Clauses

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
65861
Filename:
Clauses
Updated:
2011-02-12 13:49:38
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English Grammar
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Description:
Grammar clauses, Test- Feb 15
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  1. gramatical unit that has a subject and a verb predicate and that is used in a specifif function in a sentence
    clause
  2. gramatical unit containing a subject and a verb and other parts of patterns that can stand alone as a sentence because it expresses a complete thought
    main(independent) clause
  3. used to connect main clauses, for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so (F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.)
    Coordinating conjunctions
  4. join two main clauses in a compound sentence by use of a semicolon and a comma, ex. however, morever, then, nevertheless, therefore, otherwise, thus, besides, ect.
    conjunctive adverbs
  5. the use of a comma between two main clauses not joined by7 a coordinating conjunction
    comma fault
  6. results from omitting puncuation between two main clauses
    run-on sentence
  7. gramatical unit that has a subject and a verb but cannot stand alone ion a sentence becuase it does not express a complete thought;begin with subbordinating conjunctions
    subordinate (dependent) clause
  8. has only one main clause and no subordinate clauses; mayu have a compund subject, compund predicate or both
    simple sentence
  9. contains two or more main clauses joined by a comma and a coordinatin conjunction, a semicolon, or semicolon conuunctive adverb comma
    compound sentence
  10. contains only one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses
    complex sentence
  11. has more than one main clause and at least one subordinate clause
    compound-complex sentence
  12. a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun; usually follows the word it modifies; introduced by a relative pronoun
    adjective clause
  13. adjective clause needed to make the meaning of the sentence clear
    essential (restrivtive) clause
  14. adjective clause that is not needed to make the meaning of the sentence clear; may add information but the sentence is logical without the clause; never introduced with that (useually which or who)
    nonessential (nonrestrictive) clause
  15. a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb; tells when, where, how, why, to what extent, or under what condition, introduced by a subordinating conjunction
    adverbal clause
  16. adverbal clause in which some words hae been omitted because they are understood or implied
    elliptical adverb clauses
  17. a subordinate clause used as a noun that servesx as a subject, direct object, predicate nominative, object of a preopsition, inderect object or appositive; usually introduced by that, whay, why, whether, who, which, or how; differ from sentences containing adjective and adverb clauses since they are no longer complete without the clause
    noun clause
  18. What are the realative pronouns?
    who, whom, whose, which, that
  19. How can you tell if an adjective clause is essential or not to a sentence?
    • essential=then; no comma
    • non essential= comma
  20. Adjectie clauses are introduced by a ________ _______.
    relative pronoun
  21. Name some subordinating conjuncions.
    after, although, as, as far as, as if, because, before, even though, if, in order that, since, than, that, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, wherever, while
  22. An adverb clause is at the beginning of a sentence if there is a _____.
    comma
  23. An adverb clause is at the beginning of a sentence if there is __ _____.
    no comma
  24. A noun clause can be replaced with any ____.
    noun
  25. Noun clauses are introuced by...
    that, what, why, whether, who, which, or how.

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