What are the precautions to take when administering any oral preparaion
1. a. Determine the client’s ability to swallow.
b. Assess the client’s cough.
c. Determine the presence of a gag reflex.
d. Prepare oral medications in the form that is easiest to swallow.
e. Allow the client to self-administer medications if possible.
f. If the client has unilateral weakness, place the medication in the stronger side of the mouth.
g. Administer pills one at a time, ensuring that each medication is properly swallowed before the next one is introduced.
h. Thicken regular liquids or offer fruit nectars if the client cannot tolerate thin liquids.
i. Avoid straws because they decrease the control the client has over volume intake, which increases the risk of aspiration.
j. Have client hold cup and drink from cup if possible.
k. Time medications to coincide with mealtimes or when the client is well-rested and awake if possible.
l. Administer medications using another route if risk of aspiration is severe.