The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
What are UTIs caused by?
Caused by poor hygiene, inadequate hand washing, failure to wipe from front to back after voiding/defecating, frequent sexual intercourse predispose women to infection, also catheters, prolonged use of catheters, improper catheter care/hygiene
What are possible complications of lower UTIs?
- Burning pain
- Chills nausea
What are possible complications of those who have an irritated bladder or cystitis?
- Frequent and urgent sensation to urinate Irritation to bladder and urethral mucosa results in blood tinged urine
- Urine appears concentrated/cloudy b/c of wbcs or bacteria
What are possible complications of those with upper UTI? (spreads to kidneys - pyelonephritis)
- Flank pain
How much urine should we make per hour?
How much urine should we produce daily and how much for pt with a foley?
- Daily: 1500 - 1600
- With Foley: 2000 - 2500
- Routine catheter care
- Perineal hygiene
- Fluid intake
- Cath care usually every 8 hours
- Insertion is ALWAYS sterile technique
- If patient has foley athey should be putting out more urine daily to keep urine dilute and keep catheter from clogging
- When pt has foley, increase their intake so they will have more output, there won’t be sediment, catheter won’t get clogged.
Assess/Intervene for clients with urinary retention
- Assess for abdomen distention and pain
- Signs include urine absent over several hours
- Dribbling of urine
- If pt doesn’t have a catheter you can do “bladder scanning” which tells you how many mls of urine there are in the bladder.
- Promote environment that will help pt urinate