gramatical unit that has a subject and a verb predicate and that is used in a specifif function in a sentence
gramatical unit containing a subject and a verb and other parts of patterns that can stand alone as a sentence because it expresses a complete thought
used to connect main clauses, for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so (F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.)
join two main clauses in a compound sentence by use of a semicolon and a comma, ex. however, morever, then, nevertheless, therefore, otherwise, thus, besides, ect.
the use of a comma between two main clauses not joined by7 a coordinating conjunction
results from omitting puncuation between two main clauses
gramatical unit that has a subject and a verb but cannot stand alone ion a sentence becuase it does not express a complete thought;begin with subbordinating conjunctions
subordinate (dependent) clause
has only one main clause and no subordinate clauses; mayu have a compund subject, compund predicate or both
contains two or more main clauses joined by a comma and a coordinatin conjunction, a semicolon, or semicolon conuunctive adverb comma
contains only one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses
has more than one main clause and at least one subordinate clause
a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun; usually follows the word it modifies; introduced by a relative pronoun
adjective clause needed to make the meaning of the sentence clear
essential (restrivtive) clause
adjective clause that is not needed to make the meaning of the sentence clear; may add information but the sentence is logical without the clause; never introduced with that (useually which or who)
nonessential (nonrestrictive) clause
a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb; tells when, where, how, why, to what extent, or under what condition, introduced by a subordinating conjunction
adverbal clause in which some words hae been omitted because they are understood or implied
elliptical adverb clauses
a subordinate clause used as a noun that servesx as a subject, direct object, predicate nominative, object of a preopsition, inderect object or appositive; usually introduced by that, whay, why, whether, who, which, or how; differ from sentences containing adjective and adverb clauses since they are no longer complete without the clause
What are the realative pronouns?
who, whom, whose, which, that
How can you tell if an adjective clause is essential or not to a sentence?
essential=then; no comma
non essential= comma
Adjectie clauses are introduced by a ________ _______.
Name some subordinating conjuncions.
after, although, as, as far as, as if, because, before, even though, if, in order that, since, than, that, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, wherever, while
An adverb clause is at the beginning of a sentence if there is a _____.
An adverb clause is at the beginning of a sentence if there is __ _____.