neuroscience 5 part 1

Card Set Information

Author:
ankurkum
ID:
65563
Filename:
neuroscience 5 part 1
Updated:
2011-02-10 19:17:15
Tags:

Folders:

Description:
5 1
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user ankurkum on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Three phases of neural development
    • 1 genesis of neurons
    • 2 outgrowth of axons and dendrites
    • 3 refinement of synaptic connections
  2. PNS
    • perpheral nervous system
    • neural crest
  3. CNS
    neural tube
  4. anterior and posterior
    rostral and caudal
  5. In embroy 3 cell layers
    • Ectoderm-nervours system + skin,
    • mesoderm-bones +muscle
    • endoderm-internal organs
  6. Closure of neural tube
    • -happens early in embryonic development
    • in human 22 days after conception (~3weeks)
    • -if neural tube doesn't close
    • .birth defects
    • -1/500 live births
  7. Neural tube defects
    • -middle of neural tube closes first
    • -failure of anterior (rostral ) part of neural tube to close
    • .no forebrain forms = anencephanly
    • .fatal
    • -failure of posteror (candal) part of neural tube to close
    • .malformation of spinal cord spina bifida
    • -usually not fatal
    • -paralysis
  8. How can incidence of neural tube defects can be reduced by 90% ?
    If enought folic acid in maternal diet at time of neural tube closure
  9. What are recommends of folic acid
    • -cdc recommends .4mg/day
    • -in the u.s food is fortified w/ folic acid
    • -take extra before planning pregnancy
  10. what happen after neural tube closes
    • -progenitor cells start to divide
    • -give rise to neurons
    • . once differentiated into neurons-stop dividing
    • . some progentior cells (neural stem cells) stay: adult neurogenisis
    • -in humans neurogenesis occurs betwen 5th week and 5th month of pregenacy
    • -at peack 250000 new neurons/ min

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview