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BoM Who designed the crystal Palace?
BoM Hy was the crystal Palace concidered an extraordinary early modern structure
- 1. fist example of modular
- 2. prefabricated
- 3. structural
BoM Who built the St. Geneview Library
BoM Who Built the University Museum?
BoM Who designed the Victor Emmanual Gallery?
BoM Who designed the elastic Chair?
BoM Who designed the Modern gothic revival chair?
Edward W. Pugin
BoM Who designed the chair number 14, the bentwood rocker, and the corbusier chair?
BoM Who designed the tripolina chair?
Joseph Beverly Fenby
A&C Who founded the arts and crafts movement?
William Morris and John Ruskin
A&C 2 important inspirational values of the arts and crafts movement?
- q. looked back to the middle ages and renaissance for design enlightenment
- 2. good craftsmanship. (anti-machine)
A&C William Morris
English designer, goal was to turn artists into craftsmen. founded morris &co
A&C Who Designed the
A&C John Ruskin
Wrote 7 Lamps of Architecture - book pur forth and supported the phylosophy and design approach of the art and crafts movement
A&C Charles Eastlake
- Wrote Hints on household taste - promoted simplicity and rectangularity
- BEDROOM CHEST
A&C Earnest Gimson
- Arts and Craft- Produced funiture free of historical detail
- CHECKERBOARD CHEST
A&C Edward William Godwin:
- lighter, ornamental design. Anglo-Japanese stlye known as art furniture
A&C Carles Francis Annesly Voysey
- furniture was joining simple wood
- ORCHARD HOUSE
A&C Sir Arther Lasenby Liberty
Founder of Liberty Story
A&C Name the 7 Positive Contributions of the arts and crafts movements
- 1. simplified, handcrafted products for both residential and non-residential settings and established one of the first interior design studios
- 2. Simplified look added "modern" beauty
- 3. Advocated good design for everyone
- 4. exquisit fabrics and wallpapers
- 5. one of the 1st to question the machine
- 6. The Kelmscott Press: A&C press. simplified midieval floral and organic border design
- 7. The Germ: The A&C design periodical that circulated throughout England. Highly influential for informaing and educating the public
A&C Name the 4 Negative aspects of the arts and Crafts Movement
- 1. hand crafts = time consuming
- 2. handcrafted = more expensive
- 3. Turned their backs on the potential of the machine
- 4. criticizezd for "looking to the past instead of to the future"
A&C Richard Norman Shaw
principle exponents of the English Domestic revival. Homes ranging in a variety of styles from gothic revival to his own modern adaptation of the Queen Anne style. OLD SWAN HOUSE
A&C Who desidned the THEBES STOOL?
Leonard F. Wyburd
BoMiUS 2 Facts about James Bogardus
- 1. Ney York City based architect. Pioneer of cast iron frams. Published Cast Iron Buildings and their Consruction
- 2. Iron grid system paved the way for skyscrapers
Henry Hobson Richardson
- 1. Based in Boston
- 2. Helped unite the architect and the engineer. Is known as the father of American Modern Archietecture
- 3. Known as Romanesque dRevivalist and The Great Simplifier4. known for his brownstone houses
What was the Chicago School?
- architectural term to define a group of designers in Chicago. This group embraced new developments and technology
- 1. William LeBaron Jenney
- 2. Louis Sullivan
- 3. Firm of Root and Burnham
- 4. Frank Lloyd Wright
William Lebaron Jenney
- Father of the Chcago School
- Instrumental in the early development of the skyscraper
- known for his office designs
- HOME INSURANCE BUILDING (1st skyscraper)
- "Form Follows Function"
- Attended MIT took Grand Tour of Europe
- Worked in the office of William LeBaron Jenney
- "father of Modernism"
- one of the creaters of the scyscraper
- WAINWRIGHT BLD.
The evolution of the skyscraper was due to 4 uniquely American phenomenon
- 1. Chicago Fire of 1891 - provided oprotunity ot rebuild
- 2. Elevator- invented by Elisha Otis
- 3. Cast Iron Grid- developed by James Bogardus
- 4. Chicago School
Firm of Root and Burnham
- Functionally expressive architecture
- used floatinf foundations, fireproofing, greater window space, grouping windows in sections of 3 (3 = chicago school)
- RELIANCE and ROOKERY and FLATIRON
Important design features of Frank Lloyd Wright's early residential Style
- 1. Use of natural materials
- 2. Prominent low horizontal lines
- 3. Large balconies and terraces
- 4. structural design prevalent
- 5. fireplace heart of home
- 6. wide overhanging eaves
- 7. Interior open planning
- 8. built-in furniture
Wright's contributions to the Modern Movement
- 1. "organic Architecture"
- 2. the PRAIRIE home3. changed the way we look at homes for living
- 4. 2 schools for architects: Taliesin East and Taliesin West
- 6. Popular lecturer
Other important Pioneers of Modern arcitecture in the US
- George H. Wyman: BRADBURY BUILDING
- Cass Gilber : WOOLWORTH
- Willis Polk: HALLIDIE
Exteriro Feature of the A&C movement in US
- Low piched roofs- wide projecting eaves
- triangular dormers, front, side gables
- steps leading up to front porch
- grouping of windows
- short, square, sloping or clustered columns resting on substantial piers
- Shingles, plaster, brick, clinker brick
- Square "pop out" bays
- Windows with geometric designs
Interior Backgrounds (handcrafted elements) of A&C in US
- Floors: oak or chestnut
- Walls: wood, friezes, wallpaper, plain painted walls, stenciled designs
- windows: fixed or sash, bay, square windows flanking chimney
- DOors: solid oak w/ geometric designs
- Staircases: wood
- Fireplaces: wood and tile OR brick
- Ceilings: handcrafted wood beams
Published the Craftsman (1st interior design periodical of the times) influential furniture designer
Greene & Greene
A&C Furniture used stylized flowers
Designer of the Adirondack chair
- Simplified spanish, swiss chalet, gothic, and japanese.
- liked to use wood