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Timing of Maturation...
...varies from one child to the next
Females growth cycles...
...more orderly and stable
specific time when skill may be learned. ONLY during that time
- sudden process that Lorenz discovered.
- Ex. Ducks will imprint on mom within 16 hrs.
Human Critical Periods
- 1. Foreign Language=before age 12
- 2. Math and Logic=birth to 4 years
- 3. Music=3 to 10 years
"supposedly raised by animals
parents and their kids
nuclear plus other relatives
2/3 of all Moms...
...have jobs outside the home
...still do most of the housework and 90% of the cooking and shopping
Working outside the home-
most important thing is not the amount of time spent with kids, but whether children "feel" loved and cared for
3 Stayles of Parenting
- 1. Authoritarian
- 2. Permissive
- 3. Authoritative
dictator. harsh punishment is used
democracy. children are involved in decisions that efect them 2 yrs. and up
finances and stress
. If babies well cared for
. Self control and assertion
but if criticized too much
, they doubt
- 5-puberty=Industry(pride) vs. Inferiority(criticism)
- Later Adulthood=Integrity. Accepting good and bad over a lifetime vs. Despair. Facing death with nothing but regrets
the child is passive like a peice of clay to shape
the child is the shaper
Sensory Motor Stage
- Sensations and movements
- Object performance=10 months old
- Seperation Anxiety=1 year of age
- -2-7 years
- -Vocab epands
- -Language happens fast
Concrete Operations Stage
- -7-11 years
- -conservation is understood
- -11 years and up
- -highest level of thought
Kholberg's Theory of Moral Development
-Preconventional=younger than 6. Sheer Power of outside authority. Child focuses on being punished or rewarded.
-Conventional=7-11 years. Based on expectations of others. Seek approval of others
-Postconventional=11 years and up. personal ethics and human rights. small # of people reach this level
- 1. Oral Stage=boys dont get what they want for 1st time
- 2. Phalic Stage=Boys and girls must identify and internalize moral standards: boys w/ dad, girls w/ mom
- 3. Oedipal Conflict=crisis
- 4. Sumblimation= latency stage, redirect sexual desires