American History

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aespinda
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65968
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American History
Updated:
2011-02-14 01:31:27
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American History
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American History
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  1. Balboa
    Spain - discovered the Pacific Ocean
  2. Ponce de Leon
    Spain - discovered Florida looking for the fountain of youth
  3. Cortez
    Spain - conquered the Aztec Indians in Mexico
  4. Magellan
    Spain - his expedition was the first to circumnavigate the world
  5. Coronado
    Spain - explored the American Southwest
  6. De Soto
    Spain - discovered the Mississippi River
  7. Cabot
    England - discovered Labrador and other parts of the northeastern coast of North America
  8. Drake
    England - led second expedition to circumnavigate the world
  9. Davis
    England - helped chart the Artic waters bordering northeastern Canada
  10. New England Colonies
    Massachusetts - New Hampshire - Rhode Island - Connecticut

    founded for religious reasons - Puritans - church was their life - grammar schools developed - live longer - develop house structure - little need for slaves - church attendance mandatory - rocky soil - fish for food - little agriculture - colder climate
  11. Middle Colonies

    "Breadbasket"
    New York - Pennsylvania - New Jersey - Delaware

    mixture of religious groups - schools_private schools to teach religion - better soil - milder climate - grow wheat - social divisions - division between city and country
  12. Southern Colonies

    "Chesapeake Colonies"
    Maryland - Virginia - North Carolina - South Carolina - Georgia

    least religious - diverse group of cultures - agriculture - slaves - sons and daughters sent to Europe from rich parents to learn - exports of cash crops - lots of cheap land - bugs - mosquitoes - diseases - shorter life span
  13. William Bradford
    Founded Massachussetts Plymouth 1620
  14. John Winthrop
    Founded Massachussetts Bay 1630
  15. Roger Williams
    Founded Rhode Island 1636
  16. William Penn
    Founded Pennsylvania 1682
  17. John Smith
    Founded Virginia 1607
  18. James Oglethorpe
    Founded Georgia 1732
  19. Mayan Indians
    Central America - Mexico - only Indians that formed an advanced form of writing - first to develop and use a calendar
  20. Aztecs
    Central America - most powerful and most civilized of the Indians - practiced human sacrifice - priests were in charge of education - made chocolate - first aquaducts - used symbols (like the Egyptians)
  21. Incas
    Peru (South America) - have a class system (heirarchy) - extensive communication and transportation system - had post office (runners delivering messages)
  22. Adena-Hopewell Indians
    Ohio Valley - known for division of labor - large trade network
  23. Mississippians
    American Indians - located at Mississippi River - trade by river - agriculture - not nomadic - hunters and gatherers - disease from Europeans killed them off
  24. Pueblo-Hohokam-Ansanzi
    cliff dwellers (for protection) - Southeast America - killed off by drought or Europeans killed them off
  25. 3 Main Explorer Countries
    • 1. Portugal
    • 2. England
    • 3. Spain
  26. Prince Henry
    Portugal - explore the coast of Africa - 1422
  27. Dias
    Portugal - explored the Cape of Good Hope, Africa - 1488
  28. Spain
    most important - largest competitor - devout Catholics - Ferdinand and Isabella marriage unites Spain
  29. Christopher Columbus
    Italian - school in Portugal - sailed for Spain - four journeys to the "new world"
  30. horses
    travel - further to trade - bring customs and language with you
  31. Martin Luther
    late 1400's - white German priest - nailed Ninety-five Thesis on the door of his church - Protestant - excommunicated from Church
  32. John Calvin
    taught predestination -

    predestination is heaven or hell is predetermined - takes free will out of it
  33. Henry the 8th
    Church of England - Anglican -
  34. Mary the First

    "Bloody Mary"
    Daughter of Catherine of Aragon and Henry the 8th
  35. Elizabeth the First
    Daughter of Henry the 8th and Anne Boleyn
  36. Edward VI
    Son of Henry the 8th and Jane Seymour
  37. British rule from Henry the 8th and Elizabeth I
    Henry the VIII - Church of England

    Edward VI - Church of England

    Mary I - Catholic (mother was Catholic) - marries Phillip II of Spain

    Elizabeth I - Church of England (Protestant)
  38. Spanish Armada
    Spanish navy - Phillip II of Spain takes Armada to invade England - England defeats Spanish Armada - becomes world number 1 power
  39. Virginia Dare
    first English child born in New World - granddaughter of Sir Walter Raleigh - colony disappeared

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