ARTICULATION DISORDERS

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jburrell3
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65407
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ARTICULATION DISORDERS
Updated:
2011-02-09 21:54:23
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Articulation disorders
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Test review 1 for articulation disorders
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  1. Speech sounds, speech sound production rules for combining speech sounds
    Phonology
  2. Speech sound production acoustic properties
    Phonetics
  3. Sounds change over time
    Historical Phonetics
  4. Analysis of physiological movements and acoustic properties with instrumentation
    Experimental Phonetics
  5. How physiological systems work to produce sound
    Articulatory Phonetics
  6. Properties of sound waves
    Acoustic Phonetics
  7. Sound awareness, sound interpretation (discrimination)
    Perceptual Phonetics
  8. Application, the study of speech disorders
    Clinical Phonetics
  9. A category of sounds
    Phoneme
  10. Minimal meaningful unit of sound
    Morpheme
  11. A morpheme that has meaning on its own
    Free Morpheme
  12. A morpheme that is connected to something else
    Bound Morpheme
  13. Study of sound differences in a language
    Phonemics
  14. Variation within a phonemic class
    Allophone
  15. Letters and letter combos that represent the same sound
    Allographs
  16. Enclosed in virgules / / also known as phonemic transciption
    Broad Phonetic Transcription
  17. Sounds that individuals actually produce; Consists of allophone and phones and enclosed in brackets [ ]
    Narrow Phonetic Transcription
  18. Indicate additional modifications of the sound
    Diacritic Markings
  19. Oral, nasal, and pharyngeal
    Cavities
  20. Tongue, lips, velum, and mandible
    Moveable Articulators
  21. Hard palate, teeth, and alveolar ridge
    Immoveable Articulators
  22. Breathing; Air necessary for speech
    Respiration
  23. Some narrowing or closing of the vocal tract
    Consonants
  24. Consonants produced side by side with no vowel between
    Consonant Clusters
  25. Prevocalic, postvocalic, intervocalic, initial, medial, final, releasing, and arresting
    Positional Terminology
  26. The ability to define the number of syllables in a word
    Syllabication
  27. Pure vowel
    Monophthong
  28. Vowels of changing resonance and have an onglide or offglide
    Diphthong
  29. (L,M,N) Text includes /r/ but its not usually used
    Syllabics
  30. Open vocal folds, specific position of lips, tongue, and pharynx, lips, lengthened, shorten, vocal tract, tongue position: enlarges or clears the side of the vocal tract, maybe described as tense: longer duration, more muscle tension or lax: shorten duration, appear only in closed syllables, presence or absence of lip rounding and stress
    Vowel Production Characteristics
  31. Phonemic; lengthening the vowel into diphthong changes the meaning (phonemic difference)
    Contrastive
  32. Nonphonemic; lengthening the vowel into a diphthong doesn't change the meaning (phonetic difference)
    Noncontrastive
  33. Classified according to manner, place, and voice
    Consonant Articulation
  34. Same manner and place but different in voice
    Cognant Pairs
  35. Bilabial, labiodental, lingua dental, lingua alveolar, lingua palatal, lingua velar, and glottal
    Places of articulation
  36. Stop, fricatives, affricates, nasals, liquids, glides,
    Manners of articulation
  37. Oral cavity is sealed at some point
    Burst of noise
    Short duration
    Occur in cognate pairs
    p,b,t,d,k,g
    Obstruent
    Stops
  38. Velopharyx closed
    High air pressure
    Narrow constriction
    Fricatives
  39. Subclass of fricatives- Obstruents
    Sibilants
  40. Stop followed by a fricative
    Obstructed airway followed by a quick release- velo port closed
    Obstruent
    Affricates
  41. Velum is lowered and nasal resonance takes place
    Nasal radiation
    Velopharynx closed and the vocal tract is lengthened
    sonorant
    Nasal
  42. Vocal tract is open (semi vowel) a graduation: Gliding transition
    May be called approximates or sonorants
    Glides
  43. Two classes: rhotic and lateral
    Semi vowel
    Rhotic: /r/ allophones: bunched and retroflex
    Lateral /l/ is the only sound in english requiring lateral airflow
    Approximants, sonorants
    Liquids
  44. Sound inventory of a language
    Allowable sound combinations
    Acceptable allophonic variations
    Morphophonemics
    Phonological rules

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