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What is the most important purpose of the use of accents?
to indicate the logical divisions of the verse. this use of accents is of great value in understandng the text and preserving the meaning that has been ascribed to it traditionally.
What are the two kinds of accents?
Disjunctive (separating) and conjunctive (joining)
What are the disjunctive accents?
- 1. silluq - short vertical mark which is placed to the left of the vowel under the stressed syllable of the last word of a verse - it is follwed by the soph pasuq - which are two diamonds signifying the end of the verse.
- 2. athnaq - arrow under the accented syllable - it marks the logical division of the verse.
- 3. zaqeph qaton - two vertical dots above the line - it is a quater marker dividing the two halves marked by athnach. sometimes it supersedes athnach as teh principal divider of the verse.
What is the strongest and most frequent conjunctive accent?
munach - it looks like a backward "L" and is placed beneath the word. A word that has this should not be separated from the word that follows it.
The basic rule governing qames hatuph is this:
1. if it occurs in a closed, unaccented syllable - it is ____
2. if it occurs in an open syllable, or in a closed shyllable which is accented - it is _____
In some cases the clearest indicator for the presence of a qamets hatuph is when it _______
Replaces either a holem or a shureq in the basic form of the word.
Metheg is a mark used as a ________ .
- secondary accent.
- it is designated in a word by placing a small vertical stroke to the left of a vowel, causing the reader to pause briefly after it.
The presence of metheg will cause the syllable in which it appears to remain _______.
- - this is especially significant in determing the difference between qamets and qamets hatuph
In cases of words that have many syllables, metheg is sometimes placed ________.
in the third syllable back from the accented syllable.
Any long vowel 2 or more syllables before the main stress of the word may have _______.
Metheg and ______ have identical forms but different functions.
- which aoccurs only under the tone syllable of the last word of the verse.
1. sometimes changes in vowel pointing take place in word when _________.
2. these are indicated primarily (but not soley) by _______
- 1. they occur at a major break (pause) in a sentence or clause.
- 2. the major disjunctive accents silluq and athnach.
- ps - the basic purpose for these changes is to slow down the reader in those places - like a comma, semi-colon, or period.
Where does silluq show up and what does it look like?
- in the last word of a verse
- to the left of the vowel
- under the stressed syllable
- it is a short vertical line
What does silluq do?
what is it followed by?
- it marks the principal stop in the verse.
- it is followed by soph pasuq - two vertical diamonds that usually mark the end of the verse.
What is soph pasuq?
two small diamonds that usuall mark the end of the verse.
What is the function of athnach?
what does it look like?
Where does it occur?
- to mark the principal division of the verse - it marks the logical division.
- it looks like a small arrow
- it always occurs under the accented syllable.
what is the function of Zaqeph qaton?
What does it look like?
- to divide the verse into quarters (the halves being marked by athnaq). Sometimes it supersedes athnaq as the principal divider of the verse.
- it looks like the shewa but is placed above the syllable.