carbon formulas

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Author:
dekupar
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65308
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carbon formulas
Updated:
2011-02-28 16:20:42
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carbon formulas
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carbon formulas
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  1. Alkanes
    CNH2n+2
  2. Cycloalkanes
    CNH2n
  3. Alkyl
    CNH2n+1
  4. Alkenes
    CNH2n
  5. Alkynes
    CNH2n-2
  6. Aromatics (Benzene)
    CNH2n-6
  7. Alcohol
    R-OH
  8. Ether
    R-O-R
  9. Aldehyde
    • O
    • //
    • C-H
    • R
  10. Ketones
    • O
    • //
    • C-R
    • R
  11. Thiols
    R-S-H
  12. Carboxyic Acid
    • O
    • //
    • C-OH
    • R
  13. Acid chlorides
    R-C(=O)-Cl
  14. acid anhydrides
    R-C(=O)-O-C(=O)-R
  15. Ester
    R-C(=O)-O-R
  16. Phosphoric acid, diphosphoric acid, and triphosphoric acid
    look in notes
  17. Primary amines
    R-NH2
  18. Amides
    R-C(=O)-NH2
  19. Boiling points from highest to lowest
    • 1.carboxyic acids
    • 2.alcohols
    • 3.aldehydes and ketones
    • 4.alkenes and ethers
  20. IUPAC priority from highest to lowest
    • 1.carboxylic acids
    • 2.aldehydes
    • 3.ketones
    • 4.alcohol
    • 5.amine
    • 6.alkene=alkyne
    • 7.alkane
    • 8.ether

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