organisimal review 2

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organisimal review 2
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2010-02-10 00:28:40
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biol 1030 Test 1 Review # 2
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biol 1030 - Test 1 - (Review # 2)
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  1. In this phylumm, all memebrs form endomycorrhizae within the roots of higer plants, called arbuscular mycorrhizae
    Glomeromycota
  2. one of the unique things about members of the Bacillariophyta is the presence of
    frustules
  3. The red stigma of Euglena functions primarly for
    phototaxis
  4. Elaters of liverworts and peristome teeth of mosses function in
    spore dispersal
  5. In plants a female gamete container is known as a
    archegonium
  6. The characteristics of bryophytes are
    • dominant gametophyte generation
    • flagellated sperm
    • small size
    • sporic meiosis
  7. The only motile fungi (with a motile stage) are memebrs of the Phylum
    Basidiomycota
  8. Chalmydomonas, a single celled, green alga is a member of th phylum
    Chlorophyta
  9. In the life cycle of Chlamydomonas the dormant zygospore is formed by what cellular process
    Meiosis
  10. What kind of pseudopod is typically produced by the Foraminifera
    reticulopod
  11. Spinning, flagellate protist with 2 cellulos plants in their cell walls and 2 flagella including hte red tide organisim are members of
    dinoflagella
  12. Prokaryotes that linve in environments without oxygen are
    anaerobic
  13. extreme halophiles are organisms tha tlive in enviornmets with
    hig salt conditions
  14. both a haloid and a diploid organism exist in species that exhibit
    sporic meiosis
  15. The smalles of all living cells, bacteria without cell walls are the:
    mycoplasmas
  16. Which protist phyla is charcterized by flagellates like Giardia with 2 large nuclei?
    Diplomonadida
  17. Plant phyla exhibit sexual reproductive cycles of
    sporic meiosis
  18. fungi exhibit sexual reproductive cycles of
    zygotic meiosis
  19. Testate ameboids (sarcodines) of the phylum Foraminifera are found in
    marine waters
  20. In the life cycles of fungi, dikaryotic cells form diplod cells by
    karyogamy
  21. photosynthetic memebers of the domain bacteria include the
    cyanobacteria
  22. when the gametophyte and the sporophyte look diffrent it is called
    heteromorphic
  23. A mass of thread-like fungal strands is called
    mycelium
  24. What do many of the imperfect fungal strands is called
    mycelium
  25. In the scientific name Elaphe gutatta, gutta is the
    specific epithet
  26. In myxogastrid slime molds, a single mass of cytoplasm with many diploid nuclei is called a
    plasmodium
  27. Differing rates of evolution are considered by traditional (evolutionary) biologist who name taxa containing only some of the descendents of a single common ancestor. such a group is refferd to as
    paraphyletic
  28. Some ciliate protists like Euplotes locomote with leg-like tuffs of cilia called
    cirri
  29. The classification scheme of organisms followed by your text book and used in this class involves
    3 domains and 6 kingdoms
  30. In "alteration of generations" WHAT changes (altrantes from generation to generation ?
    • Haploid/ diploid
    • gametophyte/sporophyte
    • gamete bearing plant/spore bearing plant
  31. In fungi, dikaryotic or heterokaryotic hyphae are produced by
    plasmogamy
  32. in a basidiocarp, the layer covering hte gills ( where zygotes are formed) are called the
    hymenium
  33. a cluster-like colony of rod-shaped bacterial cells i referred to as
    straphylobacillus
  34. Parasitic ameboid protist are found in the phylum
    entamoeba
  35. As pseudopods are formed
    ectoplasm makes up the pseudopod and endoplasm makes up the rest of the cell
  36. In the life cycle of bryophytes
    the organsism is haploid
  37. ____ is involved in asexual reproduction
    gemma cup
  38. Many fungi exhibit a single-celled growth form know as
    hypha
  39. Netganogens are members of
    Archaea
  40. Composite organisms, consisting of a mycobiont and a photobiont
    lichen
  41. algae adapte to deep marine waters with red pigments are members of the phylum
    Rhodophyta
  42. The evolutionary history of a taxon is referred to as its
    phylogeny
  43. A zone growth in any plant, including the base of a kelp balde can be reffered to as an
    meristem
  44. According to a very popular hypothese, mitochrondira and chloroplasts are throught to have evolved by
    serial endosymbosis
  45. contactile vaculoes function for
    osmotic regulation
  46. Which Phylum is a group of parasitic flagellates whit a parabasla body, including the Trichomonas vaginalis
    parabasala
  47. which type of psuedopod is stiff and reinforced by microtubules
    axopodia
  48. Things that are called spores vary in chromosome number and mode of production; but they are never
    gametes
  49. _____ are always diploid
    sporophytes
  50. ____ refers to a derived charcteristic that is found in a number of diffrent taxa
    synapoorphic

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