Drug Group 5

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Author:
oteff
ID:
66185
Filename:
Drug Group 5
Updated:
2011-02-13 22:47:40
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Drug Group
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Drug Group 5
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  1. FENTANYL CITRATE
    Class:
    Opioid analgesic (narcotic)
  2. FENTANYL CITRATE
    Mechanism of Action:
    Binds to various opioid receptors, producing analgesiaand sedation (opioid agonist)
  3. FENTANYL CITRATE
    Indications:
    Moderate to severe pain, adjunct in rapid sequence induction(intubation)
  4. Fentanyl Citrate
    Contraindications:
    Severe hemorrhage and shock. Patients who have taken MAO inhibitors within the last 14 days should avoid fentanyl! Severe andunpredictable potentiation is possible. Use with caution, if atall in any patient with a head injury (except during RSI).
  5. Fentanyl Citrate
    Side Effects
    Drowsiness, hypotension, bradycardia, and respiratory depressionare most common, however it may cause N&V, weakness, anddizziness, increased excitability (paradoxical)
  6. Fentanyl Citrate
    Dosage
    2 mcg/kg IV or IM, usually up to 100 mcg
  7. KETOROLAC (TORADOL)
    Class:
    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent
  8. KETOROLAC (TORADOL)
    Mechanism of Action
    NSAIDs inhibit cyclooxygenase and prevent thesynthesis of prostaglandins and thromboxane, whichreduce inflammation and ultimately provide pain relief
  9. KETOROLAC (TORADOL)
    Indications
    Mild to moderate pain
  10. KETOROLAC (TORADOL)
    Contraindications
    Allergy to NSAIDs
  11. KETOROLAC (TORADOL)
    Dosage
    60 mg IM or 30 mg IV (decrease dose by ½ if > 65 y/o)
  12. NITROUS OXIDE (NITRONOX)
    Class:
    Inhalational Anesthetic
  13. NITROUS OXIDE (NITRONOX)
    Mechanism of Action
    CNS depressant with analgesic properties
  14. NITROUS OXIDE (NITRONOX)
    Indications
    Pain secondary to trauma / burn, renal calculi
  15. NITROUS OXIDE (NITRONOX)
    Contraindications
    Patients who cannot comprehend verbal instructions, whoare intoxicated with alcohol or drugs, head-injury associatedwith altered LOC, COPD, thoracic injury (suspicious ofpneumothorax), abdominal pain suggestive of bowelobstruction, any patient who is otherwise hypoxic
  16. NITROUS OXIDE (NITRONOX)
    Dosage
    A positive pressure demand valve mask is given to the patient – selfadministered at 50% NO/50% O2. The patient will drop the mask,preventing the induction of anesthesia when unable to hold the maskup any longer

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