Sports Finals

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Author:
MamaRica
ID:
65967
Filename:
Sports Finals
Updated:
2011-02-12 23:18:42
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Sports
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Sports Finals
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  1. Define: TRIGGER POINT THERAPY
    Deactivation of trigger points in muscles and related connective tissue.
  2. % of Trigger Points found in the body
    80%
  3. How long do you hold a static stretch?
    10-30 seconds
  4. Adjunct therapies
    • - hydrotherapy (baths, sauna, steam room...)
    • - physiotherapy
    • - exercise (yoga, breathing, mediation)
  5. Edema
    Abnormal accumulation of fluid in tissue spaces.
  6. Tendonitis
    Inflammation of a tendon
  7. Subclinical tendonitis
    Painful under the pressure of massage
  8. Tenosynovitis
    Inflammation of the lining of the sheath that surrounds a tendon
  9. Chronic muscle tension
    • develops slowly
    • causes: poor posture, repetitive use, holding tension & emotional stress
  10. Acute muscle tension
    • Sudden forceful contraction/stretch
    • blunt trauma directly to muscle
    • recent overuse
  11. Ways to reduce Delayed Onset Muscle soreness
    • Increase blood flow and oxygen andrelax body and muscles by:
    • static stretching
    • light exercise
    • massage
    • cold water/ice
    • alternating heat/cold
    • movement in a pool
  12. SPRAIN
    Injury of a ligament
  13. STRAIN
    Damage to a part of muscle, fascia or tendon
  14. Type of pressure on Trigger Points
    3 phase ischemic pressure
  15. Travell and Simons
    Think: TRIGGER POINTS
  16. What is the difference between a ligament and a tendon?
    • Ligament: bone to bone
    • Tendon: bone to muscle
  17. Strokes used for formation of scar tissue
    • Broadening
    • Deep transverse friction
  18. RESTORATIVE MASSAGE
    • Recovery massage
    • Remedial massage
    • Rehabilitation massage
  19. Recovery Massage
    Application for uninjured athletes recovering from a strenuous workout/competition
  20. Remedial Massage
    Application for athletes with minor to moderate injuries (5-15 mins.)
  21. Rehabilitation Massage
    Massage as a part of comprehensive treatment plan for athletes with severe injuries/following surgery
  22. PRE-EVENT
    duration
    5-12 mins
  23. PRE-EVENT
    Goals
    • reduce pre-event anxiety
    • increase circulation
    • prepare muscles for optimum performance
    • increase athlete's sense of readiness
  24. POST-EVENT
    Goals
    • reduction of DOM
    • to enhance removal of metabolites
    • to reduce mild swelling and inflammation
    • re-establish muscular integration
    • Athlete recovers sooner and peforms better next time
  25. Cramp Management
    • direct compression
    • mild static stretch
    • reciprocal inhibition
    • approximation
    • ice
  26. Whole athlete model
    • Physical
    • mental
    • emotional
    • social
  27. CONCENTRIC
    Shortening under load
  28. ECCENTRIC
    Lengthening under load
  29. ISOMETRIC
    Length doesn't change
  30. Passive Stretch
    Practitioner applies stretch, athlete relaxes
  31. Passive- active stretch
    practitioner applies stretch, athlete holds position
  32. Active- assisted stretch
    Athlete begins movement, practitioner finishes
  33. ISOTONIC
    Length changes (same tone, normal movement)
  34. FASCIA
    • Superficial
    • Deep
    • Subserous
  35. Function of FASCIA
    • 1. Provides support for nerves & vessels
    • 2. Gives stability and contour to many bodily structures
    • 3. Enables adjacent tissues to move upon each other
    • 4. Provides fluid for lubrication
    • 5. Participates in reflex mechanisms
  36. SUPERFICIAL FASCIA
    Attached to undersurface of the skin- loosely knit fibro-elastic aerolar tissue
  37. DEEP FASCIA
    Envelopes and separates the internal visceral organs and contributes to the contour and function of the body
  38. Subserous FASCIA
    Loose aerolar tissue which covers all of the visceral organs
  39. ROM
    • Active- passive movement of a joint for evaluation
    • determines if an injury is structural (joint) or functional (muscles that move joint)

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