Caused by poor hygiene, inadequate hand washing, failure to wipe from front to back after voiding/defecating, frequent sexual intercourse predispose women to infection, also catheters, prolonged use of catheters, improper catheter care/hygiene
What are possible complications of lower UTIs?
What are possible complications of those who have an irritated bladder or cystitis?
Frequent and urgent sensation to urinate Irritation to bladder and urethral mucosa results in blood tinged urine
Urine appears concentrated/cloudy b/c of wbcs or bacteria
What are possible complications of those with upper UTI? (spreads to kidneys - pyelonephritis)
How much urine should we make per hour?
How much urine should we produce daily and how much for pt with a foley?
Daily: 1500 - 1600
With Foley: 2000 - 2500
Routine catheter care
Cath care usually every 8 hours
Insertion is ALWAYS sterile technique
If patient has foley athey should be putting out more urine daily to keep urine dilute and keep catheter from clogging
When pt has foley, increase their intake so they will have more output, there won’t be sediment, catheter won’t get clogged.
Assess/Intervene for clients with urinary retention
Assess for abdomen distention and pain
Signs include urine absent over several hours
Dribbling of urine
If pt doesn’t have a catheter you can do “bladder scanning” which tells you how many mls of urine there are in the bladder.