AP Human Geography-Chapter 8 Review Questions

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pictureperfect
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65959
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AP Human Geography-Chapter 8 Review Questions
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2011-02-12 22:14:44
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AP Human Geography political geography state nation
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AP Human Geography-Chapter 8 Review Questions
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  1. What is a state?
    A state is an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs.
  2. What is a nation?
    A country with its own nationality and land.
  3. What is sovereignty?
    Sovereignty means independence from control of its internal affairs by other states.
  4. What has happened to the number of soveign states in the world since 1960?
  5. What is gerrymandering?
    Gerrymandering is the process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
  6. What is a good example of a nation divided between more than one state?
    Korea.
  7. What is the world's largest state?
    Russia
  8. What is a nation-state?
    A nation-state is a state with very small land areas with its own sovereign rule.
  9. Where did the first widespread use of a nation-state concept occur?
    In the time of Ancient Mesopotamia.
  10. What is a colony?
    A colony is a territory that is legally tied to a soverign state rather than being complete independent.
  11. What is a city-state? Give an example.
    A city-state is a sovereign state that comprises a town and the surrounding countryside. Monaco.
  12. What is the only large land mass not part of a sovereign state?
    Antarctica.
  13. What were the motives of European states in establishing colonies?
    • -To promote Christianity
    • -To extract useful resouces and to serve as captive markets for their products
    • -To establish relative power through the number of their colonies.
  14. What is imperialism? Colonialism?
    Imperialism is control of terrytory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society. Colonialism is the effort by one country to establish settlements in a territory and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles on that territory.
  15. Describe the British empire by the year 1900.
    It was the largest colonial empire.
  16. Describe what is used to separate states or create boundaries.
    • -Physical features of a region. (River, etc.)
    • -Cultural dividers of region. (Language, etc.)
  17. What creates the boundary between the U.S. and Canada?
    The 49 N latitude line.
  18. Why were boundaries redrawn throughout much of Europe after WWI?
  19. Define the different shapes of states. Give an example of each. Pros/Cons for each.
  20. What is a frontier?
    A frontier is a zone where no state exercises complete political control.

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