phonology

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Author:
jmli780
ID:
65415
Filename:
phonology
Updated:
2011-02-11 15:30:12
Tags:
ling
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Description:
ling 101 part 1 of 2nd midterm
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  1. rules that derive phonetic representations from underlying representations, accounting for alternations among allophones
    phonological rules
  2. a characteristic of certain non-linguistic approaches to grammar in that they seek to prescribe one system in preference to another
    prescriptive
  3. one sound influencing the articulation of the other in a sequence of phonetic segments
    coarticulation
  4. the nasalizing effect that a nasal consonant can have on adjacent vowels
    nazalization
  5. a mark added to a phonetic symbol to alter its value in some way(eg. a circle under a symbol to indicate voicelessness)
    diacritic
  6. a process in which a monophthong becomes a dipathong
    dipathongization
  7. variants of phoneme,usually in complementary distribution and phonetically similar
    allophones
  8. the element or elements for which a head is subcategorized and which provide information about entities and locations whose existance is implied by the meaning of the head
    complement
  9. variants of a phoneme that never occur in the same phonetic environment are in complementary distribution
    complementary distribution
  10. the set of elements with which an item can co-occur
    distribution
  11. sounds are in free variation when they do not contrast can occur in identical phonetic environments and are phonetically similar
    free variation
  12. two forms with distinct meaning that differ by only one segment found in the same position in each form
    minimal pair
  13. vowels that are perceived as relatively more prominent due to the combined effects of pitch loudness and length
    stressed vowels
  14. different in pronunciation but not indicating a difference in meaning
    Allophonic
  15. a consonant maintained for roughly twice the normal duration of the corresponding single consonant
    geminate
  16. violating the phonological rules of a language
    Ill-formed
  17. a distinction between two sounds(or sequence of sounds) which corresponds to a difference in the meaning of words either by itself or as the primary distinction among a set of cues.
    Phonemic
  18. a nonsense word which satisfies the phonological rules of the language
    possible word
  19. as applied to phonetic distinctions unlikely to be misperceived due to strong cues
    robust
  20. obeying the phonological rules and language
    well formed

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