Anatomy Chapter 15
Card Set Information
Anatomy Chapter 15
Pelvic Girdle & Lower Extremity
What four bones make up the adult pelvis?
sacrum, coccyx, right & left ox coxae
Which of the bones of the pelvis make up the pelvic girdle?
What are two anatomical terms for what is commonaly called the "hipbone"?
ox coxae & innominate bone
What is the plural of "os coxae"?
With what features of the sacrum does the pelvic girdle articulate?
left & right auricular surface
With what feature of the pelvic girdle does the head of the femur articulate?
What is the largest and most superior of the three bones of the os coxae?
What is the wing-shaped portion of the ilium?
What depression lies on the medial side of the ilium?
What features on the lateral side of the ilium are formed by the gluteal muscles?
anterior, posterior & inferior gluteal lines
What ear-shaped feature of the ilium articulates with the sacrum?
auricular surface of the ilium
What is the superior ridge of the ilium?
What is the anterior termination of the superior ridge of the ilium?
anterior superior iliac spine
What is the posterior termination of the superior ridge of the ilium?
posterior superior iliac spine
What features lies inferior to the ala of the ilium anteriorly and posteriorly?
anterior & posterior inferior iliac spine
Through what part of the ilium does the sciatic nerve pass?
greater sciatic notch
What is the most inferior bone of the os coxae?
What is the prominent triangular projection of bone posterior to the acetabulum?
What rough projections of the pelvic girdle bear the weight of the body in the sitting position?
What portion of the ischium fuses with the pubis medially?
What is the most anterior of the three bones forming the os coxae?
What part of the pubis articulates with the pubis on the opposite side of the body?
What part of the pubis fuses with the ischium?
What part of the pubis originates at the anterior margin of the acetabulum?
What opening in the os coxae is formed by the pubis and ischium?
With what feature of the pubis does the inguinal ligament attach?
What is the articulation between the bodies of the pubic bones?
On what feature of the pubis does a comb-like muscle originate?
What feature of the pelvis extends from the pubic crest, pectineal line, and arcuate line to the rounded inferior edge of the sacral ala and sacral promontory?
What portion of the pelvic cavity lies inferiorly and forms a deep bowl?
What portion of the pelvic cavity lies superiorly and is enclosed by the ala of the iliac bones?
What is the opening surrounded by the pelvic brim?
What opening of the pelvic cavity is bordered by the coccyx, the ischial tuberosities, and the inferior border of the pubic symphysis?
What part of the femu articulates with the acetabulum?
What depression in the proximal portion of the femur accommodates the attachment of a ligament?
What is the constricted, proximal portion of the femur?
What is the long, central portion of the femur?
What is the proximolateral projection of the femur palpable on the lateral side of the hip?
What is the femoral projection on the proximal posteromedial surface?
What is the thick, oblique ridge of bone on the proximal, posterior side of the femur between the trochanters?
What feature runs between the trochanters anteriorly?
Onto what feature of the femur does the pectineus insert?
Onto what feature of the femur does the gluteus maximus insert?
What is the elevated ridge on the posterior midline of the femur?
What features of the femur border the popliteal surface medially and laterally?
medial & lateral supracondylar lines
What feature of the femur is the site of attachment for the adductor magnus?
What parts of the femur articulate with the tibia?
medial & lateral condyles
What prominent bony structures lie on the medial and lateral sides of the femur distally?
medial & lateral epicondyles
What part of the femur articulates with the patella?
What is the broad, superior portion of the patella?
What part of the patella points inferiorly?
From lateral to medial list the bones of the leg.
fibula & tibia
What parts of the tibis articulate with the femur?
medial & lateral condyles
What ridge of bone lies on the midline of the tibia's superior surface?
Proximally what part of the tibia articulates with the fibula?
fibular articular facet
Onto what feature of the tibia does the patellar ligament attach?
What ridge of bone lies on the anterior of the tibia's shaft?
What is the hammer-like structure of the tibia that forms the prominence on the medial side of the ankle?
What feature of the tibia forms the inferior tibiofibular joint?
distal articular joint
What is the proximal end of the fibula?
What is the distal end of the fibula?
What is the collective term for the short bones of the ankle?
What is the heel bone?
Which of the tarsals articulates with the tibia?
Which of the tarsals is distal to the talus on the medial side of the foot?
Which of the tarsals forms the proximal row?
talus, calcaneus, navicular
From medial to lateral, list the tarsals of the distal row.
medial cuneiform, intermediate cuneiform, lateral cuneiform, & cuboid bone
What are the long bones in the middle of the foot?
What are the bones of the toes?
What are the two bones in the great toe?
proximal & distal phalanges
What are the three bones in digits 2-5 of the foot?
proximal, middle, & distal
List the three arches of the foot.
medial longitude, lateral longitude, & transverse arch
Which arch of the foot is formed by the calcaneus, talus, navicular, and cuneiform bones?
Which arch of the foot is formed by the calcaneus and the cuboid and metatarsals IV and V?
Which arch of the foot is formed by the distal row of tarsals and the bases of all give metatarsals?