Photosynthesis flashcards

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Author:
zrmeyers20
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65039
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Photosynthesis flashcards
Updated:
2011-02-08 17:36:58
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photosynthesis
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chapter 6
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  1. What are the flattened sacs inside the chloioplast?
    Thylakoids
  2. Where does the Calvin Cycle occur?
    Stroma
  3. What is the solution surrounding the grana called?
    Stroma
  4. What pathway do plants go through by fixing Carbon Dioxide to 4 carbon compounds in hot, dry climates?
    C4 Pathway
  5. What pathway do plants go through by fixing Carbon Dioxide to 4 carbon compounds in very dry climates by opening the stomata at night?
    CAM Pathway
  6. Small pores located on the undersides of leaves are called?
    Stomata
  7. The incorporation of Carbon Dioxide into organic compounds is called
    Carbon Fixation
  8. An organelle found in plants and algae
    Chloroplast
  9. Reaction when the sun's energy is captured and converted to chemical energy stored as ATP and NADPH
    Light Reactions
  10. Process converts light energy to chemical energy
    Photosynthesis
  11. An important pigment that gives plants their green color
    Chlorophyll
  12. Compounds that absorb light
    Pigments
  13. Enzyme assisted reaction in which organic compounds by using carbon dioxide and energy stored in ATP and NADPH
    Calvin Cycle/Dark Reactions
  14. The synthesis of ATP
    Chemiosmosis
  15. Chain that transports excited electrons from one molecule to another
    Electron Transport Chain
  16. The acceptor of electrons lost from chlrorphyll a
    Primary Electron Acceptor
  17. Organisms that eat other food
    Heterotrophs
  18. Organisms that produce their own food
    Autotrophs
  19. The Light Reactions occur here
    Thylakoid Membrane
  20. A cluster of pigments and proteins
    Photosystem
  21. Stacks of thylakoids
    grana(um)
  22. These absorb the photons of light
    Pigments
  23. The least helpful color that is reflected in photsynthesis is:
    Green
  24. This scientist determined that the plant's mass come from outside sources (discovered it didn't come from soil, but water in soil)
    Jan Von Helmont
  25. This scientist discovered plants produce oxygen by using a candle and a glass jar
    Joseph Priestly
  26. This scientist discovered that plants only produce oxygen when exposed to sunlight
    Jan Ingerhousz
  27. The waxy, protective layer of the leaf that prevents too much water from entering and leaving
    Cuticle
  28. The photons of sunlight enter through here to start photosynthesis
    Epidermis
  29. Where carbon dioxide enters, oxygen exits, and water enters and exits
    Stomata
  30. Where water diffuses on the leaf
    Guard Cells
  31. The layer of photosynthetic cells
    Spongy Layer
  32. Layer of cells rich in chloroplasts
    Palisade Layer
  33. Brings water and nutrients to the leaf
    Veins
  34. The two parts of light
    Waves and Photons
  35. A particle of light
    Photon
  36. Longest waves with lowest frequency on Electromagnetic Spectrum
    Radio Waves
  37. Waves that pass through some objects and heat others
    Microwaves
  38. Waves that heat dark but reflect light material
    Infared/Heat Waves
  39. The smallest part of electromagnetic spectrum, visible to humans
    Visible Light
  40. Waves that cause surnburn and destruction of ozone
    Ultraviolet Waves
  41. Waves that penetrate muscle but not bone
    X-Rays
  42. Waves used in cancer
    Gamma Waves
  43. The first step of the light reaction
    Light Absorbtion
  44. When the excited electron breaks the water molecule it creates
    Hydrogen Ion, Electron, Oxygen
  45. The purpose of the Calvin Cycle is to turn carbon dioxide into this
    Glucose or other monosaccaharides
  46. A 5 carbon sugar combines with carbon dioxide to form
    3-Carbon Compounds
  47. ATP and NADPH are used to convert the two 3 – carbon compounds to
    PGAL/G3P
  48. 2 PGAL/G3P molecules makes one
    glucose
  49. An opposite process of photosynthesis is
    Cellular Respiration
  50. 3 energy storing compounds are
    ATP, ADP, NADP
  51. Carbon Dioxide is used in the
    Calvin Cycle
  52. Energy is stored in
    Bonds
  53. The complete balanced equation of photosynthesis
    6H2O + 6CO2 --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
  54. The waves and photons of light are divided into
    The Electromagnetic Spectrum
  55. 3 Factors that effect photosynthesis are
    Light, Temperature, Carbon Dioxide Levels

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