Complications of IV therapy

Card Set Information

Author:
BrigittaLis
ID:
65990
Filename:
Complications of IV therapy
Updated:
2011-02-13 02:13:16
Tags:
Complications IV therapy
Folders:

Description:
Complications of IV therapy
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user BrigittaLis on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Findings for Infiltration
    pallor, local swelling at the site, decreased skin temperature around the site, damp dressing, slowed infusion
  2. Treatment for Infiltration
    • stop the infusion and remove the catheter
    • elevate the extremity
    • encourage active ROM
    • apply warm compresses three to four times/day
    • restart the infusion proximal to the site or in another extremity
  3. Prevention of Infiltration
    • carefully select site and catheter
    • secure the catheter
  4. Findings for phlebitis/thrombophlebitis
    • edema
    • throbbing
    • burning or pain at the site
    • increased skin temperature
    • erythema
    • a red line up the arm with a palpable band at the vein site
    • slowed infusion
  5. Treatment of phlebitis/thrombophlebitis
    • same as infiltration
    • culture the site and catheter if drainage is present
  6. Prevention of phlebitis
    • rotate sites at least every 72 hours
    • avoid the lower extremities
    • use hand hygiene
    • use surgical aseptic technique
  7. Findings for hematoma
    ecchymosis at site
  8. Treatment of hematoma
    • do not apply alcohol
    • apply pressure after IV catheter removal
    • use warm compress and elevation after bleeding stops
  9. Prevention of hematoma
    • minimize tourniquet time
    • remove the tourniquet before starting IV infusion
    • maintain pressure after IV catheter removal
  10. Findings for cellulitis
    pain; warmth; edema; induration; red streaking; fever, chills and malaise
  11. Treatment for Cellulitis
    • same as phlebitis
    • administer: antibiotics, analgesics, and antipyretics
  12. Prevention of cellulitis
    - same as phlebitis
  13. Findings for Fluid overload
    • distended neck veins
    • increased blood pressure
    • tachycardia
    • shortness of breath
    • crackles in the lungs
    • edema
  14. Treatment for fluid overload
    • - stop infusion
    • - raise the HOB
    • - asses vital signs
    • - adjust rate as prescribed
    • - administer diuretics if prescribed
  15. Prevention of Fluid overload
    • - use an infusion pump
    • - monitor I&O
  16. Findings of catheter embolus
    • missing catheter tip when discontinued
    • severe pain at the site with migration
    • or no symptoms if no migration
  17. Treatment of catheter embolus
    • - place the tourniquet high on the extremity to limit venous flow
    • - prepare for removal under x-ray or via surgery
    • - save the catheter after removal to determine the cause
  18. Prevention of catheter embolus
    - do not reinsert the stylet into the catheter

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview