Drug Group 6

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Author:
oteff
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66186
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Drug Group 6
Updated:
2011-02-13 22:53:09
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Drug Group
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Drug Group 6
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  1. ACETAMINOPHEN (APAP)
    Class:
    Antipyretic, non-narcotic analgesic
  2. ACETAMINOPHEN (APAP)
    Mechanism of Action
    Produces analgesia by blocking generation of painimpulses probably by inhibition of prostaglandinsynthesis. It relieves fever by central action in thehypothalamic heat regulating center
  3. ACETAMINOPHEN (APAP)
    Indications
    Fever
  4. ACETAMINOPHEN (APAP)
    Contraindications
    None
  5. ACETAMINOPHEN (APAP)
    Dosage
    • Adult: 650-1000 mg PO,
    • Pediatric: 10-20 mg / kg
  6. DIPHENHYDRAMINE (BENADRYL)
    Class:
    Antihistamine
  7. DIPHENHYDRAMINE (BENADRYL)
    Mechanism of Action
    Antagonizes central and peripheral H1 receptors(nonselective antihistamine); possesses anticholinergicproperties, resulting in antidyskinetic, antiemetic andsedative effects
  8. DIPHENHYDRAMINE (BENADRYL)
    Indications
    Allergic and anaphylactic reactions. Dystonicreactions/extrapyramidal symptoms (from phenothiazines,thioxanthines, and butyrophenones)
  9. DIPHENHYDRAMINE (BENADRYL)
    Contraindications
    None in acute prehospital use
  10. DIPHENHYDRAMINE (BENADRYL)
    Dosage
    • Adult: 25–50 mg IV, IM, or PO
    • Pediatric: 1 mg/kg up to adult dose
  11. INSULIN (REGULAR)
    Class:
    Hormone
  12. INSULIN (REGULAR)
    Mechanism of Action
    Promotes storage of glucose as glycogen, increasesprotein and fat synthesis, and inhibits the breakdown ofglycogen, protein, and fat. All types of insulin have thesame effect in the body. The differences lie in the onset,duration, concentration, source, and purity. Alsostimulates cellular uptake of potassium.
  13. INSULIN (REGULAR)
    Indications
    Hyperkalemia (Most systems do not carry insulin. If allowed byprotocols and available, use the patient’s own insulin. If patient’sCBG is <400, administer D50 to prevent hypoglycemia.)
  14. INSULIN (REGULAR)
    Contraindications
    Hypoglycemia
  15. INSULIN (REGULAR)
    Dosage
    5-10 units (Regular) IV given with 25 g D50

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