Theory II

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Theory II
2011-02-08 21:33:14
Chapter thirty three fluoride

week four
Show Answers:

  1. Professional applied fluorides may be what 3 materials?
    • gels
    • foams
    • varnish
  2. What are 7 indications of people who fluoride would be good for?
    • pts at risk for dental caries
    • primary teeth
    • posteruptive period
    • active caries
    • recurrent caries
    • ortho patient
    • compromised salivary flow
  3. Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) comes in what 2 forms?
    • 1.23% foam
    • 1.23% gel
  4. What type of fluoride should no be used if composite, porcelain, or sealants are present?
    acidulated phosphate (APF)
  5. sodium flouride (NaF) neutral comes in what 3 forms?
    • 2.0% gel
    • 2.0% foam
    • 5.0% varnish
  6. a ___ minute tray application of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) is recommended ____ times per year for individuals at a high risk for dental caries
    • 4
    • four
  7. Is gel or foam better to use?
  8. What type of fluoride is fast and easily applied, has a higher concentration even when less is used, and was approved in 1994 by the FDA for use as cavity liner?
    5.0% sodium fluoride neutral varnish
  9. What type of fluoride sets quickly and releases fluoride into pits and fissures, reverses enamel lesions in primary teeth, remineralized enamel, reduces demineralization and dentin hypersensitivity?
    5.0% sodium fluoride neutral varnish
  10. What are 3 precautions of topical fluoride applications?
    • do not overfill trays
    • request patient not to swallow
    • low volume suction
  11. What three ways are self applied fluorides available?
    dentifrices, mouthrinses, and gels
  12. What are the three methods of self application of fluoride?
    • tray
    • rinsing
    • tooth brushing
  13. How long should you swish with self applied mouth rinse fluoride?
    1 minute
  14. What type of tooth brush should be used for self applied fluorides in tooth brushing?
    interdental brush
  15. What percent concentration is fluoride used in self applied gel?
    • 1.1% NaF
    • 1.1% APF
  16. What are the 2 categories of fluoride oral rinses?
    • low-potency/high frequency
    • high-potency/low frequency
  17. No more than ____ mg of NaF (low-potency/high frequency) can be dispensed at one time
  18. What percent of fluoride of low-potency/high frequency fluoride is available OTC?
    .05% NaF; 230 ppm
  19. What percent of flouride of low-potency/high frequency is available by perscription only?
    0.044% NaF and APF; 200 ppm
  20. How long should you rinse with a low-potency/high frequency fluoride mouth rinse before spitting it out?
    1 minute
  21. How often is a low-potency/high frequency flouride mouth rinse used?
    once a day
  22. how often is a high-potency/low frequency flouride mouth rinse used?
    once a week
  23. true or false. high-potency/low frequency fluoride is given by prescription only
  24. What percent of NaF does high-potency/low frequency fluoride mouth rinse come in?
    .2% NaF; 905 ppm
  25. The use of flouride mouth rinses showed what percent of reduction in dental caries incidence?
  26. What percent of reduction in school age children of caries was seen with the use of fluoride mouth rinse?
  27. What percent is used in brush on fluoride gel?
    1.1% NaF or APF
  28. There can be no more than ______ mg of household fluoride in one house at a time
  29. nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain that begin within 30 minutes of ingestion are symptoms of what type of toxicity?
  30. skeletal fluorosis, dental fluorosis, and mild fluorosis are symptoms of what type of toxicity?
  31. What is the lethal dose of fluoride for each of the following:
    under 6
    • 5-10 grams
    • .5-1.0 grams
    • 500 mg
  32. What is the safely tolerated dose for the following?
    • 1.25-2.5 g NaF
    • by weight