med term chap 8.txt
Card Set Information
med term chap 8.txt
word parts of mouth?
word parts of large intestine?
presence of stones
rectum and anus
bursting forth of blood
word part for digestion
word part for fat, lipid
consists of the bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth
natural teeth arranged in the upper jaw
without teeth. sitiation after the natural permanent teeth have been lose
what is the livers function?
: removing toxins from blood and turning good into the fuel and nutrients the body needs
what is the large instestins function?
: waste products of digestion are processed in prep for excretion through the anus
what are the major parts of large intesting?
: cecum, colon, rectum, and anus
series of wave-like contractions of the smooth muscles in a single direction. food uses this to move down the esophagus with gravity
physican who specializes in diagnosing and treating disease and disorders of the stomach and intestines
physican who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the internal organs and related body systems
dental specialist who prevents or corrects malocclusion of the teeth and related facial structures
diental specialist who prevents or treats disorders of the tissues surrounding the teeth
physican who specializes in disroders of the colon, rectum, and anus
aphthous ulcers also known as?
canker sores or mouth ulcers
grey-white pits with a red border in the soft tissues lining the mouth
disorder of the lips characterized by crack-like sores at the corners of the mouth
bleeding from any part of the mouth
describes any restriction to the opening of the mouth caused by rauma, surgery, or radiation assoc. with treatment of oral cancer
earliest stage of periodontal disease, and the inflammation affects only the gums
halitosis is also known as?
unpleasent odor coming from the mouth that can be caused by dental disease or respiratory or gastric disorders
difficulty in swallowing
gastroesophageal reflux disease
upward flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus
gastroesophageal reflux disease
pyrosis also known as?
burning sensation caused by the return of acidic stomach conctents into the esophagus
enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus. severe bleeding occurs if one of these veins ruptures
caricose veins, swollen or dilated veins
condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm
protrusion of a part or structure through the tissues that normally contain it
inflammation of the mucous membran lining the stomach nd intestines
loss of appetite for food, especially when cused by disease
eating disorder characterized by a false preception of body appearance. leads to an intense fear of gaining weight and refusal to maintain norml body weight
eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of beinge eating followed by copensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or other medication
physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diesases such as advanced cancer or aids
excessive accumulation of fat in the body
excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is a common cause of gas in the stomach
dyspepsia is also known as?
pain or discomfort in digestion
emesis also known as?
reflex ejection of the stomach contents through the mouth (vomiting)
vomiting of blood
exterme, persistent vomiting that can cause dehydration
return of swallowed food into the mouth
persence of a number of diverticula in the colon
small puch or sac occuring in the lining or wall of a tubular organ such as the colon
inflammation of one or more diverticula in the colon
inflammation of the small intesting caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral and bacterial pathogens
partial or complete blockage of small and/or lage intesting
chronic condition of known cause in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intesting cause ulcers and irritation
chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract, however, it is most often found in the ileum and in the colon
twisting of the intesting on itself that causes an obstruction
protrusion of a small loop of bown through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin
passage of black, tarry, and foul-smelling stools
inflammation of the liver
yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes
progressive degenerative disease of the liver that is often caused by excessive alcohol use or by viral hepatitis B or C
abnormal accumulation of serous (watery) fluid in the peritoneal cavity
acute infection of the bile duct characterized by pain in the upper-right quadrant of the abdomen, fever, and jaundice
pain in the gallbladder
inflammation of the gallbladder, usually associated with gallstones blocking the flow of bile
presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
bile or gall
visual examination of the anal canal and lower rectum
endoscopic procedure that allows direct visualization o the upper GI tract which includes the esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum
laboratory test for hidden blood in the stools
direct visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon from the rectum to the cecum
endoscopic examination of the interior of the rectum, sigmoid colong, and possibly a portion of the descending colon
medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
surgically placed feeding tube from the exterior of the body into the stomach
surgically creating an opening
establishment of an anastomosis (surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures) between the opper portion of the stomach and the duodenum
surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures
surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ
incision into the common bile duct for the removal of gallstones
common bile duct
ileum; small intestine
surgical removal of the gallbladder
branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of obesity and associated diseases
herpes labialis is also known as?
cold sores or fever blisters
blister-like sores on the lips and adjacent facial tissue that are caused by the oral herpes simplex virus type 1
xerostomia is also known as?
lack of adequate saliva due to diminished secretions by the salivary glands
condition of weighing two or three times, or more, than the ideal weight or having a body mass index value greater than 39
act of belching or raising gas orally from the stomach
transmitted by food or water that is contaminated due to poor sanitary conditions
botulism also known as?
rare, but very serious, condition transmitted through contaminated food or an infected wound
transmitted through contact with contaminated food or water
salmonellosis also referred to as?
transmitted by food that is contaminated by feces
placement of a feeding tube through the nost and into the stomach
rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intesting
radiographic examination of the bile ducts with the use of a contrast medium