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Sociology study guide
Chapter 1.2.3 study guide, 50 questions
What is the definitions of Sociology?
Systematic study of human society, social groups and social interactions
What is the definition of Role?
Norms specifying the rights and obligations associated with status
What is the definition of 'The sociological imagination' by C. Wright Mills?
Problem can be either personal or public that determine issues in society
What is the difference between public and personal troubles?
Public is external outside forces and personal are you own actions causing troubles
What is meant by 'Social sciences'?
Research should be based on systematic examination of the evidence
What are factors that contributed to the development of sociology?
Political, economic, and intellectual upheavals in the 18th and 19th century
Who has been given credit for founding Sociology?
What is positivism?
The idea a social world can be study with scientific accuracy
What is Herbert Spencers contribution to Sociology?
Society adapts to environment and must study studied without any bias
What are Karl Marx contribution to Sociology?
Economic determinism and dialectic
What is Economic Determinism?
Economic relationships are foundation to all social and political issues
What is Dialectic?
Th view that conflict between parts of society cause change
What was Durkheim's work devoted to understanding?
What did Durkheim refer as community standards of morality?
The collective conscience
According to Max Weber, Where did ideological foundation of capitalism come from?
It came from Religious values like: self discipline, thrift
What did Jane Adams use social science data for?
Improve work condition, improve Juvenile justice, services for the poor, public Sanitation
Which approach for sociology did Max Weber develop?
Value Free, study what is, not what ought to be
Who devoted career to combating racism?
How does Sociology in the U.S. differ from Europe?
Europe focuses on broad theory and U.S. on understanding and solving
Which major perspective questions social organization and how maintained?
Which theory want to know how social structure give unequal access to scare resources?
What does conflict between competing interest result in?
What does Symbolic Interaction theory address?
Subjective meaning of human acts which develop and are shared
What is the major premise underlying symbolic interactionism?
How relationships form
What are two major goals of research?
Accurate description and Accurate explanation
What is the definition of Culture?
Way of life shared by members of a community
What are examples of Material Culture?
Tools, streets, sculptures and bridges
What are examples of Non-Material Culture?
Language, values and rules
Which approach is more interested in how cultures shape individuals?
What is the definition of Cultural Capital?
Knowledge and information that separate the social classes
Which perspective focuses on the people find in culture and how it is created?
Where do both Structural Function and Conflict theory agree concerning culture?
Culture is problem solving, relative and a social product
Tendency to judge other cultures based on the norms in your culture
What are examples of Ethnocentrism?
foods, religious practices, funeral practices
Define Cultural Relativity?
Cultural traits should be evaluated in the context of the culture
What is the conclusion of Ethnocentrism?
Believing our way is best limits a culture from adopting ideas from others
What does 'Culture as a Social product' mean?
It is a social issue not caused by Biological reasons
Study of the Biological basis of human behaviors
What are the carriers of Culture?
Language, Values and Norms
Shared ideas about desired goals
What Values are shared between most cultures?
Stability, security, family, and good health
Shared rules of conduct or How to act
Norms associated with a strong idea o right and wrong
What are Laws?
Rules sanctioned by the Government
Rewards for conformity and punishment for non-conformance
The fact that 1/2 of Men and Women have committed adultery shows example of what?
What are sub-cultures?
Groups that share the overall culture but have distinctive values
What are counter-cultures?
Group with values and interest that are different from the larger culture
Process of when an individual adopts the dominant groups values
The U.S. is sometimes referred to as a 'salad bowl' rather than 'melting pot' Why?
U.S. is seen as being multicultural
What is multiculturalism?
Belief that different cultural strands in a culture is good
Define Cultural Diffusion?
When one culture is combined with another one
What is meant by the Globalization of Culture?
Cultural elements spread across the globe
What is popular culture?
Aspects of culture that are widely shared