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"everything God does for the communication of salvation"
the plans of committed believers to accomplish the Mission of God. "the specific work of the church and agencies in the task of reaching people for Christ by cross cultural boundaries."
the work of God in recounciling man to himself
"everything the church is doing that points toward the kingdom of God"
- means to send (Latin)
- apostello-send (Greek)
- apostolos (messengers Paul, Barnabus)
one who is being sent
proclaim good news
- light to nations
- most significiant missionary message of OT prophets
exceptional example of missions in OT
Matt 9:35-38, 24:14; 28:16-20
making of disciples of ALL nations is teh foundational command. The methods is baptizing and teaching to obey (promise:danger, persecution He is with us) Going imples crossing cultures
Luke 4:18 -19
what will happen, universal scope
John 3:16-17, John 17:18, John 20:21
Jesus the sent one, sends his disciples. If you are a disciple of Christ, you are sent.
God sent his son ( ), command
- going, make disciples
- (after baptism)
where are you?
God searching for (Gen. 3:9)
1st prophecy of Christ? Protoevangelism "And I will put enmity...."
Gen 12: 3
God's promise to Abraham
Moses is sent on a mission
God's intent was universal
(Isiah 56:6, Jer 3:17)
Acts 1: 8
Acts records the history of the early church (history of missions)
Paul's primary concern
- "beyond winning people to Christ; his ministry focus was on forming comm. of Christians"
- goal: developing mature believers
New Testament's ___________ mission
Source of mission
Core of theology of mission
God's glory and our reflection of His glory through worship-winning people to Christ so they may reflect God's glory
Common perception of apostles
established congregations quickly and moved on
- remained a long time
- (Acts 14:3)
At least 18 mths (Acts 18:11)
at least 3 yrs (Acts 20:31)
was told to remain (1 Tim. 1:3)
left to Crete (Titus 1:5)
Success and breakthrough come with time needed to
may take the form of trying to create a single world religion, or the idea that "our religion can encompass all the others"
all truths are equally valid. Uniformity and agreement are not the goals
"ours is the only true way"
Two verses that indicate Christ is the only way to God.
Problem with Pluralism
- doesn't take each religion's teachings seriously on their own terms
- various religions's belief's are mutually contradictory. They can't all be true.
God doesn't answer the question: "How could a good God insist on only one way to be saved?"
"How could a just God prepare, anyway at all for anyone to be saved?"
God's wrath is revealed not against innocent by against
ungodliness and wickedness.
God's existence, his eternal power and deity.
- teaches us about general revelation
- it is for all men
- it is clear and unambiguous
God's gift of redemption for the lost
Examples of God's call
- ABRHAM (Gen 12:1; Gen 17:1-2)
- MOSES (Ex. 3-4)
- GIDEON (Jud 6:11-14)
- SAMUEL (1 Sam 3:1-11)
- ISAIAH (6:8-9)
- JEREMIAH (1:4-8)
- EZEKIEL (2:1-3)
Examples of God's call
- Jesus called his disciples (Mark 1:14-20, Mark 2:13-17 Mark3:13-19)
- Saul (Acts 9:1-19)
Less "obvious calls"
- Nehemiah- heard about distress in Jerusalem (Neh 1)
- Barnabus sent by the church to Antioch (Acts 11:22)
- Tim goes with Paul (Acts 16) and Paul left in Ephesus (1 Tim.1)
Call of Moses Ex. 3-4
- I will be with you
- What is your name?
- I AM who I AM
- They wont believe me
- What is in your hand?
- I am not eloquent
- Who made your mouth?
- Send someone else (better)
- Ok, but I'm still sending you
10th and 40th latitudes, bordered around Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. People that have been unreached.
Taking the text in a way people can understand (developing church life and ministry that is biblically faithful and culturally appropriate)
Mission that takes into account the whole of human needs: spiritual, social, and personal (evangelism, church planting, development and social transformation).
Incarnate into the churches: learn the language and culture
self-governing, self-supporting, self-propagating, self-theologizing
developing world, Afericasia, third world, two-thirds world, underdeveloped world, and world A
- group defined by ethnic or linguistic terms
- 12,000 languages
- 24, 000 people in world
one week to 2 years (church building projects)
the replacement of truths of the gospel with non-Christians
Paul's term in his stay at Corinth when he made tents so to not be burden to the Corinthian church
people that have no access to the gospel
postmodern thinking is eroding
traditional ideas of truth
misunderstanding of missionaries
- misfits in their own culture
- always good with languages
- always have a strong call from God
- no longer needed
- live in "the bush"
- cost too much
- not exempt
- "most bang for buck"
how much of the worlds population is packed together in sprawling urban landscapes?
- creation of fall
- God's call
- God's work/rescue
- God sending people in exile
all Christians take part
promise that Jesus will come for all people
Most significant mssionary message in OT
study of the events relating to the return of Christ and the end of history
- 1st- adherent, insider (practices, habits)
- 2nd- seeker or insider
- 3rd- explorer (if no persuasive element=falls short of God's call to Christians to invite people to repent, turn to Christ, and worship God)
- 6th- advocate of a new religion- most appropriate(proclaimation)
- 7th-apologist or antagonist
What does it mean to take others relgions seriously?