SFL 329 Test 1
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SFL 329 Test 1
Who designed the crystal Palace?
Hy was the crystal Palace concidered an extraordinary early modern structure
1. fist example of modular
Who built the St. Geneview Library
Who Built the University Museum?
Who designed the Victor Emmanual Gallery?
Who designed the elastic Chair?
Who designed the Modern gothic revival chair?
Edward W. Pugin
Who designed the chair number 14, the bentwood rocker, and the corbusier chair?
Who designed the tripolina chair?
Joseph Beverly Fenby
Who founded the arts and crafts movement?
William Morris and John Ruskin
2 important inspirational values of the arts and crafts movement?
q. looked back to the middle ages and renaissance for design enlightenment
2. good craftsmanship. (anti-machine)
English designer, goal was to turn artists into craftsmen. founded morris &co
Who Designed the
Wrote 7 Lamps of Architecture - book pur forth and supported the phylosophy and design approach of the art and crafts movement
Wrote Hints on household taste - promoted simplicity and rectangularity
Arts and Craft- Produced funiture free of historical detail
Edward William Godwin:
lighter, ornamental design. Anglo-Japanese stlye known as art furniture
Carles Francis Annesly Voysey
furniture was joining simple wood
Sir Arther Lasenby Liberty
Founder of Liberty Story
Name the 7 Positive Contributions of the arts and crafts movements
1. simplified, handcrafted products for both residential and non-residential settings and established one of the first interior design studios
2. Simplified look added "modern" beauty
3. Advocated good design for everyone
4. exquisit fabrics and wallpapers
5. one of the 1st to question the machine
The Kelmscott Press:
A&C press. simplified midieval floral and organic border design
The A&C design periodical that circulated throughout England. Highly influential for informaing and educating the public
Name the 4 Negative aspects of the arts and Crafts Movement
1. hand crafts = time consuming
2. handcrafted = more expensive
3. Turned their backs on the potential of the machine
4. criticizezd for "looking to the past instead of to the future"
Richard Norman Shaw
principle exponents of the English Domestic revival. Homes ranging in a variety of styles from gothic revival to his own modern adaptation of the Queen Anne style.
OLD SWAN HOUSE
Who desidned the
Leonard F. Wyburd
2 Facts about James Bogardus
1. Ney York City based architect. Pioneer of cast iron frams. Published
Cast Iron Buildings and their Consruction
2. Iron grid system paved the way for skyscrapers
Henry Hobson Richardson
1. Based in Boston
2. Helped unite the architect and the engineer. Is
known as the father of American Modern Archietecture
3. Known as
The Great Simplifier
4. known for his
What was the Chicago School?
architectural term to define a group of designers in Chicago. This group embraced new developments and technology
1. William LeBaron Jenney
2. Louis Sullivan
3. Firm of Root and Burnham
4. Frank Lloyd Wright
William Lebaron Jenney
Father of the Chcago School
Instrumental in the early development of the skyscraper
known for his office designs
HOME INSURANCE BUILDING (1st skyscraper)
"Form Follows Function"
Attended MIT took Grand Tour of Europe
Worked in the office of William LeBaron Jenney
"father of Modernism"
one of the creaters of the scyscraper
The evolution of the skyscraper was due to 4 uniquely American phenomenon
1. Chicago Fire of 1891 - provided oprotunity ot rebuild
2. Elevator- invented by Elisha Otis
3. Cast Iron Grid- developed by James Bogardus
4. Chicago School
Firm of Root and Burnham
Functionally expressive architecture
used floatinf foundations, fireproofing, greater window space, grouping windows in sections of 3 (3 = chicago school)
RELIANCE and ROOKERY and FLATIRON
Important design features of Frank Lloyd Wright's early residential Style
1. Use of natural materials
2. Prominent low horizontal lines
3. Large balconies and terraces
4. structural design prevalent
5. fireplace heart of home
6. wide overhanging eaves
7. Interior open planning
8. built-in furniture
Wright's contributions to the Modern Movement
1. "organic Architecture"
the PRAIRIE home
3. changed the way we look at homes for living
4. 2 schools for architects: Taliesin East and Taliesin West
6. Popular lecturer
Other important Pioneers of Modern arcitecture in the US
George H. Wyman
Exteriro Feature of the A&C movement in US
Low piched roofs- wide projecting eaves
triangular dormers, front, side gables
steps leading up to front porch
grouping of windows
short, square, sloping or clustered columns resting on substantial piers
Shingles, plaster, brick, clinker brick
Square "pop out" bays
Windows with geometric designs
Interior Backgrounds (handcrafted elements) of A&C in US
: oak or chestnut
: wood, friezes, wallpaper, plain painted walls, stenciled designs
: fixed or sash, bay, square windows flanking chimney
: solid oak w/ geometric designs
: wood and tile OR brick
: handcrafted wood beams
Published the Craftsman (1st interior design periodical of the times) influential furniture designer
Greene & Greene
A&C Furniture used stylized flowers
Designer of the
Simplified spanish, swiss chalet, gothic, and japanese.
liked to use wood