Toxicology

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Author:
srosman
ID:
64992
Filename:
Toxicology
Updated:
2011-02-08 13:43:16
Tags:
toxicology board review
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Description:
Toxicology board review
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  1. Bradycardia
    • PACED
    • propranolol (beta blockers)
    • anticholinesterase drugs
    • clonidine, calcium channel blockers
    • ethanol and alcohols
    • digoxin, darvon
  2. Tachycardia
    • FAST
    • Free base (cocaine)
    • Anticholinergics, antihistamines, amphetamines
    • Sympathomimetics
    • Theophylline
  3. Hypothermia
    • COOLS
    • Carbon monoxide
    • Opiates
    • Oral hypoglycemics, insulin
    • Liquor
    • Sedative hypnotics
  4. Hyperthermia
    • NASA
    • Neuroleptic malignant syndrome, nicotine
    • Antihistamines
    • Salicylates, sympathomimetics
    • Anticholinergics, antidepressants
  5. Hypotension
    • CRASH
    • Clonidine
    • Reserpine (antihypertensive agents)
    • Antidepressants
    • Sedative hypnotics
    • Heroin (opiates)
  6. Hypertension
    • (CTSCAN)
    • Cocaine
    • Theophylline
    • Sympathomimetics
    • Caffeine
    • Anticholinergics, amphetamines
    • Nicotine
  7. Miosis
    • COPS
    • Cholinergics, clonidine
    • Opiates, organophosphates
    • Phenothiazines, pilocarpine, pontine bleed
    • Sedative hypnotics
  8. Seizures
    • OTIS CAMPBELL
    • Organophosphates
    • Tricyclic antidepressants
    • INH, insulin
    • Sympathomimetics

    • Camphor, cocaine
    • Amphetamines
    • Methylzanthines (theophylline, caffeine)
    • PCP
    • Beta-blockers, botanicals
    • Ethanol withdrawl
    • Lithium, lindane
    • Lead, lidocaine
  9. Diaphoretic skin
    • SOAP
    • Sympathomimetics
    • Organophosphates
    • ASA (salicylates)
    • PCP
  10. Red skin
    • carbon monoxide
    • boric acid
  11. Bitter almond breath
    cyanide
  12. Fruity breath
    • DKA
    • Isopropanol
  13. Oil of wintergreen breath
    methly salicylates
  14. rotten eggs breath
    sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide
  15. Pears breath
    Chloral hydrate
  16. Garlic breath
    • organophosphates
    • arsenic
    • DMSO
  17. Mothballs breath
    camphor
  18. Calculated osmolality
    2(Na) + glucose/18 - BUN/2.8 + EtOH/4.6
  19. Radiopaque toxins
    • CHIPES
    • Chloral hydrate
    • Heavy metals
    • Iron
    • Phenothiazines
    • Enteric-coated preps (salicylates)
    • Sustained release products (theophylline)
  20. Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema
    • MOPS
    • Meprobamate, mountain sickness
    • Opiates
    • Phenobarbital
    • Salicylates
  21. Anticholinergic toxidrome
    • (tricyclics, antihistamines)
    • Hyperthermia
    • Dry mouth
    • Flushed skin
    • Dilated pupils
    • Confused delirium
  22. Organophosphate toxidrome
    • DUMBELS
    • Diarrhea, diaphoresis
    • Urination
    • Miosis, muscle fasciculations
    • Bradycardia, bronchosecretions
    • Emesis
    • Lacrimation
    • Salivation
  23. Sympathomimetic toxidrome
    • cocaine, amphetamines
    • Mydriasis
    • Tachycardia
    • Hypertension
    • Hyperthermia
    • Seizures
  24. Narcotic toxidrome
    • Miosis
    • Bradycardia
    • Hypotension
    • Hypoventilation
    • Coma
  25. Dialyzable drugs
    • Isopropanol
    • Salicylates
    • Theophylline
    • Methanol
    • Barbiturates
    • Lithium
    • Ethylene glycol
  26. Beta-blocker antidote
    glucagon
  27. Calcium channel blocker antidote
    calcium, glucagon, insulin and glucose
  28. cyanide antidote
    • amyl nitrate
    • sodium nitrate
    • sodium thiosulfate
  29. Lead antidote
    EDTA, BAL, DMSA
  30. Mercury antidote
    BAL, D-Penicillamine
  31. Arsenic antidote
    BAL, D-Penicillamine
  32. Iron antidote
    Deferoxamine
  33. Organophosphates antidote
    atropine
  34. Tricyclics antidote
    sodium bicarbonate

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