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2011-02-09 23:58:31
Sociology study guide

Chapter 1.2.3 study guide, 50 questions
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  1. What is the definitions of Sociology?
    Systematic study of human society, social groups and social interactions
  2. What is the definition of Role?
    Norms specifying the rights and obligations associated with status
  3. What is the definition of 'The sociological imagination' by C. Wright Mills?
    Problem can be either personal or public that determine issues in society
  4. What is the difference between public and personal troubles?
    Public is external outside forces and personal are you own actions causing troubles
  5. What is meant by 'Social sciences'?
    Research should be based on systematic examination of the evidence
  6. What are factors that contributed to the development of sociology?
    Political, economic, and intellectual upheavals in the 18th and 19th century
  7. Who has been given credit for founding Sociology?
    Auguste Comete
  8. What is positivism?
    The idea a social world can be study with scientific accuracy
  9. What is Herbert Spencers contribution to Sociology?
    Society adapts to environment and must study studied without any bias
  10. What are Karl Marx contribution to Sociology?
    Economic determinism and dialectic
  11. What is Economic Determinism?
    Economic relationships are foundation to all social and political issues
  12. What is Dialectic?
    Th view that conflict between parts of society cause change
  13. What was Durkheim's work devoted to understanding?
    Social stability
  14. What did Durkheim refer as community standards of morality?
    The collective conscience
  15. According to Max Weber, Where did ideological foundation of capitalism come from?
    It came from Religious values like: self discipline, thrift
  16. What did Jane Adams use social science data for?
    Improve work condition, improve Juvenile justice, services for the poor, public Sanitation
  17. Which approach for sociology did Max Weber develop?
    Value Free, study what is, not what ought to be
  18. Who devoted career to combating racism?
    W.E.B. Dubois
  19. How does Sociology in the U.S. differ from Europe?
    Europe focuses on broad theory and U.S. on understanding and solving
  20. Which major perspective questions social organization and how maintained?
    Structural Functionalism
  21. Which theory want to know how social structure give unequal access to scare resources?
    Conflict Theory
  22. What does conflict between competing interest result in?
    Social change
  23. What does Symbolic Interaction theory address?
    Subjective meaning of human acts which develop and are shared
  24. What is the major premise underlying symbolic interactionism?
    How relationships form
  25. What are two major goals of research?
    Accurate description and Accurate explanation
  26. What is the definition of Culture?
    Way of life shared by members of a community
  27. What are examples of Material Culture?
    Tools, streets, sculptures and bridges
  28. What are examples of Non-Material Culture?
    Language, values and rules
  29. Which approach is more interested in how cultures shape individuals?
  30. What is the definition of Cultural Capital?
    Knowledge and information that separate the social classes
  31. Which perspective focuses on the people find in culture and how it is created?
    Conflict Theory
  32. Where do both Structural Function and Conflict theory agree concerning culture?
    Culture is problem solving, relative and a social product
  33. Define ethnocentrism?
    Tendency to judge other cultures based on the norms in your culture
  34. What are examples of Ethnocentrism?
    foods, religious practices, funeral practices
  35. Define Cultural Relativity?
    Cultural traits should be evaluated in the context of the culture
  36. What is the conclusion of Ethnocentrism?
    Believing our way is best limits a culture from adopting ideas from others
  37. What does 'Culture as a Social product' mean?
    It is a social issue not caused by Biological reasons
  38. Define Sociobiology?
    Study of the Biological basis of human behaviors
  39. What are the carriers of Culture?
    Language, Values and Norms
  40. Define Values?
    Shared ideas about desired goals
  41. What Values are shared between most cultures?
    Stability, security, family, and good health
  42. Define Norms?
    Shared rules of conduct or How to act
  43. Define Mores?
    Norms associated with a strong idea o right and wrong
  44. What are Laws?
    Rules sanctioned by the Government
  45. Define Sanctions?
    Rewards for conformity and punishment for non-conformance
  46. The fact that 1/2 of Men and Women have committed adultery shows example of what?
  47. What are sub-cultures?
    Groups that share the overall culture but have distinctive values
  48. What are counter-cultures?
    Group with values and interest that are different from the larger culture
  49. Define Assimilation?
    Process of when an individual adopts the dominant groups values
  50. The U.S. is sometimes referred to as a 'salad bowl' rather than 'melting pot' Why?
    U.S. is seen as being multicultural
  51. What is multiculturalism?
    Belief that different cultural strands in a culture is good
  52. Define Cultural Diffusion?
    When one culture is combined with another one
  53. What is meant by the Globalization of Culture?
    Cultural elements spread across the globe
  54. What is popular culture?
    Aspects of culture that are widely shared