Cognitive Science Midterm 1

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  1. The term ghost in the machine refers to which concept?
    A. that there is a nonphysical mind that exists outside the physical brain
    B. that there is no physical difference between the mind and brain
    C. that there is a nonphysical mind that resides in the brain
    D. that there is a physical soul that is responsible for conscious experience
    C. that there is a nonphysical mind that resides in the brain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following monist theories states that the world only exists in an individual's mind?
    A. solipsism
    B. idealism
    C. dualism
    D. reductionism
    A. solipsism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. According to functionalism, it is best to characterize minds
    A. in terms of the operation they perform
    B. in terms of physical constitution
    C. as an emergent property of the brain
    d. none of the above
    A. in terms of the operation they perform
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. According to libertarians,
    A. free will is false
    B. determinism is false
    C. free will and determinism are compatible theories
    D. all actions are part of a series of causally related events
    B. determinism is false
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. While nativism claims that ideas are innate, rationalism claims that
    A. we are blank slates
    B. reasoning capabilities are innate
    C. rational powers are learned
    d. none of the above
    B. reasoning capabilities are innate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The Chinese room scenario demonstrates that
    A. following an algorithm does not always demonstrate understanding
    B. consciousness is required for understanding
    C. consciousness can be produced from physical properties
    D. AI can replicate consciousness
    A. following an algorithm does not always demonstrate understanding
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. TRUE or FALSE:
    Reductionists wish to reduce psychological phenomena to small-scale neural functioning.
    TRUE
  8. TRUE or FALSE:
    Qualia refers to the subjective feeling of a cognitive process.
    TRUE
  9. TRUE or FALSE:
    For Searle, there is no distinction between conscious mental states and physical mental states.
    FALSE
  10. TRUE or FALSE:
    By the multiple drafts model of consciousness, processing occurs through different parallel pathways.
    TRUE
  11. The field of cognitive science can best be described as
    A. a collaborative, interdisciplinary study of the mind
    B. a connectionist approach to brain science
    C. the convergence of philosophy and psychology
    D. a philosophical study of the mind based on introspection
    A. a collaborative, interdisciplinary study of the mind
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The word animal is an example of which kind of representation?
    A. rule
    B. analog
    C. proposition
    D. concept
    D. concept
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The rules by which units of language are combined and transformed are called
    A. pragmatics
    B. syntax
    C. predicate calculus
    D. semantics
    B. syntax
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Memory, language, attention, and perception are all examples of
    A. mental representations
    B. mental operations
    C. predicate calculus
    D. algorithms
    B. mental operations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. When a computer follows a software program to reach a certain output, which level is it operating on?
    A. algorithmic level
    B. computational level
    C. implementation level
    d. none of the above
    A. algorithmic level
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Cognitive psychology arose as a backlash against
    A. philosophy
    B. Gestaltism
    C. psychoanalytic psychology
    D. behaviorism
    D. behaviorism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. TRUE or FALSE:
    Propositional representations are both verbal and visual.
    FALSE
  18. TRUE or FALSE:
    In the connectionist view, knowledge is represented locally in the form of symbols.
    FALSE
  19. TRUE or FALSE:
    Philosophy, like psychology, operates according to the scientific method.
    FALSE
  20. TRUE or FALSE:
    Robots programmed to process from a bottom-up approach are programmed with a lot of information about the world.
    FALSE
  21. Which of the following accurately states the relationship between the dependent and independent variable in an experiment?
    A. Both the dependent variable and the independent variable
    B. Neither the dependent nor the independent variable is manipulated by the experimenter.
    C. Change in the dependent variable is measured as the independent variable is manipulated by the experimenter.
    D. The dependent variable is manipulated while changes in the independent variable are measured.
    are manipulated by the experimenter.
    C. Change in the dependent variable is measured as the independent variable is manipulated by the experimenter.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Seeing a cat and noting that it is black reflects our
    A. introspection of the cat
    B. mediate experience of the cat
    C. prior experience with the cat
    D. immediate experience of the cat
    D. immediate experience of the cat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. According to James, substantive thought occurs when
    A. parts are organized into wholes
    B. thoughts are transitive
    C. thoughts are focused
    D. thoughts are associative
    C. thoughts are focused
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. According to Gestaltism,
    A. the whole retains the same properties as its parts
    B. the whole is equal to the sum of its parts
    C. the whole is more than the sum of its parts
    D. the whole is less than the sum of its parts
    C. the whole is more than the sum of its parts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Suppose you shine a light into the aquarium each time before feeding your goldfish. Having done this several times, the fish now rise to the surface to feed in the presence of the light before receiving the food. The light is an example of
    A. a conditioned stimulus
    B. a conditioned response
    C. an unconditioned response
    D. an unconditioned stimulus
    A. a conditioned stimulus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Since being thirsty may influence the behaviors associated with getting a drink of water, Tolman considers thirst
    A. a cognitive map
    B. an intervening variable
    C. a reinforcer
    D. latent learning
    B. an intervening variable
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. TRUE or FALSE:
    For Titchener, the strength of a sensation can be described in terms of clearness.
    FALSE
  28. TRUE or FALSE:
    Freud believed that we are aware of the unconscious mind.
    FALSE
  29. TRUE or FALSE:
    Introspection was the behaviorists' main ethodology.
    FALSE
  30. TRUE or FALSE:
    Behaviorists believed that the mind could not be studied scientifically.
    TRUE
  31. The argument that language develops as a result of an innate mechanism that is not dependent on the environment is proposed by
    A. Fodor
    B. Skinner
    C. Neisser
    D. Chomsky
    D. Chomsky
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. In cognitive psychology, process models are used to represent
    A. the independent stages through which information processing proceeds
    B. the codependence among stages of information processing
    C. parallel distributive processing
    D. the connectionist paradigm of information processing
    A. the independent stages through which information processing proceeds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which aspect of the Pandemonium model would represent the overall appearance of a letter?
    A. a cognitive demon
    B. a feature demon
    C. an image demon
    D. a decision demon
    C. an image demon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. You are looking in your closet for your green wool sweater in a pile of black pants. Detecting the green sweater requires
    A. pre-attentive processing
    B. focused attention
    C. a serial search
    D. a 2 1/2-D sketch
    A. pre-attentive processing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. In Broadbent's theory of attention, a filter selects information to be attended to based on
    A. divided attention
    B. the cocktail party effect
    C. dichotic listening
    D. physical characteristics
    D. physical characteristics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The fact that we can recognize a frying pan when it is viewed from the top and from the side is accounted for by
    A. invariance
    B. discriminability
    C. occlusion
    D. conversion
    A. invariance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. TRUE or FALSE:
    In Triesman's parallel search, items are scanned one at a time until the target stimulus pops out.
    FALSE
  38. TRUE or FALSE:
    The dichotic listening task was developed to study selective attention.
    TRUE
  39. TRUE or FALSE:
    According to Kahneman, attentional capacity is optimal during periods of high arousal.
    FALSE
  40. TRUE or FALSE:
    It is more difficult to recognize an object when the junctions between geons are occluded.
    TRUE
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Cognitive Science Midterm 1
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Online quizzes for Midterm 1
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