BMR-Ch 19 Safety and Hazardous Materials

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BMR-Ch 19 Safety and Hazardous Materials
2011-07-19 16:19:35
NAVY advancement

Basic Military Requirements Safety and Hazardous Materials CHAPTER 19
Show Answers:

  1. What types of naval ships are inherently dangerous?
    Ans: Warships
  2. What program was designed to follow established procedures in conducting the day-to-day business aboard
    • ship?
    • Ans: Shipboard Safety Program
  3. Name the four evolutions and conditions that greatly increase the dangers of being at sea?
    • Ans: Underway Replenishment
    • Flight Operations
    • Testing Weapon Systems
    • Weather
  4. What term is often used in referring to an incident that just happen?
    Ans: Mishap
  5. Mishaps don’t just happen; they are caused? (True False)
    Ans: True
  6. What program places special emphasis on observing certain precautions?
    Ans: Shipboard Safety Program
  7. Name the three publications that contain safety precautions for each equipment or task?
    • Ans: Operator’s Manual
    • Technical Manual
    • PMS Card
  8. What type of environment introduces factors affecting safety that are not found ashore?
    Ans: Shipboard
  9. What program stresses constant awareness of the hazard of being at sea?
    Ans: Shipboard Safety Program
  10. What are the seven responsibilities for safety?
    • Ans: Observe all safety precautions
    • Report unsafe conditions
    • Warn others of hazards
    • Wear protective equipment
    • Report all injuries
    • Remain alert
    • Don’t rush into a job
  11. Name the shipboard environments that are dangerous?
    • Ans: Powerful Machinery
    • Wind and Waves
    • High-Speed Equipment
    • High Explosive
  12. Who should you report unsafe practices or condition to?
    Ans: Supervisors
  13. What are technical bulletins that contain information about hazardous material?
    Ans: MSDS
  14. What does the acronym MSDS means?
    Ans: Material Safety Data Sheet
  15. What are the two factors that MSDS are based on?
    • Ans: Testing
    • Research
  16. What must manufactures provide to hazardous material users?
    Ans: MSDS
  17. What language must MSDS be in?
    Ans: English
  18. Who can you check within the command about hazardous material?
    Ans: Hazardous Material/Hazardous Waste Coordinator
  19. What instruction directs you to follow the MSDS guidelines when handling hazardous material?
    Ans: OPNAVINST 5100.19
  20. What is the major concern of Navy personnel (crew and passengers) aboard small boats?
    Ans: Safety
  21. What tells material users how to use, store, and dispose of hazardous material?
    Ans: MSDS
  22. What are the precautions that should be followed when on or boarding a boat?
    • Ans: Obey all orders from the coxswain
    • Move as far forward as possible
    • Keep all parts of your body in the boat
    • Don’t engage in horseplay
    • Never distract the attention of crew members
    • Don’t sit on the life jackets
    • Don’t smoke in the boat
  23. What are the eleven pieces of information that the MSDS must contain about the material?
    • Ans: Identity
    • Hazardous Ingredients
    • Physical and Chemical Characteristics
    • Physical Hazards
    • Reactivity
    • Health Hazards
    • Precautions for safe handling and use
    • Control Measures
    • Routes of entry into body
    • Emergency and first-aid procedures for exposure
    • Date of preparation of the MSDS or last change
    • Name, address, and phone numbers of responsible party who can provide information on the material
  24. What part of ships at sea are extremely hazardous places?
    Ans: Weather Decks
  25. What is always a necessity aboard ship?
    Ans: Vigilance
  26. What should you wear when you must be on the main deck?
    Ans: Life Jacket
  27. What type of life jacket must you wear whenever you are handling lines or taking part in UNREP?
    Ans: Inherently Buoyant
  28. Name the five tripping hazards onboard the ship’s deck?
    • Ans: Cleats
    • Bitts
    • Pad eyes
    • Davits
    • Winches
  29. What types of lines are rigged on the main deck when the sea is rough?
    Ans: Safety Line
  30. What areas of an aircraft carrier are particularly hazardous areas?
    Ans: Flight Decks
  31. What are the two hazards on the flight deck that you should be aware of?
    • Ans: Propellers
    • Jet Engine or Blast
  32. What type of line prevents personnel from being washed overboard?
    Ans: Lifelines
  33. What type of devise prevents personnel from falling or being washed over the side?
    Ans: Safety Barrier
  34. What type of line should be immediately rigged when removing a lifeline?
    Ans: Temporary Line
  35. What part of the ship does not provide a good hold for scaffolding?
    Ans: The smooth deck
  36. How must the base of scaffolding be to prevent it from sliding?
    Ans: Properly braced and lashed down
  37. What type of scaffolds is prohibited to use?
    Ans: Makeshift Scaffold
  38. When must scaffolds be erected?
    Ans: Only when needed to do a job
  39. What two muscles should be used when lifting objects?
    • Ans: Arms
    • Legs
  40. What should be used for raising or lowering objects?
    Ans: Handlines
  41. Name the pieces of equipment that should be used when working on a boatswain’s chair or on unguarded scaffolds?
    Ans: Lifelines,Safety Belts
  42. How should your back be kept when lifting objects?
    Ans: Vertical
  43. Where should you never stand when steadying loads?
    Ans: Between the load and a fixed object
  44. What side of the ship should be used for fore-and-aft travel?
    Ans: Nonworking side
  45. What area of line should you never stand in?
    Ans: Bight of a line
  46. What type of line should you keep clear of?
    Ans: Lines under a strain
  47. Where should you keep the load when going up or down a ramp with a hand truck?
    Ans: Below you
  48. How should you move a load up a ramp, when using a hand truck?
    Ans: Pull
  49. Who must you obtain permission from before any work may be done aloft?
    Ans: OOD
  50. What type of equipment should be worn when working aloft?
    Ans: Navy-Approved Safety Harness with a Safety Line attached
  51. What does the OOD do before granting permission to work aloft?
    Ans: Make sure all power aloft is secured and controls tagged
  52. Who does the OOD notifies where the personnel will be working so that the necessary precautions can be
    • taken?
    • Ans: Engineer Officer
  53. How should you move a load down a ramp, when using a hand truck?
    Ans: Push
  54. What should you use to secure all tools and equipment with when working aloft?
    Ans: Lanyard
  55. What are the four situations that require a life jacket?
    • Ans: Work at underway replenishment stations
    • When you are in a lifeboat at sea
    • Working on weather decks in heavy weather
    • Whenever you are directed to do so
  56. How long should the safety line be?
    Ans: Long enough to permit freedom of movement
  57. Name the pieces of equipment that should be worn when working over the side?
    • Ans: Navy-Approved Safety Harness with a Safety Line attached
    • Inherently Buoyant Life Jacket with a hole in the back
  58. What is the purpose of the hole in back of the life jacket?
    Ans: It allows you to wear safety harness
  59. Who must you obtain permission from before any work may be over the side?
    Ans: CO
  60. What should be worn when working aloft to guard against falls?
    Ans: Safety Belts
  61. Name the two types of equipment that endanger personnel aloft by causing them to fall?
    • Ans: Radar
    • Antennas
  62. Name the two spaces that most accidents involving steam occur?
    • Ans: Engine Rooms
    • Fire Rooms
  63. What type of steam is often invisible and it is always dangerous?
    Ans: Live Steam
  64. What should you always do before removing valves or otherwise opening the system?
    Ans: Drain Lines
  65. Who must certify a closed space safe before entering?
    Ans: Gas Free Engineer
  66. What type of compartment may contain hidden danger?
    Ans: Closed Compartment
  67. Name the two types of gases that may be present in closed compartments?
    • Ans: Toxic
    • Explosives
  68. What should you do first before opening a pressurize compartment?
    Ans: Vent the pressure
  69. What should you consider a compartment as if it has been closed for any length of time?
    Ans: Dangerous
  70. Who makes sure that spaces are safe for you to work in after they are open?
    Ans: Gas Free Engineer
  71. What are the three symptoms of a person that has been overcome by carbon monoxide?
    • Ans: Weakness
    • Drowsiness
    • Slight Headache
  72. What have bulkheads, decks, or overheads absorbed for the air if they appear to be rusted?
    Ans: Oxygen
  73. What types of gases are particularly dangerous because it gives no warning?
    Ans: Carbon Monoxide
  74. Name the two elements that generate toxic gases in storage compartments?
    • Ans: Mildew
    • Rotting
  75. Name the two elements that speed up mildewing and rotting?
    • Ans: Warm Temperature
    • Humidity
  76. What is the primary producer of sulfur oxide aboard ships?
    Ans: Fuel Oil
  77. What are the three ways that government agencies and industries have sought to reduce sulfur oxide emission?
    • Ans: Switching to low-sulfur fuels
    • Removing sulfur from fuels entirely
    • Removing sulfur oxide from combusting gases
  78. What is the name of the fuel oil that was developed by the Navy to reduce the sulfur oxide problem on ships?
    Ans: Navy Distillate Fuel
  79. What are the two body parts that sulfur oxide irritates?
    • Ans: Eyes
    • Lungs
  80. How many hours should you allow a closed space that has been opened to ventilate before entering it?
    Ans: 24
  81. Who must certify the safety of the safe?
    Ans: Gas Free Engineer
  82. How often must the gas free engineer recertify the space while personnel are working?
    Ans: Every 8 hours
  83. What are the four symptoms that bad air includes?
    • Ans: Labored Breathing
    • Excessive fatigue from slight exertion
    • Headaches
    • Dizziness
  84. What should you wear before entering a space with little or no oxygen before attempting a rescue?
    Ans: OBA or SCUBA
  85. What type of effect does vapors of petroleum product causes when inhaled?
    Ans: Anesthetic
  86. What percent by volume of petroleum vapors can result in the inability to walk straight after inhaled?
    Ans: 0.1
  87. How many minutes after inhaling petroleum vapors of 0.1 % can result in the inability to walk straight?
    Ans: 4
  88. What increased when lead is added to fuel?
    Ans: Toxicity
  89. What are the two routes that lead can be introduced into the body?
    • Ans: Inhaled
    • Absorbed through the skin
  90. What type of equipment is recommended when entering fuel tanks?
    Ans: Air-line Respirator
  91. What are the three symptoms of exposure to toxic vapors?
    • Ans: Nausea
    • Headaches
    • Dizziness
  92. What are the two first aid measures taken for personnel that are overcome by toxic vapors?
    • Ans: Prevent the victim from becoming chilled
    • Administer artificial ventilation
  93. What are the three items not permitted in spaces where fuel is exposed or during fueling?
    • Ans: Open Flames
    • Naked Lights
    • Any apparatus that causes a spark
  94. What term includes any unprotected electrical lighting device?
    Ans: Naked Lights
  95. What type of material can ignite at comparatively low temperatures?
    Ans: Paints and Finishing Materials
  96. What are the six precautions that should be observed when using paints and finishing materials?
    • Ans: Do not smoke or use open flames
    • Wipe up spilled paints immediately
    • Place rags with paint on it in closed containers
    • Prevent paint products from coming in contact with eyes and skin
    • Wear goggles when chipping surfaces to be painted
    • Wear gloves and a filter respirator when mixing paint
  97. What are the six precautions that should be observed when using solvents?
    • Ans: Use adequate ventilation
    • Have fire-fighting equipment nearby
    • Prevent excessive vapors from contaminating the air
    • Check all liquids before using
    • Wipe up spilled solvents immediately
    • Avoid contact, consumption, or breathing solvents
    • Keep solvent containers closed when not in use
    • Check solvent container for leakage
    • Make sure solvent container are empty before discarded
    • Label all solvent containers before storing
    • Store solvent in appropriate storage locker
  98. What are the four examples that open flames include?
    • Ans: All forms of fuel
    • Gas Lanterns
    • Lighted Candles
    • Matches
  99. What are the five precautions that should be observed when handling any type of weapon?
    • Ans: Consider every gun loaded until you examine it
    • Never point a weapon at anyone that you do not intend to shoot
    • Place a cartridge in the chamber only when you intend to fire
    • Think about what you are doing when handling a weapon
    • Make sure the ammunition is suited to the type of weapon
  100. What is ammunition stowed in aboard ships?
    Ans: Magazines
  101. Name the two spaces that magazines are located as far as possible from?
    • Ans: Fire Rooms
    • Engine Rooms
  102. Name the two types of systems that magazines are equipped with for emergency use to prevent explosions?
    • Ans: Sprinkler System
    • Quick-Flooding System
  103. How is lighting accomplished in magazines?
    Ans: Vaportight Fixtures
  104. What is an important part of ammunition handling?
    Ans: Identifying the type of ammunition
  105. What size projectiles are colored coded?
    Ans: 3 inches or greater
  106. What are the two reasons that projectiles are colored coded?
    • Ans: Indicate the projectile type
    • Indicate the kind of bursting charge
  107. Name the four types of projectiles that are identified by their own distinctive color markings?
    • Ans: Armor-Piercing
    • Antiaircraft
    • Illuminating
    • Chemical Projectiles
  108. What are the five rules for handling ammunition?
    • Ans: Loading and unloading ammunition is not a contest
    • Do not dent cartridge cases
    • Avoid obliterating identification marks
    • Don’t smoke in the magazine
    • Never tamper with explosive devices
    • Don’t store drill charges in magazines with live ammunition
  109. What may dented cases cause?
    Ans: Jam in the bore
  110. What are used to protect the rotating bands of projectiles?
    Ans: Grommets
  111. Where are pyrotechnic materials usually located?
    Ans: Topside Decks
  112. When are pyrotechnic materials considered unserviceable?
    Ans: When show signs of damage to its safety device
  113. What amount of voltage of equipment is the cause of more deaths than any other voltage?
    Ans: 115-volt
  114. What does most electronic equipment has connecting the equipment to the ship’s hull?
    Ans: Metal Grounding Straps
  115. What are the six precautions that should be followed when working on or near electrical and electronic equipment?
    • Ans: Do not tamper with metal grounding straps
    • Never replace or pull fuses
    • Avoid dropping tools in opening of equipment
    • Never paint over identification markings
    • Do not hang items on equipment
    • Don’t use personal electrical equipment aboard ships
  116. What are the four things that should never be done to metal grounding straps?
    • Ans: Paint
    • Loosen
    • Disconnect
    • Tamper
  117. What the four types of gases that compressed gas includes?
    • Ans: Air
    • Oxygen
    • Acetylene
    • Carbon Dioxide
  118. What are the three types of steel containers that compressed gases are contained in?
    • Ans: Bottles
    • Tanks
    • Cylinders
    • What are the three types of hazards associated with compressed gases?
    • Ans: Cylinders not secured
    • Cylinders under high pressure
    • Cylinders containing poisonous, flammable or explosive material
  119. What keeps the equipment frame and the ship’s hull at the same electrical potential?
    Ans: Metal Grounding Straps
  120. What types of cylinders are common aboard ships?
    Ans: Acetylene
  121. What is the maximum temperature of storage that a compartment should not exceed?
    Ans: 130 F
  122. What are the three material classifications for closures of ventilation systems?
    • Ans: Zebra
    • William
    • Circle William
  123. What position must cylinders be secured in on noncargo ships?
    Ans: Vertical, Valve Up
  124. Name the two elements that must be stowed in separate compartments from flammable gases?
    • Ans: Oxygen
    • Chlorine
  125. Name the two elements that may be stowed in compartments designated for compressed gas stowage?
    • Ans: Inert
    • Nonflammable Gases
  126. How many minutes must compartments containing compressed gases be ventilated for before entry?
    Ans: 15
  127. What are the three precautions that must be observed when compressed gases are stowed on the weather deck?
    • Ans: Oxygen and chlorine cylinders must be in close proximity to fuel-gas cylinders
    • Cylinders containing compressed gases should be protected when stowed
    • The stowage area should be as remote as practical
  128. What part of the cylinder should you take every effort to prevent corrosion of when in stowage?
    Ans: Threaded Connections
  129. What are the two types of inhibitors that are not permitted on oxygen cylinders?
    • Ans: Grease
    • Flammable
  130. What are the four characteristics of asbestos?
    • Ans: Fibrous material that’s incombustible
    • Possesses high tensile strength
    • Have good thermal and electrical insulating properties
    • Has moderate to good chemical resistance
  131. What type of element has the Navy had many uses for because of its multiple characteristics?
    Ans: Asbestos
  132. Asbestos doesn’t normally present a hazard at what two states?
    • Ans: When intact
    • Not disturbed
  133. When does a problem occur when working with asbestos?
    Ans: Generation of asbestos dust
  134. How many days after exposure to asbestos does most symptoms of asbestos-related diseases shows up?
    Ans: 10 – 45
  135. What has the Navy instituted to control the use and replacement of asbestos with nonasbetos substitutes?
    Ans: Program
  136. What are the two primary uses of asbestos by the Navy?
    • Ans: Lagging
    • Insulation
  137. Name the two types of personnel that are only authorized to remove asbestos?
    • Ans: Specially Trained
    • Medically Qualified
  138. What are the two procedures that should be taken when handling asbestos material?
    • Ans: Complex Safety Requirements
    • Precautions
  139. What instruction should you refer to for more detailed information on the hazards and control of asbestos?
    Ans: OPNAVINST 5100.19, Navy Safety Precautions for Forces Afloat
  140. Name the four types of equipment that the Navy is currently using reinforced plastic material for?
    • Ans: Boat Hulls
    • Submarines
    • Minesweeping Equipment
    • Protective Coverings for wood and steel
  141. What is reinforced glass commonly called?
    Ans: Fiberglass
  142. What are the three materials that reinforced glass is made of?
    • Ans: Glass Fibers
    • Resin
    • Chemicals
  143. Name the two types of resin that are used to make fiberglass?
    • Ans: Epoxy
    • Polyester
  144. What should be worn when cutting or grounding fiberglass?
    Ans: Filter Mask Respirator
  145. What are the first two procedures that you should have done to an electrical tool before uses?
    • Ans: Inspected
    • Approved
  146. What department inspects and approves all electrical tools for safety aboard ships?
    Ans: Electrical Department
  147. What type of plug must metal-cased portable electric tools have on the power cord?
    Ans: Three-Pronged Plug
  148. When using an extension cord with electrical tool, what is plugged into what first?
    Ans: The tool is plugged into the extension cord first and then the extension cord is plugged into receptacle
  149. What types of tools are not to be used in areas where flammable vapors, gases, liquids, or exposed explosive are kept?
    Ans: Arcing Portable Tools
  150. What type of personnel should only operate gas welding or cutting equipment?
    Ans: Properly Trained Personnel
  151. What are the five precautions to be taken during welding or cutting operations?
    • Ans: Remove all combustible material from areas where welding is done
    • Check both sides of the structure that’s being welded for fire hazard
    • Post fire watches on both sides of the deck before welding
    • Keep approved fire-extinguishing equipment near welding operations
    • Do not weld on the outer surfaces of tanks that contain combustible substances
  152. What are gases considered used in welding and cutting?
    Ans: Explosive
  153. how many minutes must a fire watch remain on station after the job is completed?
    Ans: 30
  154. When unplugging an extension cord from a receptacle connected to an electrical tool, what is unplugged first?
    Ans: Unplugged the extension cord from the receptacle first and then unplugged the extension cord from the tool
  155. What type of fire-extinguishing equipment should not be used in small areas with one access opening ?
    Ans: CO2 Extinguishers
  156. What type of fire-extinguishing equipment should be used in small areas with one access opening ?
    Ans: Water Spray from Fog Nozzle Extinguishers
  157. What are the two factors that the safe operation of rotating machinery and tools require?
    • Ans: The operator to be thoroughly knowledgeable in the equipment operation
    • Strict adherence to established operating procedures
  158. What are the seven general safety precautions that should be observed when operating rotating machinery?
    • Ans: Never place any part of your body into moving machinery
    • Never ride machinery
    • Never jewelry, neckties, or loose-fitting clothing
    • Wear protective clothing
    • Ensure equipment is de-energized and tagged out before making repairs
    • Avoid striking tools against dangerous voltage
    • Don’t use compressed air to clean parts of your body
  159. What type of clothing shouldn’t be worn when working with rotating machinery?
    Ans: Loose-Fitting Clothing
  160. What are the four safety practices that should be observed when operating the fire main system?
    • Ans: Never disconnect or connect a hose from the system until the pressure has been removed
    • Never use ruptured or worn hoses with any system that has pressure in it
    • Never point a charged hose at anyone
    • Do not use liquids under pressure containers near flame, throw into fires, or puncture
  161. What are the products that contain liquids under pressure?
    • Ans: Spray Paint
    • Butane Fluids
    • Lacquers
    • Other Aerosol Products
  162. What are the two forms that acids and alkalies are used in?
    • Ans: Pure Compounds
    • Mixtures
  163. Why are acids and alkalies considered hazardous?
    Ans: Because they’re corrosive
  164. What type of burn does acids and alkalies cause?
    Ans: Chemical Burns
  165. Name the five protective equipment and gear that should be worn when handling acids and alkalies?
    • Ans: Wear chemically resistant rubber or plastic gloves
    • Wear chemically resistant rubber or plastic goggles
    • Wear chemically resistant rubber boots
    • Wear a rubber or plastic apron
    • Wear a respirator
  166. What should persons seek immediately who have been exposed to acids or alkalies?
    Ans: Medical Attention
  167. What substance is a mixture of all liquid domestic wastes, especially human body waste?
    Ans: Sewage
  168. What does sewage contains a large number of?
    Ans: Microorganisms
  169. What are the five basic precautions that should be observed when working in sewage-handling areas?
    • Ans: Never take food in sewage-handling areas
    • Never work on sewage-handling equipment if you have open cuts
    • Maintain cleanliness of equipment at all times
    • Wash down any spilled sewage immediately
    • Always follow personal hygiene routines after working in a sewage-handling area
  170. Name the two authorities that should be notified on the status of any marine sanitation device (MSD) if it could be turned into a biological hazard to the ship’s crew?
    • Ans: Medical Department
    • Damage Control Assistant
  171. What are the two types of hearing loss can continuous exposure to noise at a high level cause?
    • Ans: Temporary
    • Permanent
  172. Name the four primarily sources of loud noise?
    • Ans: Electronic Equipment
    • Power Tools
    • Machinery
    • Weapons
  173. What are the three results of improper lifting?
    • Ans: painful hernia
    • Strains
    • Pulled muscles
    • Disk lesion
  174. Name the three types of protection that the Navy uses for subduing noise?
    • Ans: Earplugs
    • Headband Earplugs
    • Circumaural Muff
  175. What are the seven precautions that should be observed when engaged in recreational activities?
    • Ans: Don’t engage in recreational activities unless you are physically able
    • Wear necessary protective equipment and clothing
    • Avoid overexertion and excessive fatigue
    • Don’t engage in recreational activities with an old injury
    • Warm-up properly before engaging in any vigorous sport
    • Avoid horseplay
    • Do not drink alcohol recreational activities
  176. What are the seven precautions that should be observed for lifting?
    • Ans: Don’t lift an object that is too heavy
    • Keep the load close to the center of your body
    • Pull the load toward you; then lift it gradually
    • Get a clear vision over the load you are carrying
    • Don’t change your grip while carrying the load
    • Always allow enough room for the load
    • Place the load on the edge of the table and push it forward
  177. What type of motions should be avoided?
    Ans: Quick and Jerky
  178. What helps align the spine when lifting objects?
    Ans: Tuck in your chin
  179. What motion during a lift is one of the most common causes of back injury?
    Ans: Twisting
  180. What part of your body should you lift with?
    Ans: Legs
  181. Name the two overhaul facilities that ships go into for necessary repair?
    • Ans: Shipyards
    • Dry Docks
  182. What type of hazards are always problems in shipyards?
    Ans: Fire
  183. Name the two areas of the ship that are dangerous aboard ships?
    • Ans: Flight Decks
    • Hangars
  184. What is engine-starting equipment called?
    Ans: Huffers
  185. What are the two precautions that are conducted before entering a shipyard for dry dock work?
    • Ans: Shipyard Safety Doctrine
    • Safety Training
  186. What are the two precautions that should be observed handling LOX?
    • Ans: It freezes immediately on contact
    • It exert extremely high pressure as a gas
  187. What are the five elements of heat stress that places stress on the body?
    • Ans: Air Temperature
    • Thermal Radiation
    • Humidity
    • Airflow
    • Workload
  188. What type of cold injury occurs when the temperature of the body reaches subnormal levels?
    Ans: Hypothermia
  189. What are causes of heat stress conditions aboard ships?
    • Ans: Steam and Water Leaks
    • Ventilation System Deficiencies
    • Missing or Deteriorated Insulation
    • Weather High Heat and Humidity
  190. What are the two heat injuries that prolonged exposure to heat stress conditions causes?
    • Ans: Heat Exhaustion
    • Heat Stroke
  191. What are the first four signs of heat exhaustion and stroke?
    • Ans: Increased body temperature causing fatigue
    • Severe Headache
    • Nausea
    • Reduced Physical and Mental Performance
  192. What is the major health risk when working in severe cold areas?
    Ans: Hypothermia
  193. What naval program is designed to assist personnel that may be required to work in a heat stress environment by limiting the time they spend in a high heat stress situation?
    Ans: Heat Stress Monitoring Program
  194. What are the 15 general all-round safety precautions that should be followed to avoid serious mishaps?
    • Ans: Use tools that fit the job
    • Wear protective gear during work
    • Never overload electrical outlets
    • Keep unused file draws closed
    • Avoid making files top-heavy
    • Don’t hand extension cord where they can be snagged
    • Keep all tools in good condition
    • Do not watch a welder’s arc without dark goggles
    • Report defective equipment
    • Secure open hatches with equipment provided
    • Secure all loose articles in heavy weather
    • Take heed of all warning signs
    • Never smoke in No Smoking areas
    • Follow all safety precautions for the job
    • Follow good housekeeping practices at all times
  195. What naval program evaluates and monitors heat stress conditions in the Navy?
    Ans: The Navy’s Heat Stress Program
  196. What does the Navy’s Heat Stress Program establishes?
    Ans: Safe work schedules in heat stress environments
  197. Why do we have tag-out procedures?
    Ans: Because the ship is complex and personnel can get hurt of improper equipment operation
  198. What should you refer to if you’re not sure of a tag-out procedure?
    Ans: The Command Tag-Out Bill
  199. What instruction governs the Navy’s equipment tag-out bill?
    Ans: OPNAVINST 3120.32, Standard organization and Regulations of the U.S.
  200. What are the three purposes of the equipment tag-out bill?
    • Ans: To provide personnel a way to prevent the improper operation of a component
    • To give personnel a way to operate an instrument that’s unreliable
    • To give personnel a way to accomplish certain PMS procedures
  201. Who heads the tag-out bill organization?
    Ans: CO or OIC
  202. Who is responsible for making sure personnel in their department understand and follow bill procedures?
    Ans: Department Head
  203. Who is responsible for and controls the tag-out system for equipment being repaired by a repair activity on a ship?
    Ans: The Ship
  204. Who is responsible for complying with the tag-out bill procedures when repaired is being performed by a repair activity on a ship?
    Ans: The Repair Activity
  205. Who keeps track of the systems being tagged out?
    Ans: OOD
  206. Who is responsible for knowing the material condition of a department?
    Ans: DDO
  207. Who keeps up with the status of the engineering plant at all times?
    Ans: EOOD
  208. Who may serve as the engineering officer (EOOD) of the watch?
    Ans: Engineering Duty Officer
  209. Who designates authorizing officers?
    Ans: CO
  210. Name the two ways that the CO designates the authorizing officer?
    • Ans: Billets
    • Watch Station
  211. Who is responsible for knowing the state of the readiness at all times?
    Ans: DDO
  212. Who signs the final authorization placing a system off line for repair?
    Ans: Authorizing Officer
  213. Who keeps track of the condition of readiness of the ship?
    Ans: OOD
  214. Who is always responsible for supervising the tag-out log?
    Ans: Authorizing Officer
  215. Who signs the tag-out record sheet if a tag out has been requested by a repair activity?
    Ans: A representative of the activity of shop supervisor
  216. Who is designed on the watch bill or in the POD?
    Ans: DDO
  217. What person can make or break the tag-out system?
    Ans: The person attaching the tag
  218. Who has the authority to cause tags to be cleared or issued?
    Ans: Authorizing Officer
  219. What does your signature verifies on the danger or caution tag?
    Ans: That you have secured the items that need to be secured
  220. What person is an important person in the tag-out procedures?
    Ans: The person checking the tag
  221. Who must know what systems are tagged out for periodic maintenance?
    Ans: DDO
  222. What is the process of checking a tag or label called?
    Ans: Second-Checking
  223. What does the signature of the second person tells everyone concerned?
    Ans: That all is okay and the equipment is secured
  224. What person examines the tag or label to make sure it corresponds to the equipment that is supposed to be secured?
    Ans: The person checking the tag
  225. What person actually shuts a valve or secures a switch that takes a piece of equipment off line?
    • Ans: The person attaching the tag
    • Authorizing Officer
  226. Name the two individuals that the second-checker notifies if they find something wrong?
    Ans: The person attaching the tag
  227. What are the two conditions that tags and labels indicate?
    • Ans: Out of order
    • Unable to perform normal functions
  228. What type of tags are tags and labels used as?
    Ans: Warning Tags
  229. What color is the danger tag?
    Ans: Red
  230. Name the two types of labels that are associated with the tag-out system?
    • Ans: Out-of-Commission
    • Out-of-Calibration
  231. What type of tag has a set of instructions printed on it about the operation?
    Ans: Caution Tags
  232. What type of label identifies instruments that give inaccurate measurements because they are out of calibration?
    Ans: Out-of-Calibration
  233. What color is the Out-of-Calibration label?
    Ans: Orange
  234. What color is the caution tag?
    Ans: Yellow
  235. What form is used for the Out-of-Calibration label?
    Ans: NAVSEA 9210/6
  236. What are the two pieces of information that you should mark the Out-of-Calibration with?
    • Ans: Magnitude Sign
    • Units of the required correction
  237. What type of label identifies instruments that give inaccurate measurements because they are defective or isolated from the system?
    Ans: Out-of-Commission
  238. Name the two magnitude signs marked on the Out-of-Calibration label?
    • Ans: Six (6)
    • Four (4)
  239. 240. What term can be marked on the Out-of-Calibration label instead of “units of the required correction”?
    Ans: Overdue
  240. What color is the Out-of-Commission label?
    Ans: Red
  241. What type of label must you use the instrument only with extreme caution?
    Ans: Out-of-Calibration
  242. What is used to control the entire tag-out procedures?
    Ans: Tag-Out Log
  243. What does the number of tag-out logs required depends on?
    Ans: Ship Size
  244. Who specify the number of tag-out logs various ship classes must maintain?
    Ans: Individual Force Commander
  245. Who must exchange information on tag-out actions on ships maintaining more than one tag-out log?
    Ans: Authorizing Officers
  246. What is a record of authorization of each effective tag-out action?
    Ans: Tag-Out Log
  247. Name the three documents that each tag-out log contains?
    • Ans: A copy of the Main Instruction
    • Index/ Audit Record
    • Clearance Danger/Caution Tag-Out Record Sheets
  248. Where is a copy of the Main Instruction kept in the tag-out log?
    Ans: Front of the tag-out log
  249. What document of the tag-out log provides a sequential list of all tag outs?
    Ans: Index/ Audit Record
  250. Who specify what areas of the ship must maintain tag-out logs?
    Ans: Individual Force Commander
  251. What document of the tag-out log is kept in the log until received and removed?
    Ans: Clearance Danger/Caution Tag-Out Record Sheets
  252. Who removes the index/ audit record or clearance danger/caution tag-out record sheets from the tag-out log?
    Ans: Cognizant Department
  253. What document of the tag-out log is used in audits of the log?
    Ans: Index/ Audit Record
  254. How many danger/caution tag-out record sheets are used to log on common systems?
    Ans: 1
  255. Personal protective devices do nothing to reduce or eliminate hazards? (True or False)
    Ans: True
  256. What document of the tag-out log ensures serial numbers are sequentially issued?
    Ans: Index/ Audit Record
  257. What does personal protective devices merely establishes?
    Ans: Last line of defense
  258. What are the four key elements in the use of personal protective equipment?
    • Ans: Proper Equipment Selection
    • Maintenance
    • Personal Training
    • Mandatory Enforcement of Equipment
  259. What document of the tag-out log provides a ready reference of existing tag outs?
    Ans: Index/ Audit Record
  260. Name the six types of protective equipment that are available to personnel?
    • Ans: Eye Protection
    • Respiratory Protection
    • Hearing Protection
    • Foot Protection
    • Head Protection
    • Electrical Protection
  261. Name the three articles that eye protection include?
    • Ans: Personal Eyeglasses
    • Common-Use Goggles
    • Common-Use Fascesheilds
  262. Name the two articles that head protection include?
    • Ans: Helmets
    • Hat that protect the head
  263. What article does respiratory protection includes?
    Ans: Respirators
  264. Name the two articles that hearing protection include?
    • Ans: Circumaural Protection
    • Earplugs
  265. Name the two articles that foot protection include?
    • Ans: Steel-Toed Boots
    • Shoes
  266. Name the five articles that electrical protection devices include?
    • Ans: Rubber Gloves
    • Rubber Mats
    • Rubber Hoods
    • Rubber Sleeves
    • Rubber Blankets
  267. Who should you report all safety hazards to?
    Ans: Immediate Supervisor
  268. What instruction contains the information on Navy safety?
    Ans: OPNAVINST 5100.19, Navy Safety Precautions for Force Afloat
  269. What are the three hazards associated with jet aircraft on flight decks?
    • Ans: Being blown overboard
    • Being burned by jet exhaust
    • Being sucked into jet intakes
  270. Why shouldn’t you paint scaffolding?
    Ans: Paint conceals defects
  271. What are the three pieces of gear that you can receive a shock from when working aloft?
    • Ans: Ladders
    • Guy Wires
    • Metal Fittings
  272. What are the three power sources of tools?
    • Ans: Pneumatic
    • Hydraulic
    • Electrical
  273. Why shouldn’t you use liquid soap or scented disinfectants to clean up spilled sewage?
    Ans: It may temporarily disguise inadequate clean-up procedures
  274. Why shouldn’t you smoke around sewage-handling equipment?
    Ans: Gases give off by sewage are explosive
  275. What instruction standardizes tag-out procedures aboard ship?
    Ans: OPNAVINST 3120.32