Aural Hearing

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Anonymous
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65898
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Aural Hearing
Updated:
2011-02-12 16:30:49
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Aural hearing
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  1. List 2 consequences of hearing loss
    loss of initimacy, loss of job
  2. What is Dr. Tripp's definition of Aural Rehabilitation?
    services provided to decrease the consequences of hearing loss.
  3. List 3 components of an AR plan:
    information/educational counseling, auditory training, ALDs, psychosocial support
  4. Hearing loss is sometimes referred to as the _______ condition.
    invisible
  5. 0-25 dB
    normal
  6. 26-40 dB
    Mild HL
  7. 41-55 dB
    Moderate HL
  8. 56-70 dB
    Moderate-Severe HL
  9. 71-90 dB
    Severe HL
  10. 90+ dB
    Profound HL
  11. What are the goals of Aural Rehab?
    alleviate the difficulties related to hearing loss and minimize its consequences
  12. What various aspects of a person's lifestyle can be affected by hearing loss?
    exclusion from conversation, activities, frustration, embarrassment, depression, isolation, loss in initmacy in relationships
  13. List and describe some components of a typical AR program.
    • -in-service training- teachers and other specialized training
    • -psychosocial support- psychological/social aspect of hearing loss
    • -information/educational counseling-instruction about hearing and listening devices
  14. Congential
    present at birth
  15. Cerumen
    ear wax
  16. Ototoxic drugs
    harmful to the structures of the inner ear and the auditory nerve
  17. How is hearing loss an "invisible" condition?
    because you cannot see hearing loss
  18. How is hearing loss an "isolating" condition?
    it can cause an individual to be able to understand and communicate with individuals so therefore it isolates them from conversation and activities.
  19. How does lifestyle have a major effect on participation restrictions incurred with hearing loss?
    activities, conversation
  20. What is aural rehab (book definition)?
    the intervention aimed at minimizing and alleviating the communication difficulties associated with hearing loss.
  21. UCL
    is the level at which sound becomes uncomfortably loud for a listener.
  22. MCL
    level at which sound is most comfortable for a listener
  23. SRT
    the lowest presentation level for spondee words at which 50% can be identified correctly
  24. PTA
  25. air/bone gap
    the difference between air- and bone-conduction thresholds; a difference may indicate a conductive component in the hearing loss.
  26. spondees
    two syllable words spoken with equal stress on each syllable.
  27. soundfield testing
    determines hearing senstivity or speech recognition ability by presenting signals in a sound field through a loudspeaker.
  28. presbycusis
    age related hearing loss
  29. Word Rec/Speech Rec Score
    the best predictor of hearing aid success
  30. dynamic range
    is the difference in decibels between a person's threshold for just being able to detect speech and the person's threshold for uncomfortable listening
  31. primary speech range
  32. air conduction
    refers to when sounds travels through the air into the external auditory canal and stimulation progresses through the middle ear, inner ear, and to the brain
  33. bone conduction
    refers to the transmission of sound through the bones in the body, particularly the skull.
  34. Pure Tone Audiometry
  35. Speech Audiometry
  36. conductive
    • outer, middle ear
    • causes: cerumen, foreign object, perf/tub, fluid
  37. sensory neural
    • inner ear
    • causes: stroke, noise exposure, presbycusis, ototoxic drugs
  38. mixed
    • outer, inner ear
    • causes: otototoxic, noise exposure, foreign object, fluid
  39. NIHL preventable?
    100%
  40. What types of activities can be harmful to our hearing?
    concerts, shooting, riding motorcycles
  41. At what intensity does sound become harmful?
    anything above 85 dB
  42. What are some warning signs that a child is not hearing well?
    • constant ringing in your ear
    • yelling to hear a conversation
  43. What are HPD's? Which kind is the best? What are some pros and cons of each?
    • Foam (32 dB)
    • pros: comfortable, cheap, highest NRR
    • cons: incovient freq insertion/removal, wear out

    • Contoured/Flanged (25 dB)
    • pros: easy insertion, durable
    • cons: inconvient insertion/removal, less comfortable

    • Custom molds (25dB)
    • pros: comfortable
    • cons: expensive

    • Earmuffs (10-25 dB)
    • pros: affordable, convient
    • cons: big, bulky
  44. Who should wear HPD's?
    noisy workplace
  45. On the audiogram, what is a sure sign of Noise Induced Hearing Loss?
  46. What is the NRR?
    noise reduction rating
  47. What are the components of a hearing conservation program?
    environmental sound survey, routine hearing, education about hearing, provision of HPDs

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