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What is leadership?
The ability to make strategic decisions and use communication effectively to mobilize group members toward achieving a common goal.
What are the types of Position Power?
- Legitimate Power - relies on job title
- Reward Power - controls and gives out valued resources
- Coercive Power - Controls and deals out sanctions and punishments
- Infromational Power - controls and transmits info and resources.
What are the types of personal power?
- Expert power - relies on expertise and credentials
- Referent power - relies on members' high opinion of and experiences with the leader.
- Persuavive power - relies on effective communication skills.
- Charismatic power - relies on leader's character, competence and vitality.
How are designated leaders different from emergent leaders?
- Designated leaders are selected by group members or outside authority.
- Emergent leaders gradually achieve leadership by helping the group achieve its goals.
In the Styles Theory, are democratic leaders usually the best?
When are autocratic leaders effective?
In a crisis or chaotic situation.
When are laissez-faire leaders effective?
In mature and highly productive groups.
What are negatives to a task-motivated leader who get the job done even at the cost of getting along with other members?
- Ignore group morale.
- May do the work of other members because they are not satisfied.
What are negatives to a relationship-motivated leader who gets along with other members at the cost of getting the job done?
- May ignore task requirements
- Tolerate disruptive members
- Appear inefficient and weak
- Do the work of other members to avoid asking them to do more.
What are the 5-M's in the 5-M model of leadership effectiveness?
- Model leadership behaviour
- Motivate members
- Manage group process
- Make decisions
- Mentor members