62. WHAT IS SVR?
    • SYSTEMIC VASCULAR RESISTANCE
    • ALSO KNOWN AS PERIFREAL VASCULAR RESISTANCE
    • AND AFTERLOAD
    • THE AOUNT OF PRESSURE IN THE EXTREMITIES THE HEART HAS TO OVERCOME TO PUMP BLOOD
  63. WHAT IS PRELOAD
    AMOUNT OF BLOOD RETURNED TO THE HEART?
  64. WHAT ARE BARRORECEPTORS?
    MONITORS BLOOD PRESSURE
  65. WHAT ARE CHEMORECEPTORS?
    MONITOR pH, CO2, O2
  66. WHAT IS THE EFFECT OF EXTRACELLULAR ION CONCENTRATION?
    INCREASE OR DECREASE IN K+ DECREASES HEART RATE

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