Card Set Information
What is the diff b/t primary and secondary malnutrition?
General nutrients, amino acids are missing
Items missing due to deficiencies or physical demand
What are the two dangers of refeeding a marasmus patient?
Repletion heart failure:
heart weak from fasting, can't take extra calories and glucose
phosphate trap (less ATP)
What is used to measure Kwashiokor and what is its value?
**Lymphopenia, bad wound healing, easy loss of hair or edema are also present
What are classic lab findings for Marasmus?
reduced seruym protein anemia
Is Cachexia a primary or secondary cause of malnutrition?
What happens to RMR in cachexia?
When is Enteral nutrition used?
During times of malnutrition when there are ingestion/digestion problems
absorptive capacity adequate
When is Parenteral nutrition used?
When GI tract is nonfunctional
How many days do you need in order to start nutrtitional support?
At least 5 (if less, then you can't do it)
If a person is expected to die of a disease b/f malnutrition, do you treat with nutritional support?
No, waste of resources for someone that is not in need
What are the two types of parenteral nutritional support?
: fed into central vein, can require surgery
: short term
Should you give a hyperglycemic patient a TPN?
No, it exacerbates the problem
What are the four advantages of Enteral nutrition over Parenteral nutrition?