Card Set Information
properties of music, instrument families ect.
tone color or timbre
describes itself with words like
contributes to continuity
commonly woman voice
Commonly woman voice
Alto (or Contralto)
Commonly woman voice
Commonly man voice
commonly man voice
commonly man voice
Six Instrument Catagories
What are three main string instruments?
Name three woodwinds.
Name three brass instruments.
Name two percussion instruments.
Chimes- definite pitch
Snare drum- indefinite pitch
Name two keyboard instruments.
the basic pace of the music.
very slow (broad)
very slow (solemn)
moderatly slow (walking pace)
keeps some elements while changing others.
The length of time a musical note sounds.
Is the flow of music thru time, it is also the essential feature of a melody's personality.
When pitch falls above or below the staff horizontal lines.
Used for higher notes (right hand on piano)
Used for lower notes (left hand on piano)
A combination of the treble & bass cleff staves.
Is another way to lengthen duration of a note.
the distance in "pitch" between two tones.
Higher in pitch by a 1/2 step.
Lower in pitch by a 1/2 step.
A-B-C-D-E-F & G
White keys on the piano. (neither flat or sharp notes)
Different layers of sound heard at once.
More than one singer or instrument is "unison" which is a richer sound.
Several melodic lines compete for attention.
This adds dimension, and often contains imitation.
EX. row, row, your boat
Is best describe as between "mono" and "poly" phonics.
Attention is focused on the melody.
the organization of musical elements in time.
pitch, tone color, dynamics, rythm, melody & texture
Creates a sense of unity.
Is an unstable tone combination, its tension demands onward motion to a stable chord.
When dissonance moves to consonance.
As Fast As Possible
Is a system of writing music so that specific pitches & Rythms can be communicated.
Indicates exact pitches by an upward or downward symbol.
A set of 5 horizontal lines, the higher the note on the horizontal line, the higher the pitch.
Shows music for each instrument.
Is a series of single notes that add up to make a recognizable whole.
A smooth, connected style of tones.
A short detached style of tones.
A resting place at end of phrase or at point of arrival.
The way chords are constructed and how they follow each other.
A stable tone combination of a point of arrival, rest and resolution.
2 notes at once.
rocking hand while pressing string.
a muffle on the bridge
Rapidly repeats tones with quick up and down strokes of bow.
High pitch noises when strings are lightly touche.
5/8 very rare
7/8 very rare
Dotted Half Note
hold for three beats
Is a melody used as the basis for a musical composition.
Begins with vibrations on object, then vibrates in our eardrum and transmit this to brain, then selected , organized and interpreted.
Is the relative high and low sounds we hear.
In music, a sound that has definate pitch.
The distance between the lowest and highest tones that voice or instrument can produce.
The degree of loudness or softness in music. Power to impact the listner.
EX. "We've only just began" Carpentars
PP very soft
MP modertly soft
MF moderatly loud
> Desrescendo / Diminvendo
A disturbance, or interuption of regular flow of rythm.
EX. "I can see clearly now" "Montego Bay"
Gives note a louder sound than notes around it.
What are the original 4 main cultures in music?
3. Greeks (main ones to establish art & music)
What instrument did Hermes invent?
the lure, originated from kicking shell on beach and sound it produced.
Zules of africa, by stretching skin over a log.
Why is piano a percussion?
because you strike it to play.
Who created the trumpet?
What was the instrument called?
Tritan, was Greek god, that was half man and fish.
Trident was a 3 prong instrument.
Romans and trumpet
They were warriors and worked allot with metals, that eventually made trumpets out of metal.
Who was Pan?
he was a god of greece, would run through meadows with flute. he was half man and half goat.
Greeks significance in music and art?
they loved health, beauty, poetry, plays, and music and were democratic people
famouse for writing dramas
discovered "octive" scale
popular with Greeks
Uses all white notes only. Depended on mood they were in.
Chorus set moods for plays, not so much the musicians.
hold sound out as long as you can, until conductor stops.
to get slower
appears at beggining of piece and again if changed.
X/ top number is key signature
/X bottom is, how many beats in a measure.
4/4 four beats
3/4 Most common
Lines on Treble
Space notes on Treble
Line notes on Bass
Space notes on Bass