k_basic_12_14

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Author:
jhmly
ID:
64910
Filename:
k_basic_12_14
Updated:
2011-02-08 11:43:41
Tags:
gre basic
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Description:
kapazang basic 12-14
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  1. callous(2)
    • a v
    • 1. 무감각한 (굳은살이 박힌)
    • 2. 무감정한 (불쌍해도 느끼지 못함)
    • --(마음이 딱딱해진 것을 연상)
    • --2의 뜻일 때만 <>sympathy, compassion

    <>sympathetic, compassionate

    • callous:friction::gullied:erosion
    • (A는 B의 결과)
    • callus(es):굳은살, gully: 협곡
  2. callus
    n 굳은살

    calluses
  3. compasstionate
    • a 연민어린, 동정하는
    • (고통을 함께 느끼는)

    com(같이) + passionate(열정, 고난)
  4. gully
    n 협곡

    • callous:friction::gullied:erosion
    • (A는 B의 결과)

    callus(es):굳은살, gully: 협곡
  5. callow
    a 미숙한

    • <>behaving with adult sophistication
    • , mature, sophistication

    (callow의 w를 뒤집은 M-mature 연상)
  6. calorie
    n 열량 (열의 단위)

    • power:watt::heat:calorie
    • ::sound:decibel::light:lumen
    • ::weight:pound
  7. lumen
    • n 빛의 단위
    • lu, lumi = 빛

    • power:watt::heat:calorie
    • ::sound:decibel::light:lumen
    • ::weight:pound
  8. pound
    • n 무게의 단위
    • v 망치같은 것으로 때리다 (파운딩)

    • power:watt::heat:calorie
    • ::sound:decibel::light:lumen
    • ::weight:pound
  9. calumny**
    n 거짓비방

    • v calumniate
    • a calumnious

    <>approbation, eulogy, flattery
  10. calumniate
    v 거짓비방하다
  11. calumnious
    a 거짓비방의
  12. approbation
    n 승인
  13. eulogy
    n 칭찬
  14. libel
    • n 문서명예훼손
    • , 거짓명예훼손
  15. cameo(3)
    n 양각세김, 작은조각, 단역

    <>leading role

    • cameo:sculpture::knoll, hillock:hill
    • cameo:appearance::blurb:notice
  16. knoll
    n 작은언덕

    • cameo:sculpture::knoll, hillock:hill
    • cameo:appearance::blurb:notice
  17. hillock
    n 작은언덕

    • cameo:sculpture::knoll, hillock:hill
    • cameo:appearance::blurb:notice
  18. blurb
    n 책에 짧게 들어간 광고 문구

    • cameo:sculpture::knoll, hillock:hill
    • cameo:appearance::blurb:notice
  19. camouflage
    v 덮어서 위장하다 (숨김)

    mouf = 덮는다(머플러)

    <>explosure, make conspicuous

    • camouflage:identity (A는 B를 감추다)
    • camouflage:identify (A는 B를 못하게 하다)

    • camouflage:indiscernible
    • ::ballast:stable (A해서 B한 상태가 되게 하다)
  20. make conspicuous
    • v 두드러지게하다
    • (conspicuous : 눈에잘띄는, 뚜렷한)

    <> camouflage
  21. indiscernible
    a 분간하기어려운

    • camouflage:indiscernible
    • ::ballast:stable
    • (A해서 B한 상태가 되게 하다)
  22. orthodox
    a 정통의

    • ortho = 바를정
    • + dox = 설
    • -------------
    • 정설 -> 정통

    GRE에서 정통 = 전통!!!!
  23. canonical
    • a 전통의, 정통의
    • canon - 경전
    • =conforming to orthodox rules
    • <>heterodox, nontraditional

    • apocrypha:canon(A는B에 안들어감)
    • apocrypha:authenticity(A는B가없음)
  24. heterodox
    n 이담, 이설

    hetero + dox
  25. apocrypha
    • n 경외전
    • a apocryphal

    • apocrypha:canon (A는B에 안들어감)
    • apocrypha:authenticity(A는B가없음)
  26. capricious
    • a 변덕스러운
    • n caprice

    • 변덕
    • - unpredictable
    • - consistant X
    • - sudden change O

    • <>resolute, steadfast, constant,
    • deliberate, pertinacious

    fickle<>steadfast
  27. steadfast
    a 확고한, 굳센

    <>capricious
  28. deliberate
    • a 심사숙고하는
    • (sudden X)

    <>capricious
  29. fickle
    a 변덕스러운

    fickle, capricious

    fickle<>steadfast
  30. pertinacious
    a 고집센

    <>capricious
  31. caricature
    n 캐리커쳐

    • caricature:exaggeration,distortion
    • ::aphorism:pithiness,succinctness
  32. exaggeration
    n 과장

    • caricature:exaggeration,distortion
    • ::aphorism:pithiness,succinctness
  33. distortion
    n 왜곡

    • caricature:exaggeration,distortion
    • ::aphorism:pithiness,succinctness
  34. aphorism
    n 경구

    • caricature:exaggeration,distortion
    • ::aphorism:pithiness,succinctness
  35. pithiness
    n 짧음

    • pith = essence
    • pithy = short

    • caricature:exaggeration,distortion
    • ::aphorism:pithiness,succinctness
  36. discursive
    a 산만한(길어진!)

    discursive <> succinct
  37. succinct
    • a 간결한
    • brief & to point

    discursive <> succinct
  38. cartographer
    n 지도제작자

    • cartographer:map::weaver:colthes
    • lexicographer:dictionary::novelist:book
  39. lexicographer
    n 사전편찬자

    • lexicographer:dictionary::novelist:book
    • cartographer:map::weaver:colthes
  40. caustic**
    • n 산화제, 부식제
    • a 신랄하게 비꼬는

    =corrosive / trenchant, sarcastic

    • <>innocuous, palliating
    • ,genial, mild, soothing

    caustic = mordant
  41. mordant
    a 신랄하게 비꼬는

    caustic = mordant
  42. trenchant(2)
    • a
    • 신랄하게 공격하는 (<>김이빠진)
    • directly 공격하는
  43. corrosive
    a 부식적인

    • corrosive:etch
    • B하는데 A의 특성을 이용하다.
  44. sarcastic
    a 빈정(조롱)하는
  45. innocuous(2)
    a 무해한, 감정을해치지않는

    in(없는) + noc(독)
  46. palliating
    a 달래는
  47. genial
    • = gentle
    • (mild & friendly)
  48. etch
    v 식각(에칭)하다

    • corrosive:etch
    • B하는데 A의 특성을 이용하다.
  49. cavern
    n 큰동굴

    • cavern:burrow::channel:ditch
    • (A>B)
  50. burrow
    n 작은굴 (토끼굴)

    • cavern:burrow::channel:ditch
    • (A>B)
  51. channel
    n 운하, 대수로

    • cavern:burrow::channel:ditch
    • (A>B)
  52. ditch
    n 도랑

    • cavern:burrow::channel:ditch
    • (A>B)
  53. caveat
    n 경고

    • overture:introductory
    • ::caveat:warning
  54. overture
    n 서문

    • overture:introductory
    • ::caveat:warning
  55. introductory
    a 서문적인

    • overture:introductory
    • ::caveat:warning
  56. cavil
    n,v 하찮은 비난(반대)

    =cavil,quibble,nitpick,carp,faultfinder

    cavil:criticize::prate:talk
  57. quibble
    n 하찮은 비난(반대)

    =cavil,quibble,nitpick,carp,faultfinder
  58. nitpick
    v 하찮은 비난(반대)

    =cavil,quibble,nitpick,carp,faultfinder
  59. carp
    v 하찮은 비난(반대)

    =cavil,quibble,nitpick,carp,faultfinder
  60. prate
    v 목적없이, 사소한이야기, 편하게 chat

    aimless, trivial, leisurely

    cavil:criticize::prate:talk
  61. celerity
    • n 민첩, 빠름
    • celer = 속도

    <>delay, dilatoriness, foot-dragging
  62. censure
    n,v 혹평

    castigate, censure, rebuke

    • <> accolade, approbation, commend
    • , extol, applaud, applause
  63. censorious
    (센컴빈출)
    • a 비난하는
    • n censorship 검열
    • n censor 검열관

    <>eulogistic

    censor:expurgate
  64. eulogistic
    a 칭찬하는

    <>censorious
  65. censor
    n 검열관

    censor:expurgate
  66. expurgate
    v 검열해서 삭제하다

    censor:expurgate
  67. chary(2)
    • a 신중한, 소심한
    • (체리사러 가서 신중하게 사니까 소심해보여!)

    • <>rash, reckless / bold
    • 신중<>무모, 소심<>용감
  68. rash
    a 무모한

    rash, reckless

    <>chary
  69. reckless
    a 무모한

    reckless rash

    <> chary
  70. bold
    a 용감한

    <> chary
  71. chicanery
    • n 속임(수)
    • = deception, trickery, guile, canard

    chic 세련,시크 + art 인공적 = 속임수

    • <>aboveboard action, honest dealing
    • ,guilelessness, scrupulous practice
    • ,forthrightness, lack of trickery
  72. deception
    n 속임

    chicanery, deception, canard, guile, trickery
  73. canard
    n 속임

    canard guile chicanery trickery deception
  74. trickery
    n 속임

    trickery canard guile chicanery deception
  75. guile
    n 속임

    guile chicanery trickery canard deception
  76. aboveboard
    a 공명정대한

    (카드를 보드 위에 올려 두고 섞음)
  77. scrupulous
    a 양심적인

    =conscientious
  78. conscientious
    a 양심적인

    = scrupulous
  79. forthrightness
    n 직설적임, 정직함

    • a forthright
    • <>evasive

    GRE에서 straightforward대신 쓰임
  80. choleric
    • a 쉽게 화내는 (성격)
    • choler = 화

    • = choleric, bilious, fractious, fretful
    • ,peevish, touchy, ticklish

    • <>hard to provoke, difficult to provoke
    • ,pacific, affable
  81. bilious
    a 쉽게 화내는

    choleric, bilious, fractious, fretful,peevish, touchy, ticklish

    bile n 담즙,분노
  82. fractious
    (센컴단어)
    • a 쉽게 화내는
    • <>affable

    choleric, bilious, fractious, fretful,peevish, touchy, ticklish
  83. fretful
    • a 쉽게 화내는
    • choleric, bilious, fractious, fretful,peevish, touchy, ticklish

    fret - 조바심내다, 애타다, 조마조마하다
  84. peevish
    • a 쉽게 화내는
    • choleric, bilious, fractious, fretful,peevish, touchy, ticklish

    peev - 화나게하다
  85. touchy
    • a 쉽게 화내는, 민감한
    • = ticklish

    choleric, bilious, fractious, fretful,peevish, touchy, ticklish
  86. ticklish
    • a 쉽게 화내는, 민감한
    • = touchy

    choleric, bilious, fractious, fretful,peevish, touchy, ticklish
  87. affable
    a 상냥한

    <>bilious
  88. pacific
    a 평화주의적인
  89. churlish
    • a 무례한
    • =crass, crude / surly

    • churlish:affront
    • A한 사람은 B한다
  90. crass
    a 무례한

    crass crude churlish
  91. crude
    a 무례한, 물건이 거친

    crude, crass, churlish
  92. surly
    a 뚱한
  93. affront
    v 기분나쁘게하다

    • churlish:affront
    • A한 사람은 B한다
  94. circumlocution
    • n 우회적, 장황한표현
    • (wordy, indirect, evasive, circuitous)

    • <>pithy utters, aphoristic uttering
    • ,succinctness, succinct expression
    • /straightforwardness
    • ,blunt uttering
  95. blunt uttering
    • blunt
    • ->주책맞게 솔직한 (직설적인)

    • blunt uttering
    • <> circumlocution

    무딘(not sharp)
  96. evasive
    a 모호한

    <>forthright

    v evade 피하다
  97. circuitous
    lengthy because very indirect
  98. circumspect
    • a 신중한
    • heedful,prudent,discreet

    • <>audacious, reckless, rash, imprudent
    • ,improvient, fatuous
  99. heedful
    • a 신중한
    • heedful prudent discreet circumspect

    heed = care
  100. prudent
    • a 신중한
    • heedful prudent discreet circumspect
  101. discreet
    • a 신중한, 분별력있는
    • heedful prudent discreet circumspect

    cf)discrete : 분리된
  102. discrete
    • a 분리된
    • (e가 분리되어있네)

    discreet 신중한
  103. provident(2)
    a 선견지명이있어서 + 절약하는

    providential = 천우신조의, 길조의
  104. improvident(2)
    a 선경지명이 없어서 + 낭비하는

    improvident <> judicious
  105. judicious
    a sensitive & wise

    judicious <> improvident
  106. fatuous
    a 바보같은
  107. claim(2)
    • v 사실을 주장하다
    • , 권리를 주장하다

    <>renounce, waive
  108. renounce
    v 사실이 아니라서 주장을 취소하다
  109. waive
    v 권리를 포기하다
  110. coagulate
    • v 응고하다
    • thicken, congeal, jell

    • <>dissolve, liquefy, thin, melt, fail to solidify
    • coagulant<>liquefier, dissolvent
    • coagulant:congeal::astringent:pucker
  111. congeal
    v 굳다

    congeal coagulate thicken jell
  112. liquefy
    v 액화되다
  113. dissolve
    v 용해하다
  114. coagulant
    n 응고제

    • coagulant<>liquefier, dissolvent
    • coagulant:congeal::astringent:pucker
  115. astringent
    n 수축제

    • coagulant:congeal::astringent:pucker
    • coagulant<>liquefier, dissolvent
  116. pucker
    n 수축제

    • coagulant:congeal::astringent:pucker
    • coagulant<>liquefier, dissolvent
  117. coda
    • n 음악끝부분
    • (꼬다리!!)

    • <>prelude, foreword, opening,
    • overture, introduction, preface, preamble

    coda:music::epilogue:novel
  118. preamble
    n 서두, 서문

    prelude, foreword, opening,overture, introduction, preface, preamble
  119. prelude
    • n 서곡
    • prelude, foreword, opening,overture, introduction, preface, preamble
  120. movement
    • n 악장
    • (음악에서의 악장 단위)

    시:연::교향곡:악장
  121. composition
    n 작곡, 장르

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