BC pregnancy/nutrition #25.txt
Home > Preview
The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
How are glucose, ketone bodies and insulin transferred to the baby?
Facilitated diffusion (down gradient)
How are AA and Vitamin C transferred to baby?
Secondary active transport
How is iron transported to baby?
Independent of maternal stores
How do essential FA cross to baby?
What are the four hormones that produce anti-insulin effects?
- 1) TNFa
- 2) cortisol
- 3) Prolactin
- 4) Growth hormone
What is a mother's primary source for fuel during pregnancy? glucose, ketone bodies, FA oxidation or AA
FA oxidation (rest is shunted to baby)
How many calories should a pregnant woman take in daily?
200-300 (actually 100)
What percent of IBW should a woman gain during pregnancy?
What diseases occur if mother gains >35 lbs.?
- cesarian birth
- neonatal seizures
- infant hypoglycemia
What is macrosomia?
Large-for-gestational age infants
What is the level of low birth weight?
<5.5 lbs (5500 g)
What are LBW babies at risk for?
- Metabolic syndrome
- insulin resistance
- central obesity
- type II diabetes
- cardiovascular disease
How are neurons affected in LBW babies?
- Not enough produced
- each neuron gets overworked = stressed neurons
What would you like to do?
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview