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infection with human immunodeficiency virus. immunosuppresion and opportunistic infections, including pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, tb, kaposis sarcoma
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
restrictive pulm disease w/ nonspecific lung response to stresses or injuries of pulm or nonpulm nature. aka noncardiogenic pulm edema, shock lung, wet lung, white lung, and ventilator lung
acute respiratory distress syndrome
obstructie pulmonary disease characterized by reversible airway obstruction,
increased mucous secretions,
poor aeration, poor expansion, collapse of portions of the lung
(blue bloater) inflammation of bronchial mucosa that can be acute or chronic. classified as COPD.
cough w/ mucous production most days, for 3 months or longer, for 2 successive years
emphysema, bronchitis, asthma, bronchiectasis, cf, and bronchopulm dysplasia.
chronic inflammation and bulbous enlargement of the fingers and toes.
common w/ chronic hypoxemia, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, pulm infections and congenital heart defects.
clubbing, digital clubbing, or hypertropic pulm osteroroarthropathy
hypertrophy and thickening of the right heart ventricle.
cause by pulm htn.
hereditary disease of the autonomic nervous system that causes exocrine glands to produce excess abnormal secretions, resulting in tissue and organ damage, esp in lung tissue and organ damage
(pink buffer) dilation, enlargement, and destruction of air spaces beyond terminal bronchioles. aka COPD.
3 pathologic types: centrilobar, panlobular, and bullous
presence of purulent fluid in the pleural space. similar to pleural effusion
fracture of two or more ribs in more than one location, resulting in unstable area of the chest wall. unstable portion of chest wall moves in opposite direction of the rest of thorax
polyneuropathy is ascending from FEET UPWARD. muscle paralysis due to simultaneous malfunction of many nerves throughout the body, including nerves of the autonomic nervous sys
presence of blood in the intrapleural space
contagious viral resp tract infection commonly know as the flu
disease in the interspace area of lung tissue. many causes, ARDS, bronchiolitis, fibrosis, pulm edema, pneumonia
interstitial lung disease
neuromuscular disorder causing weakness and easy fatigability of muscles. most frequently involves FACE, THROAT, and muscles of ventilation
neuromuscular disease causing progressive atrophy of the hands, forearms, and legs. withering of muscles throughout the body, including muscles of ventilation. 80% of pts dies within 5 years
medical complications resulting from exposure to high concentration oxygen over extended period of time
presence of fluid in the pleural space
inflammation and infection of the lungs
presence of air in the intrapleural space or within other areas of the thorax
accumulation of excessive fluid in the alveoli and interstitium
sudden partial or complete blockage of pulm artery blood flow
blood pressure in the pulm arteries is abnormally high.
classified as hypoxemic resp failure. inability to maintain adequate oxy delivery to tissues
granulomas and inflammation in the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, eyes, skin, other tissues
obstruction of the upper airway during sleep
bacterial infection usually affecting the pulm system but can also affect other parts of the body.