Card Set Information
is a substance or a group of substances that absorb or release hydrogen ion (H+) to corret an acid-base imbalance.
The greater the concentration of H+,
the more acidic the solution and the lower the pH.
The lower the concentration of H+,
the more alkaline the solution and the higher the pH.
CO2 is what and what does it regulate
Carbon dioxide, which is an acid, regulates the lungs
HCO3 is what and what does it regulate
it is a bicarbonate, which is a base, and it regulates the kidneys
is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood, which occurs when there is a net sodium loss or a net water excess.
is a greater than normal concentration of sodium in the ECF caused by excess water loss or an overall sodidum excess.
produced by an inadequate amount of potassium in the ECF.
is greater than normal amounts of potassium in the blood.
represents a drop in total serum and/or ionized calcium.
is an increase in the total serum concentration of calcium and/or ionized calcium.
a drop in serum magnesium levels, occurs with malnutrition and malabsorption disorders.
an increase in serum magnesium levels
occors when the serum choride level falls below normal.
occurs when the serum chloride level rises above normal.
What is used to measure acid-base balance and oxygenation
Arterial blood gas (ABG)